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TACKLING MODERN SLAVERY. THE ESSENTIAL FACTS Our Mission René Cassin is a human rights charitable organisation that uses historical Jewish experience.

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Presentation on theme: "TACKLING MODERN SLAVERY. THE ESSENTIAL FACTS Our Mission René Cassin is a human rights charitable organisation that uses historical Jewish experience."— Presentation transcript:

1 TACKLING MODERN SLAVERY

2 THE ESSENTIAL FACTS Our Mission René Cassin is a human rights charitable organisation that uses historical Jewish experience and positive Jewish values to campaign and educate on universal human rights issues such as discrimination, detention and genocide. Who was René Cassin? The organisation is named in honour of René Cassin, a French Jew and Nobel Laureate who was one of the principal co-drafters of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. René Cassin on the International Stage Through the CCJO, René Cassin enjoys accreditation at the United Nations, and interventions made by René Cassin are presented in CCJO's name. The organisation uses this accreditation to vocalise Jewish values within the international human rights community.

3 Recent Activities René Cassin recently: co-founded and worked collaboratively with the Detention Forum to campaign successfully to end child detention in the UK; worked in conjunction with the UK Government to provide input from within the Jewish community on proposed human rights legislation. Our input was well received by Parliamentarians and played an important role in the campaign to retain the Human Rights Act; and produced the Detention Toolkit, which will empower aspiring activists with the tools necessary to promote fair treatment of asylum seekers in the UK.

4 Advocacy and Campaigns René Cassin runs a campaign to challenge aspects of the policy concerning detention of asylum seekers, including indefinite detention and detention of vulnerable subjects. We campaign to draw awareness to widespread discrimination occurring throughout Europe against the Gypsy and Traveller communities. René Cassin is involved in work to end slavery and collaborates with organisations such as ATZUM to this end. We are also producing a ‘Haggadah resource’ which will empower supporters to actively engage in and assist our campaign. We will be continuing to maintain relationships with Parliamentarians and officials in our four core policy areas so that we may offer a Jewish voice on human rights issues.

5 Education and Training René Cassin offers a year-long Activist Enrichment Programme (‘AEP’) to develop young professionals into committed and knowledgeable human rights campaigners. We also hold regular Human Rights Training Days, and Human Rights Shabbatot. Our Rights Respecting Schools Project - targets school students and is delivered in cooperation with the United Nations Children’s Fund (‘UNICEF’).

6 Why You Should Get Involved René Cassin is uniquely placed to educate and campaign on human rights issues that other larger organisations are unable to effectively address. Our organisation offers a range of educational programs, activities, events and initiatives that provide participants with an understanding of contemporary human rights issues and empower them to actively address those issues both domestically and on an international level. Through our relationship with the CCJO and the UN, we are also able to offer our supporters an opportunity to liaise with high profile and authoritative voices on human rights issues and to make a difference in those areas which are the focus of our campaigns. Finally, it is our duty as Jewish people to draw upon our historical experience and values in the drive to promote and protect the human rights of all people.

7 Modern slaves are people who are: Forced to work without pay Under the threat of violence and unable to walk away Unlike slavery in the ancient world, today’s slaves are not usually bought and sold in public, and they are rarely held in chains 1.5 billion people live on less than $1 a day Which means that modern slaves are cheap, and can be easily replaced MODERN SLAVERY

8 What is slavery? The illegal and forcible exploitation of people for little to no pay, bondage, deprivation of the right to leave circumstances of virtual imprisonment, and being subject to the control of another. The concept of slavery, though age old, transcends time and conditions and slavery continues to exist today. Three trends supporting the huge rise in slavery today: –an exponential increase in the world’s population, primarily in the developing world; –accelerated urban growth, rapid social and economic change and an influx of an agrarian population into urban city centres away from their traditional social support network; and –government corruption and complicity in trafficking offenses. These three factors have converged to create a hospitable climate for slaveholders. While there are a host of international and national laws in place to combat slavery, the reality is worrying: slaves are cheaper to have today than they were in the colonial era in the American South.

9 People who are poor and desperate can be tricked into debt bondage or may be captured and forced to work in houses, on farms, as soldiers or even as prostitutes. Slaves can be replaced easily when they are too ill or old to work as there are many more people who can be tricked into working for nothing. Huge profits are made by today’s slave holders. The total yearly profit created by slaves is around $14 billion. In places like India and Nepal where there is an unstable economy and mass poverty, human slaves can cost just £10!

10 Different types of Slavery: Modern slavery takes on many forms. The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has identified the following forms of slavery: –chattel slavery, where the enslaver has complete power over the life and liberty of the slave; –debt bondage, where migrant workers used as forced labour as a form of repayment for a loan; –human trafficking, which involves transporting people away from their home and coercing them into work via deception or violence; –serfdom, where serfs labour under landowners in exchange for the right to work on the fields of the landowners; –child labour and servitude, where underage children are forced to work in contravention of the law for little or no pay; –forced labour, where people are illegally recruited to work under threat of violence; and –forced marriage, when women are forced into lives of indentured servitude and live in fear of violence and aggression.

11 Slavery is a fundamental violation of human dignity –Slavery isn’t limited to poor countries. –There are many different types of situations that amount to conditions of slavery. –In Israel, there are a growing number of women from Russia and the Ukraine who find themselves caught up in sex work. This is an example of modern day slavery in a developed country.

12 Child slavery case study Shortly after Iqbal Masih was born in a small village in rural Pakistan, his father abandoned the family. Iqbal's mother struggled to support her children as a housecleaner, but could not. When he was four years old, Iqbal was sold for $16 into bonded labour at a carpet factory. He worked 12 hours a day and was horribly undernourished and beaten by the foreman many times. Iqbal's story reflects the lives of over 200 million children around the world who have been forced to give up school, sports, play and sometimes even their families and homes to work under dangerous, harmful, and abusive conditions. Many children labourers work in dangerous or exploitative conditions. They are often kidnapped, bought or forced to enter the sex market. As of 2004, there were 218 million children working under slave conditions (Free The Children).

13 People trafficking Occurs when individuals are taken away from their homes to other areas where they are forced to work. These workers lack the same rights as those who inhabit the countries they have been trafficked into. They have no protection from the law and are forced to work illegally without being able to see their friends and families.

14 “Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever. The yearning for freedom eventually manifests itself. The Bible tells the thrilling story of how Moses stood in Pharaoh’s court centuries ago and cried, ‘Let my people go.’ This is a kind of opening chapter in a continuing story.” Martin Luther King, Nobel Lecture 1964 Incorporating modern slavery into the Pesach Seder: Ma Nishtana ‘Why are we making tonight different?’ An important element of Ma Nishtana is that it affords us the freedom to ask. To encourage the free flow of questions, some medieval Rabbis added new customs to their sederim. We should emulate this by incorporating questions and facts about modern day slavery into our seder.

15 Coalition partners At René Cassin, a lot of our campaign work is carried out in coalition with other non-governmental organisations operating in the campaign area. For instance, we work collaboratively with the following organisations in our work to tackle modern slavery: Free the Slaves Rabbis for Human Rights Anti-Slavery International Not for Sale Campaign IAbolish Atzum

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17 How To Get Involved There are constant opportunities to contribute to René Cassin’s work in a meaningful way. You may volunteer on any one of our variety of campaigns and projects; show support by attending our events; make a financial contribution; or assist us in our fundraising activities. Please Simone Abel at a short statement about your background and interests and she will be in touch to discuss how you can become involved in the organisation’s work.

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