2Mythology Mythology is the basis for all humanities. “the science or study of myths”“a traditional story of unknown origin to explain nature, origin, customs, etc. of a people”
3Archetypes Term coined by Carl Jung Characters, symbols, buried assumptions passed on through the collective unconsciousModels by which people comprehend experience and cope with lifeExs. hero, outcast, angel, advocate, truth seeker
4Hero-World Myth Birth of the Hero Early Recognition Great Deed Born under wondrous circumstancesEarly RecognitionFills the early need for acceptanceGreat DeedEnd of childhood/transition to adulthood
5Hero’s loss of powerTheir failures testify to the greatness of their livesModern Heroes rejected during life but celebrated in death include-Joan of Arc, Galileo
6The Hero as a Special Someone We still look for modern day heroes to admireOlympiansCelebritiesNewsmakersChelsey SullenbergerLanded his malfunctioningPlane on the Hudson River saving 155 lives
7The Power of Words and Numbers Language is another special kind of archetypeMagic WordsA person’s “word” can make or break their credibility“God Bless You” after a sneeze“Jinx” when you speak at the same time“Abra Cadabra!”Numbers also have significance.7 and 3 show up in most stories, myths and fairy tales.
8The Circle Unbroken line without a beginning or end Used to symbolize oneness, completion, and eternity
9The JourneyImplies both purpose and a sense of destination not just randomnessMust overcome obstacles, “no pain, no gain”Eastern Mythology is a series of happenings, not necessarily a final taskIn the East, life is one thing after another, must be accepted for what it is.
10The Garden“Would that we had never embarked on this journey; we have lost too much”Idea of a golden age or better timePrimitivism-return to the state of Nature, led by RousseauBook of GenesisWizard of OzThe OdysseyKing ArthurPilgrims searching for the New World
11Gods as Human BeingsGreeks felt gods were made in human’s image (opposite of Judeo-Christian belief)Physical perfection, attainable by certain mortalsGods were envious of humansIn humanizing their gods, the Greeks deified themselvesAthena punished a boastful Arachne after losing a weaving competition to her, turning her into a spider
12Myth as Explanation Myths were created to explain natural phenomena Ex. Changing seasonsMyths were created to explain the troubles that are part of lifeDeath and loss
13Myths Explain… Creation Seasons Changing Human Suffering Cursed by Fate
14Myths of Childhood Explain values don’t talk to strangersObey your parentsWork hardImportance of Being Attractive and RichCinderellaPrincess and the PeaImportance of NamesRupelstiltskinAffirms identitiesThe Dark SideLife is not always sunny
15Common Sayings What goes around, comes around Mother Nature They’ll think of somethingAll you need is loveIt must be fateJust dessertsUs versus ThemThere’s always room at the topIsn’t that just like a man/woman?Everybody does it