Presentation on theme: "Cody Jordan Curtis Justis Kristen Uhrin. The lottery was used to establish a draft order that was based off of a man’s birthday. The draft was used."— Presentation transcript:
The lottery was used to establish a draft order that was based off of a man’s birthday. The draft was used to enlist eligible men (ages 19-26) to fill vacancies in the armed forces that could not get volunteers. If men were enrolled in college, they were able to avoid the draft and the war.
The men with the lower draft numbers were more likely to get drafted, in turn were also more likely to attend college. This increased college enrollment, but later declined during the war.
Men who were homosexual. A way to avoid the draft was called “faking faggotry,” pretending to be gay. African Americans were included in the draft, and made up 12.6% of soldiers. Women were not allowed on the battlefield but served as nurses.
Who: College Students, Veterans, African Americans, Homosexuals, and other Minorities. What: Burned draft cards, protests rallies, marches, remaining in college, fleeing to Canada. Where: On college campuses, recruiting stations, capital cities. Why: To speak out against the war. How: Picket signs, marches, meetings, boycotts.
March 9 th, 1965 the first platoon of American soldiers arrive in Vietnam As the war continued, generals asked for more troops using the draft on December 1 st, 1965. Nixon kept men overseas so that he would have a better chance of getting reelected.
As unpopularity rose with the war (protests, controversies, etc.) Nixon had to make progress to withdrawal troops. Jan 27 th, 1973 draft ended. Aug 9 th, 1974 Richard Nixon resigns due to controversy. April 29 th, 1975 last Americans are out of Vietnam marking the end of the war.