Mythology is the basis for all humanities. “the science or study of myths” “a traditional story of unknown origin to explain nature, origin, customs, etc. of a people”
Term coined by Carl Jung Characters, symbols, buried assumptions passed on through the collective unconscious Models by which people comprehend experience and cope with life Exs. hero, outcast, angel, advocate, truth seeker
Birth of the Hero Born under wondrous circumstances Early Recognition Fills the early need for acceptance Great Deed End of childhood/transition to adulthood
Hero’s loss of power Their failures testify to the greatness of their lives Modern Heroes rejected during life but celebrated in death include-Joan of Arc, Galileo
We still look for modern day heroes to admire Olympians Celebrities Newsmakers Chelsey Sullenberger Landed his malfunctioning Plane on the Hudson River saving 155 lives
Language is another special kind of archetype Magic Words A person’s “word” can make or break their credibility “God Bless You” after a sneeze “Jinx” when you speak at the same time “Abra Cadabra!” Numbers also have significance. 7 and 3 show up in most stories, myths and fairy tales.
Unbroken line without a beginning or end Used to symbolize oneness, completion, and eternity
Implies both purpose and a sense of destination not just randomness Must overcome obstacles, “no pain, no gain” Eastern Mythology is a series of happenings, not necessarily a final task In the East, life is one thing after another, must be accepted for what it is.
“Would that we had never embarked on this journey; we have lost too much” Idea of a golden age or better time Primitivism-return to the state of Nature, led by Rousseau Book of Genesis Wizard of Oz The Odyssey King Arthur Pilgrims searching for the New World
Greeks felt gods were made in human’s image (opposite of Judeo- Christian belief) Physical perfection, attainable by certain mortals Gods were envious of humans In humanizing their gods, the Greeks deified themselves Athena punished a boastful Arachne after losing a weaving competition to her, turning her into a spider
Myths were created to explain natural phenomena Ex. Changing seasons Myths were created to explain the troubles that are part of life Death and loss
Creation Seasons Changing Human Suffering Cursed by Fate
Explain values don’t talk to strangers Obey your parents Work hard Importance of Being Attractive and Rich Cinderella Princess and the Pea Importance of Names Rupelstiltskin Affirms identities The Dark Side Life is not always sunny
What goes around, comes around Mother Nature They’ll think of something All you need is love It must be fate Just desserts Us versus Them There’s always room at the top Isn’t that just like a man/woman? Everybody does it