Presentation on theme: "“ Case Histories of Sustainable Green Communities” April 24, 2013 Seeking Energy Independence."— Presentation transcript:
“ Case Histories of Sustainable Green Communities” April 24, 2013 Seeking Energy Independence
Why???? Dependence on Foreign oil - over 50% imported. Billions of Dollars Going out Cost of Protecting Oil sources Health care costs going up Climate change – Global warming
Saudi Arabia Looks to NREL for Solar Monitoring Expertise Saudi Arabia Looks to NREL for Solar Monitoring Expertise by Bill Scanlon, NREL | April 22, 2013 | Saudi Arabia is jumping headlong into renewable energy, with plans to install more solar and wind power in the next 20 years than the rest of the world has installed to date. Saudi Arabia is jumping headlong into renewable energy, with plans to install more solar and wind power in the next 20 years than the rest of the world has installed to date.
Historic Prices over 30 Years Average Cost Of New Home Average Cost Of New Home 1980 $68,700.00, 2008 $238,880,1980 $68,700.00, 2008 $238,880, Average Cost of New CarAverage Cost of New Car 1980 $7,200.00, 2008 $27,958,1980 $7,200.00, 2008 $27,958, Average Cost Gallon Of gasAverage Cost Gallon Of gas 1980 $1.19, 2009 $2.051, 2013 $3.85,1980 $1.19, 2009 $2.051, 2013 $3.85, Average Cost Loaf of BreadAverage Cost Loaf of Bread cents, 2008 $2.79, cents, 2008 $2.79,
Future Energy Cost? Increase in Energy Consumption Projected to be - 57 % by Year % to 300% by Year Electric Power cost
Green means.. Economic Development.. Saving money.. Save energy & natural resources. Create healthy and productive environment for people.
* Control the Budget -Energy Costs of Municipal Operations * Save money-avoid waste * Improve local economy * Conserve Natural Resources… * improve community image with innovation and new technology Green Benefits ???
How Communities Can Go Solar in New York State ?
New York State is promoting solar- powered public buildings and lights. How do we achieve this? How to go green with Solar? Solar PV works better in Cold climate. Rochester weather better than Germany who is world leader in solar power production
Solar power in Cold Climate of Rochester NY is Feasible Germany is World’s top Solar Producer with colder Germany is World’s top Solar Producer with colder climate. New Jersey is #2 in USA climate. New Jersey is #2 in USA * Solar panels work better under cold and wet conditions conditions Day light is sufficient to make power,Sunshine Day light is sufficient to make power,Sunshine makes more power in summer makes more power in summer Snow melts and cleans the panels after snowfall Snow melts and cleans the panels after snowfall Cost of PV system reduced 70% in last 5 years Cost of PV system reduced 70% in last 5 years NYS has best financial incentives in the Nation NYS has best financial incentives in the Nation Private Capital available to finance project Private Capital available to finance project Under Power Purchase Agreement Under Power Purchase Agreement
Another Banner Year for Solar Power: Industry Breaks Records in March 14, 2013 By Jennifer Runyon, Managing Editor, RenewableEnergyWorld.com Jennifer Runyon, Managing Editor, RenewableEnergyWorld.com Another Banner Year for Solar Power: Industry Breaks Records in March 14, 2013 By Jennifer Runyon, Managing Editor, RenewableEnergyWorld.com Jennifer Runyon, Managing Editor, RenewableEnergyWorld.com In 2012, the U.S. solar industry grew 76 percent over 2011, adding 3.3 GW of new solar capacity. Total U.S. PV Installed Capacity Approaching 10 GW (Equal to Ten Nuclear Plants) CA – AZ – Hi – NJ – MD - NY
NYSERDA’s Competitive Solar Program, PON 2589, funds solar PV systems for public buildings. You can achieve net-zero energy and rely on your own power! In the end, everyone wins! New York Rises – 2013 Plan
SOLAR WIND GEOTHERMAL STEP 1: Energy Conservation & Efficiency STEP 2: GREEN ENERGY GENERATION
Steps for Implementing Green Community Initiatives Involve all major departments in assessment of current practices Hold joint meetings to brainstorm ideas for conservation and savings in operating costs Prepare a Work Plan with various departments involving Engineering, Environmental, Parks, Planning, highway, Building facilities, Purchasing etc. Adopt Sustainable Green Plan and inform the residents Procure Federal & State grants or incentives for Energy Conservation/ Generation Set up Energy Independence goals and review achievement date.
List of Potential Stakeholders Village Mayor & Town Supervisor Engineering & Buildings Treasurer / Purchasing Environmental Services Planning & Zoning Public Works, Water, WWTP, Transportation Fire Protection, Street Lighting Public safety – Police Parks and Recreation Chamber of Commerce Industrial Development Agencies
Energy Independence Steps? 1. How much Energy we use now? 2. What can we do to reduce the demand? 3. Determine the Kwh per year needed after Improvements. 4. Evaluate potential technologies to make Green Power 5. Wind Turbines to 3000 hours per Year 6. Solar PV generation – 1100 hours per Year 7. Get solar grants and implement energy generation measures-PON 2589 due March and September 2013 energy generation measures-PON 2589 due March and September Make Green Kwh per year = to Demand / yr.
