Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Migration and Integration in Malta: from Good Practices to the lack of a Policy International Conference Migration and Integration: the role of social.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Migration and Integration in Malta: from Good Practices to the lack of a Policy International Conference Migration and Integration: the role of social."— Presentation transcript:

1 Migration and Integration in Malta: from Good Practices to the lack of a Policy International Conference Migration and Integration: the role of social services Cyprus, 20 June 2014

2 Who we are & What we do: KOPIN is a Maltese non-profit and non- governmental organisation (NGO) KOPIN is a Maltese non-profit and non- governmental organisation (NGO) Our mission is to contribute actively to the alleviation of global poverty and social injustice Our mission is to contribute actively to the alleviation of global poverty and social injustice

3 KOPIN’s Operations: Migration Migration Child Rights Child Rights Development Education Development Education International Development Cooperation International Development Cooperation

4 Immigration Process Upon arrival irregular migrants are handed over to the immigration authorities Upon arrival irregular migrants are handed over to the immigration authorities Irregular migrants are subject to administrative detention, up to a maximum of 12 months for asylum seekers and of 18 months for rejected asylum seekers or people not applying for asylum Irregular migrants are subject to administrative detention, up to a maximum of 12 months for asylum seekers and of 18 months for rejected asylum seekers or people not applying for asylum Vulnerability & Age assessment carried out by AWAS – Agency for the Welfare of Asylum Seekers Vulnerability & Age assessment carried out by AWAS – Agency for the Welfare of Asylum Seekers

5 Types of Protection in Malta: Refugee Status Refugee Status Subsidiary Protection Subsidiary Protection Temporary Humanitarian Protection (THP) Temporary Humanitarian Protection (THP) Temporary Humanitarian Protection new (2010) Temporary Humanitarian Protection new (2010)

6 After detention Placement into Open Centres, managed by AWAS or other organisations (e.g. Marsa Open Centre) if granted any form of protection or recognised as vulnerable/minors Placement into Open Centres, managed by AWAS or other organisations (e.g. Marsa Open Centre) if granted any form of protection or recognised as vulnerable/minors Accommodation in Open Centres for up to 12 months, but in some cases extended Accommodation in Open Centres for up to 12 months, but in some cases extended After age assessment, unaccompanied migrant minors are issued with a Care Order (legal guardian, same rights as Maltese children) until they are 18 After age assessment, unaccompanied migrant minors are issued with a Care Order (legal guardian, same rights as Maltese children) until they are 18

7 What are the options afterwards? Moving into the community & integration (no proper policy at this point; Policy Paper from MJHA & MFSS dated back to 2005) Moving into the community & integration (no proper policy at this point; Policy Paper from MJHA & MFSS dated back to 2005) Forced Return for failed Asylum Seekers – and if Malta has a diplomatic relationship with the Country of Origin Forced Return for failed Asylum Seekers – and if Malta has a diplomatic relationship with the Country of Origin Assisted Voluntary Return (IOM) Assisted Voluntary Return (IOM) Resettlement (UNHCR Malta, IOM, US Government) Resettlement (UNHCR Malta, IOM, US Government) Relocation (European Member States) Relocation (European Member States) A number of failed Asylum Seekers remains in Malta after release from detention A number of failed Asylum Seekers remains in Malta after release from detention UNHCR Malta estimates that only 30% of all irregular migrants arrived in Malta from 2002 are still on the island UNHCR Malta estimates that only 30% of all irregular migrants arrived in Malta from 2002 are still on the island

8 Access to Services & Rights Social Welfare: Refugee Status vs Subsidiary Protection – same rights as Maltese Citizens vs Core Services Social Welfare: Refugee Status vs Subsidiary Protection – same rights as Maltese Citizens vs Core Services People enjoying Temporary Humanitarian Protection have the same rights as those under Subsidiary Protection for what concern Social Welfare – No Policy for both People enjoying Temporary Humanitarian Protection have the same rights as those under Subsidiary Protection for what concern Social Welfare – No Policy for both Education: access to information, opportunities of qualification – minors are entitled to free education, which is compulsory till the age of 16 Education: access to information, opportunities of qualification – minors are entitled to free education, which is compulsory till the age of 16 Employment: no policy limitations regarding employment; work permit required for any Third Country Nation; failed asylum seekers can work – issues legal/illegal employment Employment: no policy limitations regarding employment; work permit required for any Third Country Nation; failed asylum seekers can work – issues legal/illegal employment

