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Online Safety: A Parent’s Guide Online Safety: A Parent’s Guide Version 7.0 – 8/2010  2010 - NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force1.

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Presentation on theme: "Online Safety: A Parent’s Guide Online Safety: A Parent’s Guide Version 7.0 – 8/2010  2010 - NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Online Safety: A Parent’s Guide Online Safety: A Parent’s Guide Version 7.0 – 8/2010  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force1

2 §282. Sexual exploitation of minor 1. A person is guilty of sexual exploitation of a minor if:1. A person is guilty of sexual exploitation of a minor if: A. Knowing or intending that the conduct will be photographed, the person intentionally or knowingly employs, solicits, entices, persuades, uses or compels another person, not that person's spouse, who is in fact a minor, to engage in sexually explicit conduct. Violation of this paragraph is a Class B crimeA. Knowing or intending that the conduct will be photographed, the person intentionally or knowingly employs, solicits, entices, persuades, uses or compels another person, not that person's spouse, who is in fact a minor, to engage in sexually explicit conduct. Violation of this paragraph is a Class B crime  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force2

3 §284. Possession of sexually explicit material 1. A person is guilty of possession of sexually explicit material if that person:1. A person is guilty of possession of sexually explicit material if that person: A. Intentionally or knowingly transports, exhibits, purchases, possesses or accesses with intent to view any book, magazine, newspaper, print, negative, slide, motion picture, computer data file, videotape or other mechanically, electronically or chemically reproduced visual image or material that the person knows or should know depicts another person engaging in sexually explicit conduct, and:A. Intentionally or knowingly transports, exhibits, purchases, possesses or accesses with intent to view any book, magazine, newspaper, print, negative, slide, motion picture, computer data file, videotape or other mechanically, electronically or chemically reproduced visual image or material that the person knows or should know depicts another person engaging in sexually explicit conduct, and: (1) The other person has not in fact attained 16 years of age; or(1) The other person has not in fact attained 16 years of age; or (2) The person knows or has reason to know that the other person has not attained 16 years of age.(2) The person knows or has reason to know that the other person has not attained 16 years of age. Violation of this paragraph is a Class D crimeViolation of this paragraph is a Class D crime  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force3

4 §283. Dissemination of sexually explicit material 1. A person is guilty of dissemination of sexually explicit material if:1. A person is guilty of dissemination of sexually explicit material if: A. The person intentionally or knowingly disseminates or possesses with intent to disseminate any book, magazine, newspaper, print, negative, slide, motion picture, videotape, computer data file or other mechanically, electronically or chemically reproduced visual image or material that depicts any minor who the person knows or has reason to know is a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct. Violation of this paragraph is a Class C crimeA. The person intentionally or knowingly disseminates or possesses with intent to disseminate any book, magazine, newspaper, print, negative, slide, motion picture, videotape, computer data file or other mechanically, electronically or chemically reproduced visual image or material that depicts any minor who the person knows or has reason to know is a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct. Violation of this paragraph is a Class C crime  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force4

5 §506. Harassment by telephone or by electronic communication device  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force5 1. A person is guilty of harassment by telephone or by electronic communication device if:1. A person is guilty of harassment by telephone or by electronic communication device if: A. By means of telephone or electronic communication device the person makes any comment, request, suggestion or proposal that is, in fact, offensively coarse or obscene, without the consent of the person called or contactedA. By means of telephone or electronic communication device the person makes any comment, request, suggestion or proposal that is, in fact, offensively coarse or obscene, without the consent of the person called or contacted

6 Predators will use information obtained from children to gain trust and friendship (her mother’s death).Predators will use information obtained from children to gain trust and friendship (her mother’s death). Unless you know someone in person, you don’t really know who they are on the Internet (predator portrayed himself as 18 yr old).Unless you know someone in person, you don’t really know who they are on the Internet (predator portrayed himself as 18 yr old). Anyone is vulnerable (father was police officer, lived in small town).Anyone is vulnerable (father was police officer, lived in small town). 6

7 7

8  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force “Food for thought” for parents … You must decide your strategy.“Food for thought” for parents … You must decide your strategy. Some material may be “unsettling,” but this is unavoidable.Some material may be “unsettling,” but this is unavoidable. Philosophy: “Instill a sense of caution, not a sense of fear.”Philosophy: “Instill a sense of caution, not a sense of fear.” The good does outweigh the bad.The good does outweigh the bad. Ask questions … offer thoughts.Ask questions … offer thoughts. Introduction 8

