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Arup Dasgupta Managing Editor, Geospatial World. India’s Geospatial Legacy Survey of India set up in 1767 Geological Survey of India set up in 1851 Cadastral.

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Presentation on theme: "Arup Dasgupta Managing Editor, Geospatial World. India’s Geospatial Legacy Survey of India set up in 1767 Geological Survey of India set up in 1851 Cadastral."— Presentation transcript:

1 Arup Dasgupta Managing Editor, Geospatial World

2 India’s Geospatial Legacy Survey of India set up in 1767 Geological Survey of India set up in 1851 Cadastral Mapping started by Survey of India. Responsibility handed over to States in 1904 Indian Forest Act Forest survey of India set up in 1981 © Royal Geographical Society 2

3 3 The Canvas of Innovation Organisation Capabilities Competencies Processes Culture External Forces TrajectoriesAlignment Past Decisions Future Choices

4 4 How Innovation Happens Look at organisations as living systems Innovation is evolutionary The phases in remote sensing show a life cycle approach involving the co-evolution of the organisation, technology & industry Choosing the right technology during a transition period enables the organisation to catch up and even become a world leader If such catching up pressures are driven by unique country specific needs the chances of radical innovations are higher Having caught up the trajectory follow predictable paths

5 Points of Geospatial Transition Time Performance measure Technology A: Scanner Technology B: CCD Limit of technology A Limit of technology B 5

6 First Operational Use ISRO interprets Landsat imagery to show reduction in forest cover FSI disputes findings and begins State of Indian Forests Report 1987 report acknowledges “satellite imagery shows good forest cover … is one third of extent of forest cover envisaged in National Forest Policy” 6

7 NNRMS Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission – 1985 Wasteland Mapping Mission 2000,2003, 2006 FASAL Integrated Mission for Sustainable Development 7

8 MAP UNIT ROCK TYPE & GEOLOGICAL SEQUENCE GEOMORPHIC UNIT/LANDFORM RECHARGE CONDITIONS NATURE OF THE UNIT TYPE OF WELLS SUITABLE PROBABLE DEPTH RANGE OF WELLS EXPECTED YIELD RANGE OF WELLS RUNOFF ZONES NC VILLAGE PROBABLE SUCCESS RATE OF WELLS REFERENCE NO. OF OBSERVATION WELLS GROUND WATER IRRIGATED AREA RECHARGE STRUCTURE SUITABLE PROBLEMS/LIMITATIONS /REMARKS INFORMATION CONTENT IN THE MAP PROBLEM AREA YIELD RANGE EXCELLENT >200 lpm GOOD lpm MODERATE lpm LIMITED lpm POOR <20 lpm NIL DEPTH RANGE SHALLOW <20 m MODERATE m DEEP >80 m FRACTURE ZONES GROUND WATER IRRIGATED AREA FRACTURE/LINEAMENT GEOLOGICAL/GEOMORPHOLOGICAL BOUNDARIES RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL DRINKING WATER MISSION GROUND WATER PROSPECTS MAP - PARTS OF CHITRADURGA DISTRICT, KARNATAKA

9 ACREAGE Forcasting Agricultural output using Space, Agrometeorology & Land based observations (FASAL) F O R E C A S T S D E C I S I O N R U L E S ECONOMETRIC WEATHER FIELD SURVEY MULTIDATE COARSE RESOLUTION HIGH RESOLUTION CROPPED AREA CROP ASSES- SMENT YIELD FORE- CASTS EARLYMIDLATE National Wheat Forecast ‘FASAL’ - RESULTS 72.9 Mt 73 Mt FORECASTFORECAST ACTUALACTUAL

10 GIS for Township Development Enterprise Resource Planning Customer Relations Management Supplier Relations Management Tracking GIS Document Management Project Management Land Title Asset Management Access Portal IT Infrastructure

11 Enterprise Resources Planning

12 Issues Geospatial systems are mainly government funded and owned Geospatial applications by industry for industry are few and far between Deterring factors Policies Loss of IP Policies are not affecting foreign entities like Google 12

13 Growth Drivers Big spenders – Defence and NTRO Major public sector projects R-APDRP NLRMP JNNRUM All seek to make geospatial systems a part of the overall IT solution Investment in the order of Rs million in But progress is slow 13

14 Promises NSDI Started in 2000 Government approval 2006 Geoportal established in 2008 but not being populated GML schema ready Metadata standards ready Independent portals coming up Bhuvan State Government portals National GIS of Planning Commission Seeks to ‘integrate’ all efforts and also provide DSS to all departments 14

15 Challenges The Indian psyche of data secrecy Nobody wants to share data Policy of ‘Give me your data and we will make a fantastic database’ Inadequate human resources Geospatial courses are turning out Jacks of all trades who are Masters of none Introduce geospatial electives in schools, arts and science colleges and engineering institutions Aligning data policies to technological advances 15

16 Recommendations – Map Policy Make the Open Series Maps completely unrestricted Continue to register the map users under the Map Policy Do not use OSM maps for legal purposes Provide slope and aspect maps derived from height information Charge royalty on map reuse through value addition but do not demand IP rights Base map series having lower positional accuracy for thematic mapping All digital data must be supplied in GML 3.0 or higher 16

17 Recommendations – Remote Sensing Data Policy Deregulate all old high resolution satellite imagery 2 years for satellite imagery 5 years for aerial imagery Deregulate data from sensors like SAR and LIDAR Foreign satellite data up to one metre resolution should be directly available from suppliers For data better than one metre the requirement of a government certificate should be removed Such data should be made available through Antrix Corporation who will maintain a database of the supplies and the intended usage 17

18 Recommendations -SDI Make data sharing mandatory Evolve National standards for thematic data All digital data must conform to ISO or OGC or independent standards developed in India Automate data ordering through online browsing, order placement, payment and delivery to reduce turnaround time Large volume data users should only use digital signatures Users should need to register only once and not for each transaction For security consider calibrated access with record of transactions and IP address trace back Unobtrusively watermark data using advanced steganographic techniques approved by a government security agency Enlist legal liabilities, disclaimers for improper use and penalties for misuse and illegal distribution Empowered committee consisting of representatives from all sectors to review policy every six months 18

19 Recommendations - HR Introduce electives in existing courses in computer science, statistics, mathematics, geography, physics, life sciences, social sciences, engineering and management Courses for administrators in the government and industry during their induction training State academies for administrative training need to hold refresher courses from time to time to update their staff capacities Introduce geospatial applications and technology in schools so that it becomes a career option for the students entering college A beginning has been made to introduce geospatial subjects in school curricula by the Central Board of Secondary Education This needs to be spread to all other Boards 19

20 Public Private Partnership Promote Volunteered Geographical Information as a source of data Enable citizens to understand and participate in decisions that impact their lives and living spaces Firm up participation of private industry Move beyond services and contracts Involve industry in DSS design and implementation Industry can use service contracts as entry to push in higher levels of modelling 20

21 In Conclusion Indian problems are unique and require unique Indian solutions Induction of Geospatial technology is an urgent necessity Promises need to be realised by proactive decision making by government, industry and academia Indians are expert in working around obstacles Need is for institutionalisation of innovation and improvisation 21

22 22 THANK YOU


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