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Population Estimates Jonathan Swan, ONS Mid-year population estimates The ONS mid-year population estimates: ●At national level for England, Wales ●At.

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Presentation on theme: "Population Estimates Jonathan Swan, ONS Mid-year population estimates The ONS mid-year population estimates: ●At national level for England, Wales ●At."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Population Estimates Jonathan Swan, ONS

3 Mid-year population estimates The ONS mid-year population estimates: ●At national level for England, Wales ●At subnational level, for regions and local areas: including government office regions (GORs), strategic health authorities (SHAs) and local authorities (LAs) ●By single year of age (to 90+) and sex ●Annually one year in arrears (mid-2005 were published on 24 August 2006) ●Estimate the population as at 30 June

4 Other Products ●Primary care organisation (PCO) estimates ●Marital status estimates ●Household population estimates (experimental) ●Quarterly population estimate (experimental) ●Small area population estimates (experimental) ●Ethnic population estimates (experimental) ●National population projections ●Subnational population projections Currently looking at new population definitions, such as daytime population, weekday population.

5 Key uses of Population Estimates ●Base for the population projections that are used for local government resource allocation ●Also used as denominators in resource allocation ●Planning by central and local government e.g. services for the elderly ●Monitoring - used mainly as denominators in rates and ratios e.g. fertility and mortality rates ●Grossing up survey results e.g. Labour Force Survey ●Research by academics and others ●Commercial Usage

6 Population Estimates - Methods ●Cohort component method: P t = P t-1 + B t - D t + I t Population = Base (aged on) + Births - Deaths + net Migration l Most recent Census as the base (adjusted), l Then update annually by adding births, subtracting deaths and allowing for net migration l National and subnational, “top down”.

7 Methods (contd) – Static Populations ●These are sub-populations that don’t ‘age-on’ and are not covered by our estimates of Internal and/or international migration –Armed Forces, Prisoners, School Boarders Method ●Remove these sub-populations (previous year) ●Age on rest of population ●Add in new sub-populations (current year)

8 Cohort Component Method - National Population = Base (aged on) + Births - Deaths + Net Internal migration (cross-border flows) + Change in home armed forces in country (UKAF, HAF, Overseas families) + Change in foreign armed forces in country (FAF, FAF dependents) + Net International migration (IPS, VS, AS, MS, Eire)

9 Cohort Component Method - Subnational Population = Base (aged on) + Births - Deaths + Net Internal migration + Change in school boarders + Change in prisoners + Change in home armed forces (HAF only) + Change in foreign armed forces (FAF, FAF dep) + Net International migration (IPS, VS, AS, MS, Eire) + Boundary adjustment + Reconciliation Adjustment

10 Data Sources l Census - base and used for distributions l Registration data - births, deaths l NHSCR and GP Patient Registers - internal migration l International Passenger Survey – international migration l Home Office - Asylum Seeker data l DASA - Armed Forces l US Army, Navy, and Air Force - Foreign Armed Forces l DfES/ WAG –Boarding Schools l Home Office - Prisoners

11 Internal Migration - Definitions Definition ●A person who changes their place of usual residence within the United Kingdom ●Internal migration is measured by looking at GP re-registrations ●An Internal migrant is someone who –notifies their current GP of a change of address or –registers with a new GP in a different area from their previous GP

12 Internal Migration - Points to note Reliant on registration with doctor Possibly differing propensity to register Time period is end July to end July (one month delay in registering allowed) Armed forces and (currently) prisoners excluded

13 International Migration – Overview 1 Total International Migration (TIM) estimates =International Passenger Survey migration data –Migrant Switcher adjustment +Visitor Switcher adjustment +Asylum Seeker adjustment +Irish flows

14 International Migration – Overview 2 Migrant Switchers IPS Migrants Visitor Switchers Asylum Seeker Adjustment Irish Flows Total International Migration

15 International Passenger Survey (IPS) ●Continuous voluntary sample survey ●Conducted by ONS since 1964 ●Tourism, balance of payments and migration ●Principle air, sea & Channel Tunnel routes ●Approximately 0.2% of all travellers sampled - immigration filter shifts increase sample size ●Based on intentions for ‘Length of Stay’

16 Proportion of inflows by UK countries/ English GORs

17 IPS Central Tendency in the North East

18 Description of improved methodology (UK to GOR/Country) ●Calibration methodology developed for using LFS distributions to allocate IPS in-migrants at GOR/country level

19 Description of improved methodology (new intermediate geography) ●Group ‘positive’ central tendency LAs with surrounding LAs ●Not all LAs have positive central tendency or surround one that does ● Group remaining LAs to achieve a minimum number of contacts ● A ‘new migration geography’ created for all LAs in England & Wales outside London

20 IPS Intermediate Geography for London

21 Description of improved methodology (new intermediate geography - London) ●Country of birth used as basis for grouping ●Cluster analysis used to group ●Aim of grouping together areas which share similar stocks of people born in different parts of the world ●Students treated separately ●Distributed directly from GOR to LA using Census data on usual address one year ago

22 Description of improved methodology (age-sex distribution at LA level) ●Currently a national IPS age-sex distribution is applied at LA level ●However, the age distributions for immigrants vary between LAs Improved methodology : ●Cluster LAs together sharing similar age distributions ●The centroid (average) age distribution is applied to each LA in that cluster ●Six age distribution types identified separately for males and females

23 Six cluster centroid age distributions produced for female immigrants

24 New International Out Migrant Model Published IPS Wales/GOR Published IPS national total 3 Year IPS average to apportion GOR Propensity to Migrate model to apportion NIGs New Intermediate Geography (NIG)

25 Examples of New Intermediate Geography: North East and South East

26 Propensity to Migrate Model Uses linear regression to predict the number of migrants per head of population. Uses entry selection method to select from 111 socio, economic, and demographic variables. Used to apportion from New Intermediate Geography to local authority level. Significant improvement in model fit –R 2 increases from 42% to 89.5%

27 Visitor and Migrant Switchers ●Migrant Switchers (Subtracted): –Persons who state the intention (in the IPS) to stay in the destination country for more than a year but who actually leave sooner. ●Visitor Switchers (Added): –Persons who enter (or leave) the UK as visitors, but subsequently extend their visit to 12 months or longer.

28 Task Force ●Placeholder

29 Future Work Programme ●Placeholder

30 Short Term Migrants – Slide under development ●Definition of Long-term ●Definitions of Short Term ●Consultation

31 Integrated Population Statistics System ●This is essentially a population register ●Linking various administrative and other data sources ●Removing the need for a Census, or something as extensive as the Census ●Dependent on initiatives such as ID cards, and removing some of the restrictions on sharing data across government

32 How to have an Impact (slide under development) ●Write to us: ●Raise your issues through LGA to Discuss at the Central Local information Partnership (CLiP) Population Sub Group ●Attend the May Seminars ●Respond to Consultations –Short-term Migrants ●Invite us to Groups – and contribute ●Publish Research (Population Trends, BSPS Conferences etc.)

33 For further information: See: Making a Population Estimate Contact Population Estimates Unit : tel: Visit the NS website: and


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