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U.S. History Tuesday, 10-21-14 through Thursday, 10-23-14 The New Government First Presidential elections – January 1789 First Congress of electors - March.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. History Tuesday, 10-21-14 through Thursday, 10-23-14 The New Government First Presidential elections – January 1789 First Congress of electors - March."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, The New Government First Presidential elections – January 1789 First Congress of electors - March 4 in NYC George Washington was elected unanimously to be President; John Adams chosen to be Vice-President

2 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, The New Government Early Tasks: 1.Bill of Rights 2.Federal Judiciary Act (September 1789) 3.Financing the new government – Bank of the U.S.

3 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, The New Government Growth of Political Parties Federalists Anti-federalists (Republican, Democrat-Republicans) Controversies over Foreign Policy – Fostered Party Growth

4 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, The New Government The Presidents ( ) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FSOE537LE4c

5 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, The New Government Washington’s Administration – Federalist The president organizes the government, establishes the cabinet, and holds regular meetings Was pressed into a second administration

6 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration War between Britain and France Neutrality Proclamation – April 22, 1793 Washington declared that the U.S. would remain neutral with regard to the war between Britain and France; warned U.S. citizens to abstain from hostile acts toward either side. U.S./French Treaty officially made the U.S. and ally of France Neutrality Act (1794) – U.S. citizen could not enlist in a foreign military

7 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration War between Britain and France Genet Affair French Minister Edmund Charles Genet arrived in the U.S. and began seeking private support for the French cause; commissioned four privateers to prey on British vessels - violated the treaty between U.S. and France and the neutrality order

8 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration 11 th Amendment – March 5, 1794; ratified 1798 Resulted from Chisholm vs. Georgia – two citizens from SC sued the state of Georgia Amendment secured that a citizen of a state cannot sue another state

9 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration Jay’s Treaty British remained in Northwestern forts – antagonized western settlements (aiding Indian insurrections); A major source of revenue was British imports/exports

10 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration Jay’s Treaty British promised to withdraw by June 1796 British agreed to permit U.S. trade in West Indies as long as they did not trade in molasses, sugar, and cotton Settled pre-war debts, Northwest boundary disputes, and illegal maritime seizures by the British

11 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration Jay’s Treaty Despite opposition, Washington forced the treaty through, avoiding war with Britian

12 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration Treaty of San Lorenzo / Pinckney’s Treaty Fearing that the U.S. was becoming a peaceful ally with Britain, Spain sought to reduce tensions with the U.S. Southern boundaries/free trade on the Mississippi

13 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Washington’s 2 nd Administration Washington’s Farewell Address Would not run for a 3 rd term – setting precedent Warned of the dangers of the party system and partisan bitterness; warned of permanent foreign entanglements

14 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Practice Test Chapter 10

15 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Practice Test Chap. 10 (For those not in class, here are the answers to for True/False and Multiple Choice) Part A 1. T 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. F 9. F 10. F 11. T 12. F 13. T 14. F 15. F Part B 1. b 2. a 3. d 4. c 5. c 6. b 7. a 8. a 9. b 10. a 11. b 12. b 13. a 14. c 15. d

16 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Election of 1796 Federalists nominate John Adams Republicans (Anti-Federalists) nominate Thomas Jefferson Results: Adams, 71 Votes; Jefferson 68 Votes A divided Executive Branch

17 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Problems with France France is angry over the treaty with Britain – began seizing U.S. ships Adams sends Charles Pinckney (U.S. Minister to France), John Marshall (Federalist), and Elbridge Gerry (Republican Gov. of Massachusetts) to secure treaty with France

18 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Problems with France France is angry over the treaty with Britain – began seizing U.S. ships Adams sends Charles Pinckney (U.S. Minister to France), John Marshall (Federalist), and Elbridge Gerry (Republican Gov. of Massachusetts) to secure treaty with France

19 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Problems with France XYZ Affair Federalist/Anti-Federalist split over the issue Undeclared Naval War with France – Department of the Navy Congress terminates treaty with France The Treaty of Morfontaine

20 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Domestic Issues Under Adams Alien and Sedition Acts – 1798 Naturalization Act Alien Act Sedition Act Alien Enemies Act

21 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Domestic Issues Under Adams Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions – Failed to garner support Compact Theory of the Constitution – where the national government exercised powers not specifically delegated to it, each state has an equal right to judge for itself ** States can declare federal acts unconstitutional

22 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Election of 1800 – Revolution of 1800 Adams is nominated by Federalists (Pinckney, Vice- President) Republicans nominate Jefferson and Aaron Burr Jefferson and Burr receive 73 votes; Adams 65; Pinckney 64

23 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Election of 1800 – Revolution of 1800 According to the constitution, in a tie, the House of Representatives will decide – after 35 ballots, the House remained tied The Federalists backed Burr, but Jefferson agreed to keep the Navy and keep Federalists in lower government positions

24 U.S. History Tuesday, through Thursday, Election of 1800 – Revolution of 1800 Jefferson is eventually elected, and Burr becomes Vice- President Revolution – the opposition party wins; although presidential election is close, Republicans overwhelmingly take Congress Leads to the passing of the 12 th Amendment


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