Presentation on theme: "Refugee and Internally- Displaced Children Youth Advocate Program International 4000 Albermarle St. NW, Suite 401 Washington DC 20016, USA www.yapi.org."— Presentation transcript:
Refugee and Internally- Displaced Children Youth Advocate Program International 4000 Albermarle St. NW, Suite 401 Washington DC 20016, USA www.yapi.org (http://www.fast4swat.net/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=3&cntnt01returnid=15)
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Who is a Refugee? What is the different between a Refugee and an Internally-Displaced Person (IDP)? What rights do Refugees have? Where are there Refugees in the world? What do you know?
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children In Focus Mia Farrow's Darfuri Photo Gallery/child_refugee_Darfur.jpg Refugee Girl from Darfur
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children A refugee is a person who “owing to a well- founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion is outside the country of his [her] nationality and is unable or… is unwilling to avail himself [herself] of the protection of that country.” Who is a Refugee? Source: UNHCR 1951 Convention http://www.unhcr.org/49c8a8d62.html
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Internally-displaced persons have had to flee their homes and cities of residence in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters. Internally-displaced persons, by definition, have not crossed an internationally recognized state border. Who is internally-displaced? Source: UNHCR Asylum-Seekers: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c137.html
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Asylum-seekers are different from refugees in that they have not yet been granted refugee status in the country that they have escaped to. Who is an Asylum Seeker? Source: UNHCR Asylum-Seekers: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c137.html Photo credit: Christoph & Friends www.das-fotoarchiv.com/e_index.htm
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Developing countries are host to nearly 4/5 of the world’s refugees. Children and adolescents make up nearly half of the world’s refugee population, over 17 million children. Refugee and IDP children are among the most vulnerable to exploitation, victimization, and violence. Basic Facts Source: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/06/0619_030618_refugeechildren.htmll
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children The 1951 Refugee Convention grants refugees the right to: ◦ Freedom of religion ◦ Freedom of movement ◦ The right to work ◦ The right to education ◦ Accessibility to travel documents ◦ The host government is held responsible for protecting refugees and should never force them to return to a country where they fear persecution. Refugee Rights Source: UNHCR UN Refugee Agency: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49da0e466.html
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Refugee children are especially vulnerable as they depend on the protection of their parents from whom they are often separated during a major conflict. Refugee children often do not have adequate drinking water, health care, education, or shelter. They are at a greater risk of being recruited into armed forces or forced labor Ex. Children make up approximately 46% 1.5 million people displaced by the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Children in refugee camps may suffer from malnutrition and are at risk for sexual exploitation and trafficking. By October, 2010, traffickers had smuggled more than 7,300 children out of Haiti. Challenges Faced by Refugee & IDP Children Source: Haitian Cholera, a Deterrent to Child Trafficking: http://www.rhrealitycheck.org/node/15155
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Major Countries of Origin Source: http://www.unhcr.org/4c11f0be9.htmlmll
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Countries hosting Refugees Source: http://www.unhcr.org/4c11f0be9.htmlmll
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Educate Educate yourself about Refugee and Internally-Displaced Children. Contact Contact local, state, and national politicians for information about Refugees and IDPs. ◦ Write letters asking for their opinion on Refugees and IDPs Talk Talk to your parents about Refugees and IDPs. ◦ Educate the adults in your life! Advocate Advocate for Refugees and IDPs awareness! ◦ Begin a social awareness/human rights club What can you do?
Refugee & Internally-Displaced Children Human Rights Watch: Refugees http://www.hrw.org/en/category /topic/refugees UN High Commissioner On Refugees (UNHCR) http://www.unhcr.org/cgi- bin/texis/vtx/home For More Information Refugees International http://www.refugeesinternation al.org/ U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) http://www.ice.gov/ Youth Advocate Program International www.yapi.org