Presentation on theme: "Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You"— Presentation transcript:
1Cleanliness & Personal Hygiene and You By. Mrs Surekha B. Mali
2HealthAccording to the World Health Organization, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
3HygieneFrom the Greekword “hygies”Meaning“healthy, sound”
4HygieneThe definition of hygiene is healthy habits that include bathing, keeping the mouth clean, keeping the skin protected from the sun and washing hands frequently before handling edibles to insure the safe delivery of food.
5Good and Bad Hygiene The difference between good and bad hygiene is: Good hygiene keep you protected from things, like germs and dangerous UV rays from the sun, in the environment that can hurt youBad hygiene allows these things to affect your body and probably make you sick
6What is Personal Hygiene? Regular Routine of Personal Care Washing and GroomingYour HairYour FaceYour SkinYour TeethYour EarsYour HandsYour NailsYour Feet
7The Benefits of Good Hygiene According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, addressing the spread of germs in schools is essential to the health of our youth, our schools, and our nationGood hygiene prevents the spread of germsIt also helps to give a good first impression to others
8Healthy Skin: Hand Washing According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 22 million school days are lost each year due to the common cold.Some viruses and bacteria can live from 20 minutes up to 2 hours or more on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks
10How to Wash Your Hands Use warm running water Use soap Scrub hands together and under nails for at least secondsDry hands on a clean cloth or paper towel or use an automatic hand dryer if possible
11Dental Hygiene What causes cavities? How to avoid tooth decay. Sugar and Plaque together creates bacteria that causes tooth decay.Tooth Decay can be transmitted through the mouth from someone who may have tooth decay bacteria.How to avoid tooth decay.Daily dental hygiene routine that consist of brushing for 2-4 minutes and flossing.See a dentist every 6 months
12Healthy Teeth and GumsThe health and cleanliness of your mouth is important, if you don’t brush and floss…Cavities (holes in your teeth) may formYour breath will probably smell badYou may be at higher risk for serious disease later in life, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes
13Choosing a Toothbrush and Toothpaste Choose a toothbrush certified by the American Dental Association (ADA)A soft bristle brush is good, and it should fit to your mouthGet a new toothbrush at least every 3 or 4 monthsChoose a fluoride toothpaste also certified by the ADA
14HalitosisBad Breath…Caused by the activity of certain types of oral bacteriaOther causes:Food stuck in teethSinus problemsStomach problems
15How Often and When to Brush and Floss At least two times a dayOne time in the morning, and one time at nightConsider brushing between meals, too!Floss at least one time a dayFloss if you feel food stuck in your teeth
16Brushing Technique and Skills Place your toothbrush against the gums.Move the brush back and forth gently in short (tooth-wide) strokes.Brush the outer tooth surfaces, the inner tooth surfaces, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth.Clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, using a gentle up-and-down stroke.Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath.
17Proper Flossing Skills Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers.Guide the floss between your teeth using a gentle rubbing motion. Never snap the floss into the gums.When the floss reaches the gum line, curve it into a C shape against one tooth. Gently slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth.
18Proper Flossing Skills (cont’d) Hold the floss tightly against the tooth. Gently rub the side of the tooth, moving the floss away from the gum with up and down motions.Repeat this method on the rest of your teeth.Don't forget the back side of your last tooth.
19Foods to Avoid Bacteria in your mouth grow on sugar Try to eat as little “junk food” as possible=candy, chocolate, and other sweetsAvoid drinking soda and sweet teaIf you do eat these things, you may want to brush immediately afterwards
20Protection From the Sun Cancer researchers believe childhood sunburns may increase a person's risk of developing melanoma, the most serious skin cancer.Most of the more than 1 million cases of nonmelanoma skin cancer diagnosed yearly in the United States are considered to be sun-related.
21Protection From the Sun 80% of the average person's lifetime sun exposure happens before age 18.Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. It accounts for nearly half of all cancers in the United States.
22How to Protect Yourself Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.Seek shade: Look for shade, especially in the middle of the day when the sun's rays are strongest.Cover your head with a wide-brimmed hat, shading your face, ears, and neck.
23How to Protect Yourself Wear sunglassesCover up with protective clothing to guard as much skin as possible when you are out in the sun. Choose comfortable clothes made of tightly woven fabrics that you cannot see through when held up to a light.
24SunscreenUse sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.Apply a generous amount about a palmful all over areas of your skin that are exposed.Put it on minutes before going out in the sun.
25Sunscreen Reapply after swimming, toweling dry, or perspiring. Reapply every two hoursUse sunscreen even on hazy or overcast days.
26Sunscreen More time in the sun! If you could spend 10 minutes in the sun without sunscreen and you apply SPF 15… Now you can stay in the sun for 2 hours!If you do get a sunburn, use a lotion or aloe vera on the skin.
27Hair Brushing your hair cleans and stimulates hair and scalp. Brush from roots to tips to spread natural oils along the whole length of hair.Shampoo regularly
28Hair How do I choose a shampoo? Is my hair Oily, or is my hair Dry? Do I need conditioner?What will stop the DANDRUFF???
29Dandruff What is it? Dry itchy scalp White flakes on head and shouldersWhat causes it?Skin cells that grow and die off too fastFat eating fungus on scalp that grow out of control and feeds off the oil on the hair follicles
30ACNEAcne is created when oil from the oil glands mix with the dead cells and plug up the hair follicles in the skin it creates a “whitehead.”A “blackhead” is when the air touches the plug, the plug turns black
32What makes acne worse?Oil-based makeup, suntan oil, hair jells and spray.For girls, menstruationSqueezing or picking at blemishesHard scrubbing of the skin
33Who gets acne?Boys and girls during their teen years. Boys may get it worse because they have more skin oil.If your parents had bad acne, chances are you may get it bad too.
34Acne Myths 1: Does chocolate cause zits? A: NO 2: Does Extra washing help clear zits?A: No, the extra scrubbingirritates skin and could makethem worse.3: Does acne leave scars?A: Yes, you can reduce thescarring by NOT PICKINGand avoid excessive scrubbing.
35Ears Wash ears daily with a wash cloth don’t forget behind the ears Do not use Qtips in ears it will smash the ear wax deep into the ear canalDid you know…..??Ear wax is usually removed when you chew food or gum
36Fingernails and Toenails File fingernails in one directionCut toenails straight across – never cut into cornersProtect against ingrown toenails by avoiding tight shoes, very high heels
37Athletes Foot Tinea Corpois – Fungal Infection – Athletes Foot Keep feet and skin clean and dryChange socks dailyAvoid walking barefoot in public areasThrow away worn-out shoes and never borrow other people’s shoes