Presentation on theme: "Speaking in Small Groups. Objectives: Course Objective: Demonstrate effective communication Lesson Objectives: 1.Explain the characteristics of decision."— Presentation transcript:
Speaking in Small Groups
Objectives: Course Objective: Demonstrate effective communication Lesson Objectives: 1.Explain the characteristics of decision making 2.Describe ethics of group decision making 3.Describe roles 4.Explain group tension 5.Name the common formats
What are your experiences in working in small groups?
Decision Making Group Definition: a collection of there or more individual who share some problem and common goal. Critical Elements: Size of group (3-10) Mutual influence (affect & influence each other) Goal orientation (common need)
Groups are everywhere. Name groups that you have been involved with.
Need for Small Groups 1.Groups provide more resources than individuals 2.Groups can control errors better than individuals 3.Quality is superior to individuals
Ethics of Decision Making Groups 1.Do your best 2.Behave rationally 3.Play fair 4.Listen carefully 5.Participate fully
Leadership Helps indentify & understand problem Keeps team on tasks Guide members Communicate & provide ideas
Participation Individually – on pages , Name three of the roles that you have done in a group. Describe how you performed the role Teams of three: Discuss your results (similar or different) How the different roles aid in decision making
Roles (group task) Initiator-controller Information seeker Information giver Opinion seeker Opinion giver Elaborator-clarifier Coordinator Diagnostician Orienter-summarizer Energizer Procedure developer Secretary Evaluator-critic
How do you know when the group is breaking down & members are not satisfied?
Problems with member satisfaction Three factors to consider: Perceived progress toward group goal Perceived freedom to participate Status consensus
What to do with conflict… 1.Stay in the present (search for solutions – NO blaming) 2.Separate the problem from the person 3.Talk about yourself, not another person 4.Look for solution in small steps 5.Work for an agreement
Groupthink How to avoid: Assign a critical evaluator Leaders wait to give preferences Establish trust (to disagree) Invite outsiders Assign a devil’s advocate Set aside time to evaluate if groupthink is happening
Questions to ask for decision making 1.Does everyone agree with the nature of the problem? 2.What would be the ideal solution? 3.Which conditions could be changed to achieve the ideal solution? 4.Of the available solutions, which one is the closest to the ideal solution?
Presenting a Group’s Findings State purpose early Preview main points Present analysis of the problem & criteria for solution Describe the solution (support with evidence) Summarize Ask for acceptance
Formats for Groups Round table Symposium Panel discussion Forum Colloquium Whole-house
For your information Persuasive essay – due Dec 8 Critical Thinking Portfolio – due Dec 8 Extra credit – due Dec 10 FINAL is Dec 15 from 10-12
Oral Communication Explain the importance of an audience-centered speech Name the purposes of a speech Develop an effective presentation
Speechmaking Process Select & narrow topic Determine purpose Develop central idea Generate main ideas Gather supporting material Organize speech Rehearse speech Deliver speech Consider the Audience
Think about the audience throughout your speech!
Step 1: select & narrow your topic Questions to consider: Who is the audience? What is the occasion? What are my interests, talents & experiences? What are the parameters of the assignment?
Step 2: Determine Your Purpose To inform To persuade To entertain General Purpose At the end of my presentation, the audience will… The purpose of my speech is to persuade the audience… Specific Purpose
Step 3: Develop your central idea Topic: General purpose: Specific purpose: Central idea: Questions: 1.Does the central idea have logical divisions? 2.Can you support the central idea? 3.Can you provide reasons (examples) for the central idea?
Step 4: Generate main ideas After you have the Central Idea – generate Key Points. Questions: 1.Does the central idea have logical divisions? 2.Can you support the central idea? 3.Can you provide reasons (examples) for the central idea?
Step 6: Organize Your speech Topic: General purpose: Specific purpose: Central idea: Introduction (capture audience, preview main points, & tell audience what to expect) Body (major idea & supporting idea with supporting items) Conclusion (summarize & restate central idea)
Step 7: Rehearse Your Speech Practice, Practice, Practice Eye contact Volume Style Mannerisms
Step 8: Deliver Your speech Your FINAL is an individual speech 3 minutes using PowerPoint Present what you have learned in UI100 May include: reasons for choosing SE; major: value of a liberal education; FOCUS; career planning; academic planning; reflection essays; personality; learning style; critical thinking; written communication; oral communication; strengths & future endeavors Relate what you have learned in class!!!
For your information Extra credit – due Dec 10 FINAL is Dec 15 from 10-12