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Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You By. Mrs Surekha B. Mali.

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Presentation on theme: "Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You By. Mrs Surekha B. Mali."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You By. Mrs Surekha B. Mali

3 Health According to the World Health Organization, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

4 Hygiene From the Greek word “hygies” Meaning “healthy, sound”

5 Hygiene The definition of hygiene is healthy habits that include bathing, keeping the mouth clean, keeping the skin protected from the sun and washing hands frequently before handling edibles to insure the safe delivery of food.

6 Good and Bad Hygiene The difference between good and bad hygiene is: Good hygiene keep you protected from things, like germs and dangerous UV rays from the sun, in the environment that can hurt you Good hygiene keep you protected from things, like germs and dangerous UV rays from the sun, in the environment that can hurt you Bad hygiene allows these things to affect your body and probably make you sick Bad hygiene allows these things to affect your body and probably make you sick

7 What is Personal Hygiene? Regular Routine of Personal Care Washing and Grooming Your Hair Your Hair Your Face Your Face Your Skin Your Skin Your Teeth Your Teeth Your Ears Your Ears Your Hands Your Hands Your Nails Your Nails Your Feet Your Feet

8 The Benefits of Good Hygiene According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, addressing the spread of germs in schools is essential to the health of our youth, our schools, and our nation According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, addressing the spread of germs in schools is essential to the health of our youth, our schools, and our nation Good hygiene prevents the spread of germs Good hygiene prevents the spread of germs It also helps to give a good first impression to others It also helps to give a good first impression to others

9 Healthy Skin: Hand Washing According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 22 million school days are lost each year due to the common cold. Some viruses and bacteria can live from 20 minutes up to 2 hours or more on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks

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11 How to Wash Your Hands Use warm running water Use warm running water Use soap Use soap Scrub hands together and under nails for at least seconds Scrub hands together and under nails for at least seconds Dry hands on a clean cloth or paper towel or use an automatic hand dryer if possible Dry hands on a clean cloth or paper towel or use an automatic hand dryer if possible

12 Dental Hygiene What causes cavities? Sugar and Plaque together creates bacteria that causes tooth decay. Sugar and Plaque together creates bacteria that causes tooth decay. Tooth Decay can be transmitted through the mouth from someone who may have tooth decay bacteria. Tooth Decay can be transmitted through the mouth from someone who may have tooth decay bacteria. How to avoid tooth decay. Daily dental hygiene routine that consist of brushing for 2-4 minutes and flossing. Daily dental hygiene routine that consist of brushing for 2-4 minutes and flossing. See a dentist every 6 months See a dentist every 6 months

13 Healthy Teeth and Gums The health and cleanliness of your mouth is important, if you don’t brush and floss… Cavities (holes in your teeth) may form Cavities (holes in your teeth) may form Your breath will probably smell bad Your breath will probably smell bad You may be at higher risk for serious disease later in life, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes You may be at higher risk for serious disease later in life, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes

14 Choosing a Toothbrush and Toothpaste Choose a toothbrush certified by the American Dental Association (ADA) A soft bristle brush is good, and it should fit to your mouth Get a new toothbrush at least every 3 or 4 months Choose a fluoride toothpaste also certified by the ADA

15 Halitosis Bad Breath… Caused by the activity of certain types of oral bacteria Other causes: Food stuck in teeth Food stuck in teeth Sinus problems Sinus problems Stomach problems Stomach problems

16 How Often and When to Brush and Floss At least two times a day At least two times a day One time in the morning, and one time at night One time in the morning, and one time at night Consider brushing between meals, too! Consider brushing between meals, too! Floss at least one time a day Floss at least one time a day Floss if you feel food stuck in your teeth Floss if you feel food stuck in your teeth

17 Brushing Technique and Skills Place your toothbrush against the gums. Place your toothbrush against the gums. Move the brush back and forth gently in short (tooth-wide) strokes. Move the brush back and forth gently in short (tooth-wide) strokes. Brush the outer tooth surfaces, the inner tooth surfaces, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth. Brush the outer tooth surfaces, the inner tooth surfaces, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth. Clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, using a gentle up- and-down stroke. Clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, using a gentle up- and-down stroke. Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath. Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath.

18 Proper Flossing Skills Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers. Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers. Guide the floss between your teeth using a gentle rubbing motion. Never snap the floss into the gums. Guide the floss between your teeth using a gentle rubbing motion. Never snap the floss into the gums. When the floss reaches the gum line, curve it into a C shape against one tooth. Gently slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth. When the floss reaches the gum line, curve it into a C shape against one tooth. Gently slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth.

19 Proper Flossing Skills (cont’d) Hold the floss tightly against the tooth. Gently rub the side of the tooth, moving the floss away from the gum with up and down motions. Hold the floss tightly against the tooth. Gently rub the side of the tooth, moving the floss away from the gum with up and down motions. Repeat this method on the rest of your teeth. Repeat this method on the rest of your teeth. Don't forget the back side of your last tooth. Don't forget the back side of your last tooth.

