Why it Matters Early battles of the Revolution were fought in the Northeast. Now the war will spread South.
African Americans in the War Free and enslaved served in the American Revolution on both sides British offered freedom to enslaved people who deserted and joined the British Washington refused at first to accept African American soldiers. Why? After British offered freedom to runaway slaves, Washington allows African Americans to enlist
Freedom Beckons During Revolution, many Northern states took steps to end slavery. I.E. Pennsylvania barred people for buying new slaves but were allowed to keep their present slaves
The War at Home Enlist: Sign up for military duty At first signed up for one year which made an experience military hard to maintain. Why? Civilians: People not in military Hardships were wide spread with food shortages and military attack.
Women Women often took over Men’s jobs: farms and businesses Some even went to war with their husbands Deborah Sampson joined army disguised as a man
Financial Burdens Who is going to pay for war How is Congress going to support war effort Continentals were worthless
Fighting in the West Not just fighting in the 13 states Fighting occurred in the West Although America wanted to keep Native Americans neutral, even payment would not keep Native Americans with siding with Britain. Why?
Small Pox, oh No! Smallpox epidemic spread quickly among soldiers starting in Quebec 1775. By 1779, spread all the way to New Orleans More people died of this disease in the American Revolution than battle casualties. By 1782 more that 130,000 died Only 8000 soldiers died from battle wounds
Defending the Frontier George Rogers Clark: Virginian that led attacks in the West Captured Ft. Vincennes which allowed American claim in the Ohio River Valley strengthen Spain declares war on Britain with the intention of gaining Florida Provide funds and ammunition.
Help from the Spanish Unofficial help from Spain which allowed supplies to enter the USA by the means of the Mississippi River Bernado de Galvez: LA governor that helped to capture key forts in the West Spanish Cuba helped financially
War at Sea John Paul Jones: Navy hero Privateers: Armed civilian ships that had permission to attack enemy ships and keep their goods. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9s58m lY1R6k http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9s58m lY1R6k
Looking back Despite important battles at sea and in the West, the main war effort was concentrated in the colonies. What’s wrong with this statement?