9  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force The Technologies: How do they get there? Desktop and laptop computers located at home, friend’s homes, work, libraries, stores, schools, “Internet cafes”…wireless connections.Desktop and laptop computers located at home, friend’s homes, work, libraries, stores, schools, “Internet cafes”…wireless connections. Smart phonesSmart phones Tablets/I-podsTablets/I-pods Internet capable games (i.e., Xbox, Playstation).Internet capable games (i.e., Xbox, Playstation). 9

10  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Kids in the U.S. 94% of teens aged 12 – 17 use the Internet.94% of teens aged 12 – 17 use the Internet. 84% of online teens have a social networking profile. 46% have open access to their online profile information.84% of online teens have a social networking profile. 46% have open access to their online profile information. 84% of teens have cell phones and more than 88% are texting.84% of teens have cell phones and more than 88% are texting. 43% of teens have been victims of cyberbullying.43% of teens have been victims of cyberbullying. 21% of K-2 kids have access to cell phones21% of K-2 kids have access to cell phones 10

11  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Online enticement.Online enticement. Sexting.Sexting. Access by children to pornography.Access by children to pornography. Distribution of child pornography.Distribution of child pornography. Cyberbullying.Cyberbullying. Risks Involving Children Are Real 11

12  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force 1 in 7 children (13%) received sexual solicitation or were approached within the last year.1 in 7 children (13%) received sexual solicitation or were approached within the last year. 1 in 3 (34%) had an unwanted exposure to pictures of naked people or people having sex.1 in 3 (34%) had an unwanted exposure to pictures of naked people or people having sex. 1 in 11 (9%) was threatened or harassed.1 in 11 (9%) was threatened or harassed. 1 in 25 (4%) received an “aggressive” sexual solicitation - A solicitor who: asked to meet them somewhere; called them on the telephone; or sent them regular mail, money or gifts.1 in 25 (4%) received an “aggressive” sexual solicitation - A solicitor who: asked to meet them somewhere; called them on the telephone; or sent them regular mail, money or gifts. Online Victimization of Youth: 12

13  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Through use of chat rooms, , instant messaging, “blogs” and even on-line games, adult strangers can establish direct one-to-one access to children.Through use of chat rooms, , instant messaging, “blogs” and even on-line games, adult strangers can establish direct one-to-one access to children. –“Distance” and children’s natural trust can lead them to forget that these people are strangers … and many of them are very good at misrepresenting who they are. “There was one guy who kept telling me I was beautiful, sexy and hot, and that he wanted to meet me. Even though I kept saying no, he kept giving me his pager number and telling me to call him” (Age 14)“There was one guy who kept telling me I was beautiful, sexy and hot, and that he wanted to meet me. Even though I kept saying no, he kept giving me his pager number and telling me to call him” (Age 14) Online Enticement 13

14 Where are children going online?  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force14

15  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Chat rooms Chat rooms are places on the Internet where you can have live, real-time conversations with many people at the same time.Chat rooms are places on the Internet where you can have live, real-time conversations with many people at the same time. Everyone in the chat room can see what everyone else writes, but you can still be as anonymous as you want.Everyone in the chat room can see what everyone else writes, but you can still be as anonymous as you want. Only 18% of youth use chat rooms, however, the majority of Internet-initiated sex crimes against children are initiated in chat rooms.Only 18% of youth use chat rooms, however, the majority of Internet-initiated sex crimes against children are initiated in chat rooms. 15

16  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force While chat rooms can be dynamic meeting places for people with similar interests:While chat rooms can be dynamic meeting places for people with similar interests: –Children can be easily mislead to do things that they ordinarily would not do. –It is easy for a child to reveal more, sometimes much more, than they should. –They are cruising grounds for predators. If a person unknown to you was speaking to your child in your front yard, what would you do? If your child was communicating with the same stranger on-line, what would you do?If a person unknown to you was speaking to your child in your front yard, what would you do? If your child was communicating with the same stranger on-line, what would you do? 16

17  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Instant Messaging (IM). IM is a form of Internet communication that combines the live nature of real time chat with the personal contact of . Benefits include:IM is a form of Internet communication that combines the live nature of real time chat with the personal contact of . Benefits include: –A safer environment than chat rooms since contact lists can be better controlled. 17

18  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Social Networking Sites. 18 In 82% of online sex crimes against minors, the offender used the victim's social networking site to gain information about the victim's likes and dislikes.

19 19 Privacy SettingsPrivacy Settings FriendsFriends Information ProvidedInformation Provided Check InsCheck Ins

20 Message Boards  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force20

21  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Video Networking You Tube 21

22 Text Twitter  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force22

23  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force23

24   22% of teenage girls say they posted nude or semi-nude photos or videos of themselves online.   One in five teens have engaged in sexting – sending, receiving, or forwarding sexually suggestive nude or nearly nude photos.   21% of teen girls and 39% of teen boys say they have sent such content to someone they wanted to date or hook up with.   51% of teen girls say pressure from a guy is a reason girls send sexy messages or images; only 18% of teen boys cited pressure from female counterparts as a reason.   Possessing or sending sexually explicit photos or videos of a minor is against the law.

