The Study Telephone survey September 3- December 2, 2009 1,776 interviews Pulaski County adult residents (age 18+)
Data from respondents were divided into four groups
(zip code) Geography Geo-racial group (race) Racial
Four Geo-racial groups LR-whites White respondents living within the city limits of Little Rock LR-blacks Black respondents living within the city limits of Little Rock OLR-whites White respondents living outside the city limits of Little Rock OLR-blacks Black respondents living outside the city limits of Little Rock
Landline Only avg. 64 yrs 14% Cell Phone Only avg. 44 yrs Landline and Cell phone avg. 55 yrs 86%
Cell Phone Only 43% Landline and Cell phone 57% Cell Phone Respondents
It has been reported that some police officers or security guards stop people of certain racial or ethnic groups because these officials believe that these groups are more likely than others to commit certain types of crimes. Prevalence of Racial Profiling ?
For each of the following situations, please say if you think this practice, known as "racial profiling," is widespread, or not? How about... When motorists are stopped on roads and highways? When shoppers in malls or stores are questioned about possible theft? ?
Blacks are much more likely than whites to believe racial profiling is widespread.
Blacks are 17 to 18 percent less likely to say racial profiling is widespread in traffic stops now than they were five years ago.
Percentages who believe racial profiling is widespread when motorists are stopped
Percentages who believe racial profiling is widespread when shoppers are questioned about possible theft
Do you think it is ever justified for police to use racial or ethnic profiling... - when motorists are stopped on roads and highways - when attempting to prevent theft in shopping malls or stores... or is it never justified? ?
The majority of respondents believe racial profiling is never justified in the situations addressed by the survey. Whites are more likely than blacks to think racial profiling is justified.
Percentages who believe racial profiling is justified when motorists are stopped
Overall, how would you describe the problem of crime in the neighborhood where you live – is it extremely serious, very serious, moderately serious, not too serious, or not serious at all? Severity of Neighborhood Crime ?
The majority of respondents believe the problem of crime is “not too serious” or “not at all serious” in their neighborhoods.
More blacks than whites perceive crime in their neighborhoods as a serious problem. Blacks: 13 to 19 percent Whites: 5 to 9 percent rate crime as “very serious” or “extremely serious” in their neighborhood
What do you think is the biggest single crime problem in your neighborhood? Types of Neighborhood Crime ?
The categories of crime most often mentioned as neighborhood crime problems were: - break-ins (25%) - theft (25%) - sale/use illegal drugs (19%)
Would you be afraid to walk alone in your neighborhood at night? Two-thirds or more of respondents would not be afraid to walk alone in their neighborhoods at night. ?
Percentages who would be afraid to walk alone in their neighborhood at night
Are you afraid to be in your home alone at night? 90 percent of respondents are not afraid to be alone in their homes at night. ?
Civil Rights, Race Relations, and Discrimination Civil Rights, Race Relations, and Discrimination
Differences in Treatment in the Community Civil Rights and Race Relations Discrimination
Changes in Civil Rights for Blacks Changes in Civil Rights for Blacks
Thinking back over your lifetime, how have civil rights for blacks changed in Pulaski County? Would you say the situation has greatly improved, somewhat improved, stayed the same, somewhat worsened, or greatly worsened? ?
The majority of respondents believe civil rights for blacks have improved in Pulaski County.
Whites are more likely to say civil rights have improved “greatly” while blacks are more likely to say civil rights have improved “somewhat.”
Perceptions of Relations between Racial Groups Perceptions of Relations between Racial Groups
Would you say relations between whites and blacks are very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad, or very bad? ?
90 percent of respondents rate relations between whites and blacks as “somewhat good” or “very good.”
Integration Exposure Interaction Community integration Themes: Ways to Improve Race Relations
If blacks and whites were together in more situations and lived more closely together and knew each other on a friendly basis, that would make the difference... if people were less separated in schools, neighborhoods, and the workplace, and talked together more. White Female, 57 years old
Respect & Tolerance Looking beyond race Acceptance & open-mindedness End racist language & behavior Themes: Ways to Improve Race Relations
People need to look at the inside of people not the outside, we don’t need to stereotype, just talk to someone of a different race. White Male, 37 years old We're all people who make mistakes, all have the same desires. People in general should tend to get along and stop looking at the skin color. Black Male, 62 years old
Communication Discussion & dialog Talk about race Talk with other races Themes: Ways to Improve Race Relations
Communication is the only way for things to become tolerable. Black Female, 62 years old Don’t be afraid to talk about race. Bring it up to date. Move into the future. Black Female, 46 years old
Education Diversity teaching & training Civil rights & black history Learning about other cultures Themes: Ways to Improve Race Relations
Get to know more about different ethnic backgrounds and the history and knowledge of other cultures. Black female, 36 years old Education, public information; people standing up and saying something. White female, 58 years old
Enlist the help of local media to promote better race relations, for example by holding interactive call-in shows on relevant issues. Practical Suggestions: Ways to Improve Race Relations
Get speakers with personal experience of problematic racial issues to address diverse groups across all economic classes and educational backgrounds. Practical Suggestions: Ways to Improve Race Relations
Establish a call center or crisis line people can contact when they face difficult issues. Practical Suggestions: Ways to Improve Race Relations
Have “culture swap” programs, where people from differing backgrounds can have direct experience of each other’s lives or jobs. Practical Suggestions: Ways to Improve Race Relations