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Vedanta Society of Iowa February 22, 2014 Introduction to Vedanta 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Vedanta Society of Iowa February 22, 2014 Introduction to Vedanta 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vedanta Society of Iowa February 22, 2014 Introduction to Vedanta 1

2 Discussion Topics  What is Vedanta?  Why study Vedanta?  How to study Vedanta?  Q&A 2

3 What is Vedanta ?  Culmination/Essence of ‘Veda’  Basis (Philosophy) of Hinduism  Defines God (Brahman) as ‘Sat-Chit-Ananda’ 3

4 Why study Vedanta?  To be eternally happy & wise  Sat-Chit-Ananda  To understand who I am  Aham Brahmasmi  To understand what this world is  Sarvam Kalvidam Brahman  To ascertain methods to achieve the goal  Sadhana Chatushtaya/Prapatti Marga/Nabadha Bhakti/4-Yogas/5- Commandments of Sri Ramakrishna etc.  To become master of oneself  Obtain sthitapragna (not buffeted by dualities)  To develop reverence for everything  Ekam Sat; Vipra vahudha badanti (all incarnation + all religion + all living & non- living manifestations ) 4

5 How to study Vedanta? 1.Anubandha-Chatushtaya ( अनुबन्ध - चतुष्टय )  4-requisites to undertake a study  Prayojana, Vishaya, Sambandha, Adhikari 2.Sadhana-Chatushtaya ( साधन - चतुष्टय )  4-means to develop qualification  Viveka, Vairagya, Sad-Sampatti, Mumukshutva 3.Shravana-Manana-Nididhysana ( श्रवण - मनन - निदिध्यासन )  3-fold process of practice  Constant Hearing, Reflecting, Meditating 5

6 Anubandha-Chatushtaya  Prayojana (’ प्रयोजन ’) – benefit/result  Atyantika – Dukha – Nivritti  Paramananda Prapti  Vishaya (’ विषय ’) – subject matter  Jiva - Brahman - Aikya  Sambandha(’ सम्बन्ध ’) – relationship  Prayojana – Vishaya – Sambandha – Adhikari  Adhikari (’ अधिकारी ’) – qualification of seeker  Chitta Ekagrata  Chitta Suddhi 6

7 Sadhana-Chatushtaya  Viveka (‘ विवेक ’)  Discrimination between Eternal and Non-Eternal  Vairagya (‘ वैराग्य ’)  Detachment from Non-Eternal  ShamAdi Sat-Sampatti (‘ शमादि शट - सम्पत्ति ’ )  Practice of Six Wealths/Treasures  Mumukshutva (‘ मुमुक्षुत्व ‘)  Longing for Liberation/Mukti 7

8 Shat-Sampatti  Shama (‘ शम ’)  detaching the mind from external stimuli  Dama (‘ दम ’)  detaching the sense organs from external stimuli  TitikShA (‘ तितिक्षा ’)  enduring afflictions without reaction  Uparati (‘ उपरति ’)  not letting the mind react  ShraddhA (‘ श्रद्धा ’)  faith in Scriptures & words of Guru  SamAdhAna(‘ समाधान ’)  one pointed focus on the Reality 8

9 Q&A 9


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