25  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force25

26 Sextortion, don’t let it happen to your child.  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force26

27  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force27

28  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force28

29  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force29

30  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Pornography which is legally restricted to adults can easily be accessed by children online.Pornography which is legally restricted to adults can easily be accessed by children online. –A child who can’t browse through a sexually explicit magazine in a store can easily view explicit images and video online. –Also, obscene materials which are illegal even for adults can easily be accessed online. Access by Children to Pornography 30

31 70% of children 7 to 18 years old have accidentally encountered online pornography, often through a web search while doing homework.   The largest group of Internet porn consumers is children ages   90% of children ages 8-16 have seen online pornography.  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force31

32  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Even “innocent” website addresses can lead directly to pornography. UnintentionalUnintentional “It is like a car crash. You want to look away but can’t.” (Age 14)“It is like a car crash. You want to look away but can’t.” (Age 14) 32

33  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force URL’s (Uniform Resource Locators) …The incorrect one can take you to a sexually explicit site. How? AssumptionsAssumptions –You’re “certain” that you know the URL MistakenMistaken –Use of “.com” versus “.org” etc… Spelling errorsSpelling errors –Transposing characters 33

34  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Unsolicited “push” pornography and links are very prevalent and are sent to everyone – including children.Unsolicited “push” pornography and links are very prevalent and are sent to everyone – including children. 34

35  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Curiosity in children is natural, but learning about sexuality on-line is not usually the best place. Intentional 35

36 Website age verification   31% of kids ages have lied about their age in order to access a website.  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force36

37  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force37

38 It is not surprising that the fourth top search term among kids 8-18 is sex, but what is shocking is the fourth ranked search term for children 7 and under is “porn.”It is not surprising that the fourth top search term among kids 8-18 is sex, but what is shocking is the fourth ranked search term for children 7 and under is “porn.”  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force38

39  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force The Internet has provided child pornographers with a powerful and anonymous distribution vehicle.The Internet has provided child pornographers with a powerful and anonymous distribution vehicle. Possession and distribution of child pornography is illegal under state and Federal laws.Possession and distribution of child pornography is illegal under state and Federal laws. Distribution of Child Pornography. 39

40   20% of all Internet pornography involves children, with more than 20,000 new images posted weekly.   Law enforcement officials estimate that more than 50,000 sexual predators are online at any given moment.   Approximately 70% of all sex offenders released from prison will offend again.  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force40

41  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force “Cyberbullying” - Any Device, Anytime… 41

42  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force There are several ways that children threaten and/or harass others online. They may:There are several ways that children threaten and/or harass others online. They may: –Send s or instant messages containing insults or threats directly to a person. –Spread hurtful comments about a person to others through , instant messaging or postings on web sites and blogs. –Steal passwords and send out threatening s or instant messages using an assumed identity. 42

43 Cyber bullying Over half of adolescents and teens have been bullied online, and about the same number have engaged in cyber bullying.Over half of adolescents and teens have been bullied online, and about the same number have engaged in cyber bullying. More than 1 in 3 young people have experienced cyber threats online.More than 1 in 3 young people have experienced cyber threats online. Over 25 percent of adolescents and teens have been bullied repeatedly through their cell phones or the Internet.Over 25 percent of adolescents and teens have been bullied repeatedly through their cell phones or the Internet. Well over half of young people do not tell their parents when cyber bullying occurs.Well over half of young people do not tell their parents when cyber bullying occurs.  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force43

44  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Possible warning signs of children being bullied or bullying other children. –Complaining that other children or a group of children do not like them. –Preoccupation with friendship concerns. –Poor self-esteem. Feeling they are not as good as others. –Not wanting to go to school or other activities. –Spending a great deal of time on the computer. –Being secretive about online activities. 44

45  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Lacking interest and involvement with other kids.Lacking interest and involvement with other kids. Acting like their group (clique) is superior.Acting like their group (clique) is superior. Bragging that they use the Internet to play practical jokes or steal other kids’ passwords as a joke.Bragging that they use the Internet to play practical jokes or steal other kids’ passwords as a joke. Continuing to make fun of other kids.Continuing to make fun of other kids. Getting in trouble at school or in the community for inappropriate computer use.Getting in trouble at school or in the community for inappropriate computer use. Adapted from Powertolearn.com 45

