# THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

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THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

RABA: Present Simple uporabljamo, kadar želimo
opisati dogodke, ki se dogajajo v sedanjosti: vsakdanje dogodke We play chess every day. navade Maria cleans her teeth every morning. kar imamo / nimamo radi I like Maths. / I don’t like Art.

fraza have got (have got, has got)
splošno znane stvari, kar se ne spreminja It often rains in autumn. dogodke, ki so vezani na urnike, razporede The train leaves at 6 o’clock. KAKO GA TVORIMO? glagol biti (am, is, are) fraza have got (have got, has got) ostali glagoli

TRDILNA OBLIKA -pri osebah he, she in it glagolu dodamo končnico -s
množina I play you play he plays she plays it plays we play you play they play

POSEBNOSTI PRI ZAPISU KONČNIC:
če imamo pred glagolom modalni glagol (can, must), glagolu končnice ne dodamo: She can dance. glagoli, ki se končajo na –o, -x, -ch, - sh ali – s dobijo končnico –es do – he does, wash – she washes če se glagol konča na –y, pred katerim stoji soglasnik, se –y spremeni v –i, temu pa dodamo –es: cry – cries, worry - worries

če se glagol konča na –y, pre katerim je samoglasnik (a,e,i,o,u), glagolu dodamo le končnico –s:
play – plays, stay, stays EXERSISES – VAJE 1. Glagolu dodaj ustrezno končnico: I can play – he ______________ I go – he ____________ I play – he ____________ We live – she ______________ I must go – it ___________________

You wish – he _______________ I hurry – she _______________ I do – she ______________ We kiss – she _____________ I teach – he ______________ 2. Prepiši stavke tako, da spremeniš končnico. I can swim. She ______________________. I miss the bus. He ____________________. I know you. He ______________________. I often cry. She often _________________. I must go now. He ____________________. I fly to Rome every year. She ____________________. I always do my best. She _______________________.

VPRAŠALNA OBLIKA pri osebah I, we, you, they uporabimo besedico DO:
Do you swim? Do we read every day? Do they live in Trebnje? pri osebnih zaimkih he, she, it pa uporabimo besedico DOES: Does she work? Does he often climb a tree? Does it always eat bones?

namesto does not = doesn’t I don’t play the guitar.
NIKALNA OBLIKA pri nikalni obliki besedicama DO in DOES dodamo NOT – lahko pa uporabimo kratke oblike: namesto do not = don’t namesto does not = doesn’t I don’t play the guitar. She doesn’t cycle a lot. They don’t like soft toys. He doesn’t finish his homework before dinner.

PRISLOVNA DOLOČILA ČASA:
always – vedno usually – ponavadi often – pogosto sometimes – včasih seldom – redko never – nikoli every day (week, month, year, Monday,…) – vsak … We often visit my grandparents. My friends sometimes come to my house. Mary goes to work at 7 every morning.

1. Tvori trdilne povedi. Pazi na veliko začetnico!
I / collect stamps __________________________ we / play card games ________________________ he / read comics ___________________________ Chris / sing in a band _______________________ we / have a hamster ________________________ Andy and John / like cola _____________________ she / be nice ______________________________ they / help their parents _____________________ the children / speak English ___________________ I / buy a newspaper every Saturday ________________________________________

2. Tvori nikalne povedi. Pazi na veliko začetnico!
I watch TV. I don’t watch TV. We play football. __________________________ It is boring. ______________________________ She cleans her room. ________________________ You ride your bike every weekend. ________________________________________ Sandy takes nice photos. _____________________ They open the windows. _____________________ He buys a new CD. _________________________ I am late. ________________________________ She has a cat. _____________________________

3. Tvori vprašalne povedi. Pazi na veliko začetnico!
she / collect / stickers Does she collect stickers? they / play / a game _________________________ the cat / sleep / in the cat's bed ________________ she / often / dream _________________________ he / play / streetball ________________________ you / be / from Paris ________________________ the pupils / wear / school uniforms ________________________________________ you / go / to the cinema _____________________ she / have / friends _________________________ he / read / books __________________________

VPRAŠALNE BESEDE: who – kdo what – kaj where – kje when – kdaj why – zakaj how – kako

4. Vprašaj se po podčrtanih besedah.
Julia likes pop-music. Maria comes from Spain. They play in the garden. Rick rides his bike. I go to the cinema on Saturdays. We go to Mallorca because it is warm there. Joe repairs his bike. Robin drives his car carefully. Peter runs with his dog every day. Eric goes to Italy for a holiday.

5. Dopolni povedi z glagolom v oklepaju
5. Dopolni povedi z glagolom v oklepaju. Povedi so lahko v trdilni, nikalni ali vprašalni obliki. ________ she ___________ (play) tennis every week? They _____________ (go) to the cinema every weekend. ________ (be) she a singer? Lucy ________________ (not ride) a bike to work. Why __________ (be) he in France? ________ we ___________ (make) too much noise at night? Susan _________________ (not make) biscuits. Where ________ Harry ___________ (study)? We _____________ (not be) late.

THE POLICE: EVERY BREATH YOU TAKE http://www. youtube. com/watch
Every breath you take and every move you make Every bond you break Every step you take, I'll be watching you Every single day and every word you say Every game you play Every night you stay, I'll be watching you Oh can't you see you belong to me? How my poor heart aches with every step you take Every move you make and every vow you break Every smile you fake Every claim you stake, I'll be watching you Since you've gone I've been lost without a trace I dream at night I can only see your face I look around but it's you I can't replace I feel so cold and I long for your embrace I keep crying baby, baby please Oh can't you see you belong to me? How my poor heart aches with every step you take Every move you make And every vow you break Every smile you fake Every claim you stake, I'll be watching you Every move you make Every step you take, I'll be watching you, I'll be watching you Every breath you take Every move you make Every bond you break Every step you take, I'll be watching you Every single day Every word you say Every game you play Every night you stay, I'll be watching you Every move you make Every vow you break Every smile you fake Every claim you stake, I'll be watching you Every single day Every word you say Every game you play Every night you stay, I'll be watching you Every breath you take Every move you make Every bond you break Every step you take, I'll be watching you Every single day Every word you say Every game you play Every night you stay, I'll be watching you Every move you make Every vow you break Every smile you fake Every claim you stake, I'll be watching you Every single day Every word you say Every game you play Every night you stay, I'll be watching you Every breath you take Every move you make Every bond you break Every step you take, I'll be watching you