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Threat Independent Protection System Christer Zätterqvist October 18 2010 M-00015364 issue A An active countermeasure system for helicopter applications.

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Presentation on theme: "Threat Independent Protection System Christer Zätterqvist October 18 2010 M-00015364 issue A An active countermeasure system for helicopter applications."— Presentation transcript:

1 Threat Independent Protection System Christer Zätterqvist October M issue A An active countermeasure system for helicopter applications

2 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION The objective Complete the mission objectives Achieve the same amount of landings as take-offs… Survivability Increased Aircraft Combat Survivability (P S ) Susceptibility to threats (P H ) Maximizing P S = 1 - P H P K | H (1- Susceptibility * Vulnerability) Increased likelihood for mission success

3 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION The problem A plethora of threats Small arms IR IR imaging RF Laser Multi-mode CLOS LLTV Wire Radio Unguided AIED …

4 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Known threats MANPADS (SA-7, SA-14, SA-16, SA-18, Stinger, Mistral, HN-5, FN-6) IR AAM (AIM-9, AIM-132, IRIS-T, AA-8, AA-11) IR SAM (SA-9, SA-13) RF AAM (AIM-7, AIM-120, AA-9, AA-12) RF SAM (Command typ, SA-2, SA-3, SA-4, SA-5, SA-6, SA-8, SA-10, SA-15) IR/RF AAM (also IR/SARH Semi Active Radar Homing, AA-2, AA-6, AA-7, AA-10 CLOS (LLTV, Wire (RBS56, Bill), Radar (RBS23, Bamse), Radio Beam riders (RBS70/90, Starstreak) AT/RPG (AT4, Carl Gustav, RPG-7)

5 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION MANPADS gen. 1 IR AAM gen. 1 IR SAM RF AAM RF SAM CLOS BR AT/RPG IR/SARH AAM MANPADS gen. 2 MANPADS gen. 3 MANPADS gen. 4 IR AAM gen. 3 IR AAM gen. 2 Difficulty to decoy Threat technology IR AAM gen. 4 Decoys possibleNon-decoy technology required Current capability Known threats

6 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION MANPADS

7 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Less known or emerging threats AIED Known attacks using AIED Envisioned to become more and more used as consumer electronics becomes more and more capable, sample components;

8 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AIED Difficulty to decoy Threat technology AIED

9 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION AIED, a design example Verbal description

10 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION The problem in a nutshell A plethora of existing and emerging threats Limited knowledge of installed seeker/guidance technology Unguided threats do not respond to decoys Proliferation of developed weapons Development trend of consumer electronics

11 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Downed helicopters in Iraq 1 68 helicopters lost to insurgent fire, resulting in 201 fatalities [1] Source; The Brookings Institution, Iraq Index October 1, 2007

12 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Actions Preventive / Tactical Arms control Port and border security Tactics Flying tactics and operating procedures Speed / altitude Situational awareness ConOps Technical Hardening of structure Ruggedized airframe Blast protection Signature reduction System redundancy Countermeasures Survivability = 1- (Susceptibility * Vulnerability) Layers of protection

13 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Analysis, threat matrix Analysis of common threat characteristics Highly transportable Designed to fly… On-board propellant Similar physical attributes Similar kinetic energy

14 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Analysis, proliferated threats

15 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Result of analysis A CMDS is needed to address the plethora of current, emerging and future threats Use knowledge of common threat characteristics No such system exists today for flying platforms

16 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS, the idea To physically counter incoming threats regardless of guidance technology, if at all present....

17 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Threat characteristics Counter threats with the following characteristics Portable by a single person Speed:84 – 600 m/s Mass:1,9 – 10,8 kg Body/warhead diameter:4 – 10,5 cm Altitude:0 – 3500 m Range to shooter:xx – 5000 m

18 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Threat characteristics Threats smaller than 4 cm = HFI Angle/sector indication Range indication

19 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS, one system – all threats System functions Detect Launch Intercept Defeat

20 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS, one system – all threats System functions Detect Radar Short range High resolution 360° coverage Installed on the platform Launch Intercept Defeat

21 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS, one system – all threats System functions Detect Launch A directional launcher Azimuth and elevation Directed towards the incoming threat Launch of counter-projectile Sector inhibit function Intercept Defeat

22 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS, one system – all threats System functions Detect Launch Intercept Counter Projectile Short range Guided towards the incoming threat using own platform guidance data Defeat

23 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS, one system – all threats System functions Detect Launch Intercept Defeat Defeat mechanism The threat defeat mechanism is activated at a suitable distance from the incoming threat Remote or proximity activated Preferably non-explosive

24 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS system building blocks ADC Display Launcher SPU Radar sensor Sensor Controller Counter Projectile(s) Datalink Discrete signal Wireless datalink Wireless Transceiver TDCUTactical Display & Control Unit ADCActive Defense Controller SPUSafety Pin Unit

25 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS system building blocks

26 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION TIPS connected to existing CMDS

27 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Simulation

28 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Sample installation, Super Puma

29 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Conclusion Investigation shows it is possible to develop a system capable of defeating targeted threats Will affect platform ConOps Development cost is significant

30 SAAB PROPRIETARY INFORMATION Questions?

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