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Printing: Your printer might not print the same way our printers do, so make sure to try a couple of test prints. If things aren’t aligning quite right,

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Presentation on theme: "Printing: Your printer might not print the same way our printers do, so make sure to try a couple of test prints. If things aren’t aligning quite right,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Printing: Your printer might not print the same way our printers do, so make sure to try a couple of test prints. If things aren’t aligning quite right, experiment with the Scale to Fit Paper setting. It’s located in the Print dialog – just click Full Page Slides to get to it. And did you notice we made fold marks for you? They are really light, but if you don’t like them showing on your brochure, click View, Slide Master, and delete them before you print. Customizing the Content: If you need more placeholders for titles, subtitles or body text, just make a copy of what you need and drag it into place. PowerPoint’s Smart Guides will help you align it with everything else. REFERENCES  Ankola AV, Hebbal M, Eshwar S. How clean is the toothbrush that cleans your tooth?. Int Journ of Dent Hy. 2009;7(4):  Belanger-Giguere K, Belanger M., Giguere S. Disinfection of toothbrushes contaminated with Streptococcus mutans. Am J Dent. 2011;24(3):  Contreras A, Arce R, Botero JE, Jaramillo A, Betancourt M. Toothbrush contamination in family members. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral. 2010;3(1):  Efstratiou M, Papaioannou W, Nakou M, Ktenas E, Vrotsos I.A, Panis A. Contamination of a toothbrush with antibacterial properties by oral microorganisms. Journ of Dent. 2007;35(4):  Frazelle MR, Munro CL. Toothbrush contamination: a literature review. Nursing Research and Practice. 2012;2012:1-6.  Ilkay Peker, Gulcin Akca, Cigdem Sarikir, Meryem Toraman Alkurt, and Irem Celik. Effectiveness of alternative methods for toothbrush disinfection: An In Vitro Study. The Scientific World Journal. 2014;2014:1-9.  Karibasappa GN, Nagesh L, Sujatha BK. Assessment of microbial contamination of toothbrush head: An in vitro study. Indian Journ of Dent Res. 2011;22(1): 2-5.  Morris DW, Goldschmidt M, Keene H, Cron SG. Microbial contamination of power toothbrushes: A comparison of solid-head versus hollow-head designs.Journ of Dent Hyg. 2014;88(4):  Schmidt JC, Bux M, Filipuzzi-Jenny E, Kulik EM, Waltimo T, Weiger R, Walter C. Influence of time, toothpaste, and salvia in the retention of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinus on different toothbrushes. Jour of Applied Oral sci. 2014;22(3):  Warren DP, Goldschmidt MC, Thompson MB, Adler- Storthz K, Keene HJ. The effects of toothpastes on the residual microbial contamination of toothbrushes. Journ of Am Dent Assc. 2001;132(9):  Zautner AE, Hage A, Schneider K, Schlosser K, Zimmerman O, Hornecker E, Mausberg RF, Frickmann H, Grofs U, Ziebolz D. Effects of easy-to-perform procedures to reduce bacterial colonization with Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus on toothbrushes. Eur J Microbiol Immunol. 2013;3(3): Current research has shown known disease causing bacteria are present on toothbrushes after each use. Storage of toothbrushes is important to manage that bacterial count found on toothbrushes. New technology to reduce bacteria such as sanitizers and toothbrush design are being tested and improved. Future Implications: Further studies of links between disease causing bacteria that harbor on toothbrushes and systemic diseases should be researched Clean Before You Clean Sacramento City College Table Clinic 2015

2 Printing: Your printer might not print the same way our printers do, so make sure to try a couple of test prints. If things aren’t aligning quite right, experiment with the Scale to Fit Paper setting. It’s located in the Print dialog – just click Full Page Slides to get to it. And did you notice we made fold marks for you? They are really light, but if you don’t like them showing on your brochure, click View, Slide Master, and delete them before you print. Customizing the Content: If you need more placeholders for titles, subtitles or body text, just make a copy of what you need and drag it into place. PowerPoint’s Smart Guides will help you align it with everything else. Printing: Your printer might not print the same way our printers do, so make sure to try a couple of test prints. If things aren’t aligning quite right, experiment with the Scale to Fit Paper setting. It’s located in the Print dialog – just click Full Page Slides to get to it. And did you notice we made fold marks for you? They are really light, but if you don’t like them showing on your brochure, click View, Slide Master, and delete them before you print. Customizing the Content: If you need more placeholders for titles, subtitles or body text, just make a copy of what you need and drag it into place. PowerPoint’s Smart Guides will help you align it with everything else. Storage recommendations:  Not share toothbrushes  Thoroughly rinse after brushing to remove toothpaste and debris  Store toothbrushes in an upright position to allow toothbrush to air dry  Keep brushes separated from highly contaminated areas  Change toothbrush every 3 months  Disinfect toothbrush when known microbes are present (cold sore, flu) It is a known fact that these microorganisms are directly related to dental tooth decay and periodontal disease. This not only affects the oral health but the general health of the individual. Therefore, it is important to understand adequate toothbrush care. CONCLUSION According to recent studies, microorganisms found on toothbrushes included all but not limited to: S. mutans: cause dental caries B. Hemolytic : sore throat Candida albicans: thrush in babies E. coli : found in bathroom Herpes simplex virus 1: cold sores Aa and Pg : involved in periodontal diseases. This in turn, results into further contamination of various microorganism to the mouth. Recent studies show that the bacteria on unkempt toothbrushes can lead to negative effects to the oral cavity and overall health of the individual. Toothbrushes are the most common oral hygiene aid used to improve oral health. With every use, it becomes contaminated with plaque, bacteria, and other debris from the teeth. It is ironic how the very periodontal aid that cleans the oral cavity are the ones that are often neglected. BACKGROUND Countless studies demonstrate how oral hygiene aids harbor a wide range of microorganisms. Toothbrushes may serve as a direct transmission of bacteria and can be a source of self inoculation or reintroduction of microorganism in the mouth. imgkid.com


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