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U.S. Responses to International World  “Good Neighbor” policy: improvement of American and L. American relations. Less interventionist  Ambivalent towards.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Responses to International World  “Good Neighbor” policy: improvement of American and L. American relations. Less interventionist  Ambivalent towards."— Presentation transcript:

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2 U.S. Responses to International World  “Good Neighbor” policy: improvement of American and L. American relations. Less interventionist  Ambivalent towards actions happening globally  Gerald Nye: presented information about reasons entering WWI; money  Public actively resisting war

3 Global Activity  Italy:  Mussolini takes control  Quickly imposes a fascist government  Church still remains  Germany:  Hitler mobilizes Nazi party  First attempt was hostile takeover, jailed  Realizes needs to find another method, Chancellor 1933  Japan:  Gains control of Manchuria 1931-1932  Eyes much of China and the Pacific territory

4 Appeasement  Hitler violates Treaty of Versailles  Territory ambitions target part of Czechoslovakia, Sudetenland  British policy established by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain: Appeasement  Giving in to Hitler's demands, for promise that no more would follow

5 Extra Curricular Activity  Only American confrontation in early days of tension came in the form of sports  1936 Olympics in Berlin: Jesse Owens mocks racial superiority, four gold medals  Joe Louis vs. Max Schmeling rematch 1938  Americans cheering, but still not wanting to get involved in war

6 Roosevelt’s Friendliness  Neutrality Act, demonstration of American fears  With war in Europe, Roosevelt felt compelled to assist  Lend-Lease: “Arsenal of democracy” side stepping around Neutrality Act  War material supplied to British and Soviets

7 War Waging in Europe  U.S. still struggling with the Depression  Supplying of ammunitions and military vehicles provides a boost  Employment rates on the rise

8 Day of Infamy  Dec. 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor bombed  U.S. in the war now  Hitler makes decision easier for FDR  Immediate changes made to system  Creation of Joint Chiefs of Staff: better communication  Office of Strategic Services: forerunner of CIA

9 We are In the War Now  Workforce altered; men off to fight  Increase in inflation almost immediately  Gov’t encouraging women to go to work  Ethnic minorities able to experience social mobility to some degree

10 Social Changes and Tensions  Mainstream values under fire during wartime activity  Challenges to attitudes regarding race and gender  Need forced some tolerance

11 Minorities and WWII  Hispanic population initially saw more employment opportunities  Braceros: “guest workers”  Increasing numbers of families moving from farms to urban centers  Own neighborhoods and culture developing  Great numbers men and women supporting war effort working in factories  Racial tensions not gone: Zoot Suit Riots

12 Cont…  NAACP and African American Press pressure FDR  Tuskegee Institute established  Opportunity to debunk racial stereotypes  Segregation still strong  450 trained pilots flew missions in N. Africa  Destroyed 261 enemy aircraft  Won 850 medals  Provided bomber escorts for 1500 missions

13 Cont…  Women saw changes at home and abroad  Roles at home changed drastically, single parent and working outside of home  Women’s roles to be noncombatant  WASP: Women Air force Service Pilots

14 Executive Order 9066  For the safety of our nation  Japanese families across the West ordered to leave homes and live in camps  Years of anti-Japanese sentiment has an outlet

15 Service  300,000 Mexican Americans join armed forces  1 million African Americans serve; live, work in segregated units 13,000 Chinese Americans  33,000 Japanese Americans serve 25,000 Native Americans enlist  Over 300,000 women


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