9 Maltese Context Emphasis on security Emphasis on security Detention Policy Detention Policy Xenophobic Discourse Xenophobic Discourse The perception of the invasion of the Island The perception of the invasion of the Island No Integration Policy No Integration Policy Social Exclusion and Isolation Social Exclusion and Isolation

10 “The message needs to... be received by everyone that entering Malta illegally will not go unpunished” Minister of Foreign Affairs, Interview of April 2009 “is good to persuade [illegal migrants] that they have to go back home…It’s good that they contact their relatives and say, listen, don’t come to Malta because it’s terrible here” Senior Officer at MFA on Detention Policy, Interview of April 2009 From Cetta Mainwaring, Constructing a Crisis: the Role of Immigration Detention in Malta

11 “Given Malta's small size you cannot expect the government to release illegal immigrants into the streets, especially in light of increasing numbers. This would send the wrong message and spell disaster for the country... As a minister I am responsible, first and foremost, for the protection of Maltese citizens” Minister of Home Affairs, Times of Malta, April 2009

12 Malta Asylum trends ,008 individuals arrived from Libya on 24 boats 2,008 individuals arrived from Libya on 24 boats 25% declared to be children upon arrival 25% declared to be children upon arrival 63% Men 63% Men 12% Women 12% Women Around 500 individuals were detained as end Over 1,900 individuals passed through detention in Around 500 individuals were detained as end Over 1,900 individuals passed through detention in Source: UNHCR Malta

13 Malta Asylum Trends Nationalities 50% Somalia 50% Somalia Eritrea 23% Eritrea 23% Syria 8% Syria 8% Nigeria 4% Nigeria 4% Palestinians 3% Palestinians 3% Gambia 3% Gambia 3% Ghana 2% Ghana 2% Mali 2% Mali 2% Other 5% Other 5%

14 Malta Asylum Trends Protection Refugee Status 2% Refugee Status 2% Subsidiary Protection 69% Subsidiary Protection 69% THP 11% THP 11% Closed 6% Closed 6% Rejected 12% Rejected 12% 71% of all asylum seekers were granted international protection in Malta 71% of all asylum seekers were granted international protection in Malta

15 What KOPIN does ERF Project – Empowerment & Self-Reliance of Women Refugees in Malta 2011 – 2013 ERF Project – Empowerment & Self-Reliance of Women Refugees in Malta 2011 – 2013 Befriend Programme – UNHCR Befriend Programme – UNHCR Not Just Numbers Toolkit – UNHCR Not Just Numbers Toolkit – UNHCR Support within Open Centres – English, Maltese, Homework Support, etc. Support within Open Centres – English, Maltese, Homework Support, etc. Destination Unknown Campaign – Terre des Hommes International Federation Destination Unknown Campaign – Terre des Hommes International Federation Advocacy through migration NGOs Network Advocacy through migration NGOs Network Training for Midwives Training for Midwives Sexual & Reproductive Health for women and families Sexual & Reproductive Health for women and families

16 Good Practices in Malta English & Maltese language classes given to migrants by volunteers (KOPIN, Integra Foundation, OFD) English & Maltese language classes given to migrants by volunteers (KOPIN, Integra Foundation, OFD) Activities & Support in detention (Integra Foundation) Activities & Support in detention (Integra Foundation) Legal Assistance, Psycho-Social support (JRS Malta) Legal Assistance, Psycho-Social support (JRS Malta) Cultural Mediators, Education & Training (Migrant Health Unit) Cultural Mediators, Education & Training (Migrant Health Unit) Induction Centre for Third Country National children attending Maltese schools – overcome language barrier Induction Centre for Third Country National children attending Maltese schools – overcome language barrier

17 Integration Policy? Lack of comprehensive policy for integration of Third Country Nationals Lack of comprehensive policy for integration of Third Country Nationals No Government Agency responsible for the implementation of integration measures – AWAS is a ‘pre-integration’ agency No Government Agency responsible for the implementation of integration measures – AWAS is a ‘pre-integration’ agency Services provided by CSOs, ETC Services provided by CSOs, ETC No Policy on access to health & social welfare for THP & Rejected asylum seekers No Policy on access to health & social welfare for THP & Rejected asylum seekers

18 Thank you! Federica Di Giulio KOPIN Malta


Download ppt "Migration and Integration in Malta: from Good Practices to the lack of a Policy International Conference Migration and Integration: the role of social."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google