EXAMPLE Avon- Town & Village EXAMPLE Avon- Town & Village Energy Use Summary Energy Use Summary Town of Avon : 11 accounts – 377,590 kwh/ yr. Village of Avon : 10 active accounts- 1,262,358 Kwh/ year Total Energy use / yr.= 1,639,948 Kwh/ yr. Average cost of power = 9.3 cents / Kwh Demand Charge average= 3 cents per Kwh
Energy Planning Strategy Adopt Vision to be Net Zero Community Reduce power consumption via energy retrofits Produce Green energy via Solar PV Small Wind Turbines where practical Seek grants from NYS Promote tourism to show Green Energy Project. Energy Project.
Energy Independence Via PON Bid for Large solar PV? 1. Pursue NYSERDA grant via Bid process under PON Total $140M available 30% to 50% 2. Seek Letter of Interest and Qualifications from NYSERDA approved local solar system installers? 3. Determine the annual Kwh per year production goal needed to serve Municipal energy requirements. 4. Establish long term power purchase agreement terms and state in the LOI solicitation. 5. Solar PV generation – 940 hours per Year 6. Review LOI and select preferred vendor. 7. Submit bid for NYSERDA grants by August 29, Install system under PPA after NYSERDA acceptance of bid.
Here’s how the Process works Bid submission by applicant and approval by NYSERDA Finance- Design and Build PV System Solar contractor becomes power provider under PPA lasting up to 20 years, at a rate less than current power provider rate After 20 yrs the solar PV system is turned over to the community, providing a long-term, low-cost power solution. The community saves money for another 20 YRS + =
NYSERDA grants (30%) based on Bid for 2MW max and Federal tax incentives for green power 30%+ depreciation benefit Receive money from the host municipality for electrical consumption via PPA NYSERDA payment source SBC/RPS tax paid by all consumers Too good to be True? How can Developer afford to do it?
Zero Capital cost. The municipality leases the project site to the contractor for a symbolic $100./ yr. Under PPA municipality buys solar power for years at lower cost than the current power provider. When contract expires, the municipality buys the solar PV system back for Fair market value and gets low-cost electricity for another 20 years! What are the costs?
PPA Summary Chart EXAMPLE
* The proposal for First round was due by NYSERDA on December 5, 5:00 PM. The second round was due on March 14, 2013 The last round is due August 29, Program to continue for 10 Years but lower grants Years but lower grants What’s the Time Schedule ?
The municipality leases the project site to Developer for nominal cost As agreed in PPA, Municipality purchases electricity at a rate lower than the current power cost Upon end of PPA, Municipality buys the solar PV system and receives low-cost electricity for 25+ years! Municipal Contribution & Costs?
EXAMPLE of ENERGY IMPLEMENTATION PROJECTS Energy efficient lighting retrofits and upgrades for swimming pool heating Producing clean power on-site for Town Hall (wind, solar, geothermal, etc.). Daylight Harvesting. Solar Thermal technology for preheat pool water and building spaces. Improve building envelope insulation. Heat Destratification Fans
Solar Water Heating Solar Water Heating
Geo-thermal Energy Systems
Alternative Energy and Conservation Philadelphia, PA Million Solar Roofs Community Partnerships Keene, NH –Geothermal System –Bio-diesel Program –Methane Recovery 32
Energy Conservation via LED 33 50% savings and 20 +year lamp life
Alternative Energy and Conservation Austin, TX –Wash Wise Rebate Program –Light bulb exchange program Chula Vista, CA –Energy Efficient Network Software 34
Solar Powered Electric Vehicle Charging Station
Freedom from dependence on Oil ? Natures gift of wind is helping some areas develop clean renewable energy in the Nation. Upstate New York has good potential. Cost = 4-6 Cents/KWH
Taiwanese Wind turbines for Urban Application 200w-50kw
Large Systems in Progress Grant Awards for NYSERDA Solar Projects – PON 2589 (NY Sun Competitive Program) Communities on track to become Net Zero: Village of Scottsville Village of Medina Village of Dundee
Village of Scottsville Strategic Energy Plan
Village of Medina WWTP
Village of Medina Compost Facility
Town of Williamson WWTP
Village of Lyons WWTP
Village of Elba WWTP
Summary of Green Benefits Control future cost of energy Gain independence from rising energy costs National recognition, destination point Promotes sustainability Saves money- energy, water and natural resources Creates healthy environment Control tax rates via growth
“Green Solutions -It is the right thing to do... for a better tomorrow….” SERVE THE CLIENT BENEFIT THE COMMUNITY PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT www.larsen-engineers.com