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Chapter 3.  Mythology is the basis for all humanities.  “the science or study of myths”  “a traditional story of unknown origin to explain nature,

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3.  Mythology is the basis for all humanities.  “the science or study of myths”  “a traditional story of unknown origin to explain nature,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3

2  Mythology is the basis for all humanities.  “the science or study of myths”  “a traditional story of unknown origin to explain nature, origin, customs, etc. of a people”

3  Term coined by Carl Jung  Characters, symbols, buried assumptions passed on through the collective unconscious  Models by which people comprehend experience and cope with life  Exs. hero, outcast, angel, advocate, truth seeker

4  Birth of the Hero  Born under wondrous circumstances  Early Recognition  Fills the early need for acceptance  Great Deed  End of childhood/transition to adulthood

5  Hero’s loss of power  Their failures testify to the greatness of their lives  Modern Heroes rejected during life but celebrated in death include-Joan of Arc, Galileo

6  We still look for modern day heroes to admire  Olympians  Celebrities  Newsmakers Chelsey Sullenberger Landed his malfunctioning Plane on the Hudson River saving 155 lives

7  Language is another special kind of archetype  Magic Words  A person’s “word” can make or break their credibility  “God Bless You” after a sneeze  “Jinx” when you speak at the same time  “Abra Cadabra!”  Numbers also have significance.  7 and 3 show up in most stories, myths and fairy tales.

8  Unbroken line without a beginning or end  Used to symbolize oneness, completion, and eternity

9  Implies both purpose and a sense of destination not just randomness  Must overcome obstacles, “no pain, no gain”  Eastern Mythology is a series of happenings, not necessarily a final task  In the East, life is one thing after another, must be accepted for what it is.

10  “Would that we had never embarked on this journey; we have lost too much”  Idea of a golden age or better time  Primitivism-return to the state of Nature, led by Rousseau  Book of Genesis  Wizard of Oz  The Odyssey  King Arthur  Pilgrims searching for the New World

11  Greeks felt gods were made in human’s image (opposite of Judeo- Christian belief)  Physical perfection, attainable by certain mortals  Gods were envious of humans  In humanizing their gods, the Greeks deified themselves  Athena punished a boastful Arachne after losing a weaving competition to her, turning her into a spider

12  Myths were created to explain natural phenomena  Ex. Changing seasons  Myths were created to explain the troubles that are part of life  Death and loss

13  Creation  Seasons Changing  Human Suffering  Cursed by Fate

14  Explain values  don’t talk to strangers  Obey your parents  Work hard  Importance of Being Attractive and Rich  Cinderella  Princess and the Pea  Importance of Names  Rupelstiltskin  Affirms identities  The Dark Side  Life is not always sunny

15  What goes around, comes around  Mother Nature  They’ll think of something  All you need is love  It must be fate  Just desserts  Us versus Them  There’s always room at the top  Isn’t that just like a man/woman?  Everybody does it


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