20 Foods to Avoid Bacteria in your mouth grow on sugar Try to eat as little “junk food” as possible =candy, chocolate, and other sweets Avoid drinking soda and sweet tea If you do eat these things, you may want to brush immediately afterwards

21 Protection From the Sun Cancer researchers believe childhood sunburns may increase a person's risk of developing melanoma, the most serious skin cancer. Cancer researchers believe childhood sunburns may increase a person's risk of developing melanoma, the most serious skin cancer. Most of the more than 1 million cases of nonmelanoma skin cancer diagnosed yearly in the United States are considered to be sun-related. Most of the more than 1 million cases of nonmelanoma skin cancer diagnosed yearly in the United States are considered to be sun-related.

22 Protection From the Sun 80% of the average person's lifetime sun exposure happens before age % of the average person's lifetime sun exposure happens before age 18. Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. It accounts for nearly half of all cancers in the United States. Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. It accounts for nearly half of all cancers in the United States.

23 How to Protect Yourself Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Seek shade: Look for shade, especially in the middle of the day when the sun's rays are strongest. Seek shade: Look for shade, especially in the middle of the day when the sun's rays are strongest. Cover your head with a wide-brimmed hat, shading your face, ears, and neck. Cover your head with a wide-brimmed hat, shading your face, ears, and neck.

24 How to Protect Yourself Wear sunglasses Wear sunglasses Cover up with protective clothing to guard as much skin as possible when you are out in the sun. Choose comfortable clothes made of tightly woven fabrics that you cannot see through when held up to a light. Cover up with protective clothing to guard as much skin as possible when you are out in the sun. Choose comfortable clothes made of tightly woven fabrics that you cannot see through when held up to a light.

25 Sunscreen Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher. Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher. Apply a generous amount about a palmful all over areas of your skin that are exposed. Apply a generous amount about a palmful all over areas of your skin that are exposed. Put it on minutes before going out in the sun. Put it on minutes before going out in the sun.

26 Sunscreen Reapply after swimming, toweling dry, or perspiring. Reapply after swimming, toweling dry, or perspiring. Reapply every two hours Reapply every two hours Use sunscreen even on hazy or overcast days. Use sunscreen even on hazy or overcast days.

27 Sunscreen More time in the sun! More time in the sun! If you could spend 10 minutes in the sun without sunscreen and you apply SPF 15… Now you can stay in the sun for 2 hours! If you do get a sunburn, use a lotion or aloe vera on the skin. If you do get a sunburn, use a lotion or aloe vera on the skin.

28 Hair Brushing your hair cleans and stimulates hair and scalp. Brushing your hair cleans and stimulates hair and scalp. Brush from roots to tips to spread natural oils along the whole length of hair. Brush from roots to tips to spread natural oils along the whole length of hair. Shampoo regularly Shampoo regularly

29 Hair How do I choose a shampoo? How do I choose a shampoo? Is my hair Oily, or is my hair Dry? Is my hair Oily, or is my hair Dry? Do I need conditioner? Do I need conditioner? What will stop the DANDRUFF??? What will stop the DANDRUFF???

30 Dandruff What is it? Dry itchy scalp Dry itchy scalp White flakes on head and shoulders White flakes on head and shoulders What causes it? Skin cells that grow and die off too fast Skin cells that grow and die off too fast Fat eating fungus on scalp that grow out of control and feeds off the oil on the hair follicles Fat eating fungus on scalp that grow out of control and feeds off the oil on the hair follicles

31 ACNE Acne is created when oil from the oil glands mix with the dead cells and plug up the hair follicles in the skin it creates a “whitehead.” A “blackhead” is when the air touches the plug, the plug turns black

32 Acne

33 What makes acne worse? Oil-based makeup, suntan oil, hair jells and spray. For girls, menstruation Squeezing or picking at blemishes Hard scrubbing of the skin

34 Who gets acne? Boys and girls during their teen years. Boys may get it worse because they have more skin oil. If your parents had bad acne, chances are you may get it bad too.

35 Acne Myths 1: Does chocolate cause zits? A: NO 2: Does Extra washing help clear zits? A: No, the extra scrubbing irritates skin and could make them worse. 3: Does acne leave scars? A: Yes, you can reduce the scarring by NOT PICKING and avoid excessive scrubbing.

36 Ears Wash ears daily with a wash cloth don’t forget behind the ears Wash ears daily with a wash cloth don’t forget behind the ears Do not use Qtips in ears it will smash the ear wax deep into the ear canal Do not use Qtips in ears it will smash the ear wax deep into the ear canal Did you know…..?? Did you know…..?? Ear wax is usually removed when you chew food or gum

37 Fingernails and Toenails File fingernails in one direction File fingernails in one direction Cut toenails straight across – never cut into corners Cut toenails straight across – never cut into corners Protect against ingrown toenails by avoiding tight shoes, very high heels Protect against ingrown toenails by avoiding tight shoes, very high heels

38 Athletes Foot Tinea Corpois – Fungal Infection – Athletes Foot Keep feet and skin clean and dry Keep feet and skin clean and dry Change socks daily Change socks daily Avoid walking barefoot in public areas Avoid walking barefoot in public areas Throw away worn-out shoes and never borrow other people’s shoes Throw away worn-out shoes and never borrow other people’s shoes

39 Make Hygiene part of your daily routine


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