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WWI Graphic Organizer Answers. Causes: Nationalism/Imperialism/Militarism  Nationalism – strong national pride in one’s nation, not ethnic identities.

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Presentation on theme: "WWI Graphic Organizer Answers. Causes: Nationalism/Imperialism/Militarism  Nationalism – strong national pride in one’s nation, not ethnic identities."— Presentation transcript:

1 WWI Graphic Organizer Answers

2 Causes: Nationalism/Imperialism/Militarism  Nationalism – strong national pride in one’s nation, not ethnic identities  France wanted Alsace-Lorraine back  Minority cultures threatened  Social Darwinism  Destabilized empires (Austria-Hungary – Balkans)  Imperialism – Desire for colonies  Competition for empires (Africa, Asia)  Militarism – Buildup of the military  Stockpiling weapons, more and better weapons; glorification of the military  Conscription  Germany builds a strong army and navy

3 Alliances and Assassination  Triple Alliance – Aust.-Hung, Germany, Italy  Triple Entente – GB, France, Russia  Goal: protection and military aid  June 28, 1914 – Sarajevo (Bosnia)  Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated  Gavrillo Princip  Black Hand – Serbian Nationalists  Chain reaction as nations honor alliances  Germany advances through neutral Belgium (Schlieffen Plan)

4 Technology, Trench Warfare, Western Front  Germans stopped at the Marne  Ineffective offensives coupled with powerful defenses  Stalemate – 600 miles of trenches – Western Front  Devastating weapons (artillery, machine guns, poison gas, tanks)  Trenches – mud, filth, rats, trench foot, exposure  War of attrition – thousands died  Verdun (700,000), Somme (60,000 in one day)

5 American Position: Neutrality to War  Neutrality – Wilson’s official policy (“He kept us out of war”)  Divided loyalties  Irish/German – favored Central Powers  Russians – Jews fled to US from pogroms  Most Americans favored Allies  British heritage  French revolutionary spirit; aid in American Revolution  Isolationists – stay out  Interventionists – get in  Internationalists – play a roll but keep peace

6 American Position – Neutrality to War  Preparedness policy – getting ready for war  Many opposed  Involvement:  Germany unrestricted submarine warfare  Lusitania  Sussex  Zimmerman note  April, 1917 – Congress declares war

7 Home Front: Economy, Public Opinion, Dissension, Society  Economy – Government control  WIB – Bernard Baruch – ran industry  Food Administration – Herbert Hoover (ramped up agriculture, regulated prices, conservation and rationing  Mon. – Wheat, Tues – Meat, Wed. – Pork  Public Opinion  CPI – George Creel, propaganda  Dissension – Opposition to the war  Germans/Irish, Pacifists, Govt. trespassing on individual freedoms, opposition to the draft, conscientious objectors, women’s peace movements (Jeanette Rankin)

8 Home Front  Government crackdown  Espionage Act, Sedition Act  Schenk v. US  Debs imprisoned several times (Socialist)  Society  Prejudice at home against Germans (liberty measles, liberty steaks, liberty pups)  Women jobs, 19 th amendment  Great Migration

9 Americas role, Battles, Leaders, Treaty  America turns the tide of the war  Thousands enlist, fresh troops,  Doughboys “Over There”  Convoy system  Battles  2 nd Marne, Chateau Thierry, Belleau Wood, Meuse Argonne  Alvin York – American hero  African-American regiment earns highest honor in France

10 America cont.  Leader – General John J. Pershing (“Blackjack), leads US forces  Treaty  Armistice – 11/11/18 (Veterans’ Day)  Wilson’s Fourteen Points  Freedom of the seas, self-determination of nations, reduction of military, no alliances  14 th League of Nations – Senate fails to ratify treaty, US does not join the League  Treaty – Germany: war guilt, reparations, demilitarize, humiliated and crushed; new map of Europe drawn

11 Impact of War: Economy, Communism, “Normalcy,” New Order  Economy  Post war recession, women and blacks lose jobs, labor unrest, inflation, flu pandemic  Communism  Red Scare as Russia turns communist; Palmer raids, Sacco and Vanzetti trial  Normalcy  Harding embraces “normalcy;” Republicans throughout 20’s; return to isolation  New Order  What will America’s role be? Old order of empires destroyed, millions dead, what next???


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