46  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Dealing with CyberbullyingDealing with Cyberbullying –Preserve evidence – this is crucial for identifying the bully and making a case. –Attempt to enlist assistance from the service provider. –If able to identify the bully, contact him or her and/or parents. –Use available blocking technology (i.e., block the user on IM, and chat.) –In serious cases, seek assistance from the police (i.e., threats of physical harm, unrelenting or unable to stop.) 46

47  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force So… What Should Parents Do? 47

48  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force 1.Learn everything you can about computers, the Internet and related technology- Develop and maintain proficiency through use.Develop and maintain proficiency through use. Ask children to demonstrate.Ask children to demonstrate. 2.Communicate with your children. Take time to discuss concerns; agree on ground rules.Take time to discuss concerns; agree on ground rules. Understand their needs.Understand their needs. Set reasonable expectations.Set reasonable expectations. 3.Place the computer in a “well-trafficked” area, not a child’s bedroom or a secluded area. 48

49  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force 4.Ensure that they do not divulge detailed personal information when completing “profiles” and minimize dissemination. 5.Keep ALL accounts in your name. 6.Know your child’s password(s) and screen name(s). Ensure that screen names do not provide information about his or her identity (e.g., Sarahsweet16.)Ensure that screen names do not provide information about his or her identity (e.g., Sarahsweet16.) 49

50  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force 7.Consider Use of Computer/Internet Management Software: Age-based access levels – Allows for various levels of access for different family members.Age-based access levels – Allows for various levels of access for different family members. Filtering and Blocking (incoming and outgoing.)Filtering and Blocking (incoming and outgoing.) Time Restrictions.Time Restrictions. Activity Logs - Parents can view logs that list web sites visited, web sites blocked, chat sessions… Software can even capture screen shots and messages to you if a rule is violated!Activity Logs - Parents can view logs that list web sites visited, web sites blocked, chat sessions… Software can even capture screen shots and messages to you if a rule is violated! “Girls are aware of the varied dangers of the Internet, but want more proactive involvement rather than prohibitive don’ts from parents.”“Girls are aware of the varied dangers of the Internet, but want more proactive involvement rather than prohibitive don’ts from parents.” 50

51  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force 8.Periodically review Internet bookmarks, history files, temporary Internet files and keyword searches. Also … what can it mean if history, keyword or temporary Internet files are cleared? 51

52  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Set Parental Controls 52

53  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force netling.com noslang.com acronymfinder.com Acronyms, Text Shorthand and Emoticons 53

54  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Under 8 - Children shouldn’t be using IM, chat rooms or blogs - period. should be restricted to only approved senders.Under 8 - Children shouldn’t be using IM, chat rooms or blogs - period. should be restricted to only approved senders If you add IM or chat, make sure only pre- approved senders can send to your child. No blogs! If you add IM or chat, make sure only pre- approved senders can send to your child. No blogs! Give them more privacy, as long as it is with people you trust. Block all but pre-approved senders. Still no blogs! Give them more privacy, as long as it is with people you trust. Block all but pre-approved senders. Still no blogs! Blogs, IM, Chatrooms, What is reasonable? 54

55  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Respect their privacy even more. Give them more leeway regarding IM, , chat and blogs. But check and account for everyone, in real life, on their buddy lists. No friends of friends! Respect their privacy even more. Give them more leeway regarding IM, , chat and blogs. But check and account for everyone, in real life, on their buddy lists. No friends of friends! 16 and over - Parental involvement becomes difficult at best – if good judgment and communication have not been firmly established by now … all bets are off.16 and over - Parental involvement becomes difficult at best – if good judgment and communication have not been firmly established by now … all bets are off. –If they have earned your trust, give it to them. –If not, unplug the computer and take away their cell phones and interactive gaming devices. 55

56  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Warning signs. Elevate concern if your child:Warning signs. Elevate concern if your child: – Significantly increases on-line time. –Receives phone calls, , mail or packages from someone you don't know. – Quickly exits IM, chat, , websites and other activities when you are near. –Increases use of new slang words, inappropriate sexual knowledge, withdraws from family and friends. – Begins using new screen names, an online account belonging to someone else, etc. –Is reluctant to discuss activities or your concerns. 56

57  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Always Keep In Mind … The “Good” Really Does Outweigh The “Bad!” 57

58  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force –Recognize techniques used by online predators to deceive their victims. –Refuse requests for personal information. –Respond assertively if you are ever in an uncomfortable situation while online. Exit the program, log off or turn off the computer… –Report, to a parent or other trusted adult, any suspicious or dangerous contact that makes you uncomfortable. Teach Children to Remember the 4 R’s … 58

59 About 4 in 5 teens say they tell their parents very little or nothing about what they do and where they go online.  NYS Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force59


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