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USVA History Unit 4: The Early Republic SOL: VUS.6.

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Presentation on theme: "USVA History Unit 4: The Early Republic SOL: VUS.6."— Presentation transcript:

1 USVA History Unit 4: The Early Republic SOL: VUS.6

2  Great Britain and France at war in 1803  America proclaimed neutrality  The British and French both announce that they will confiscate any goods aboard ships coming to trade with their enemy.  What should the United States do?

3  The British Navy began stopping American trade ships and forcing the men to enlist.  This is known as impressment.  Tensions escalated further when a British ship opened fire on an American vessel killing 3 Americans for refusing to allow them to search their ship.

4  President Jefferson did not want to go to war.  Instead, he asked Congress to place an embargo which was a government ban on trading with European nations.  The embargo was repealed in 1809 after it began to hurt the economy in both the north (trade/manuf.) and the south (agriculture).

5  Our fourth President is elected: James Madison, also a Democratic- Republican  Madison wants to avoid war at all costs as well.  He passes the Non- Intercourse Act which banned trade with both Britain and France and would reopen trade with whichever country dropped its trade restrictions against the United States first.

6  In 1810, Congress replaces the Non-Intercourse Act with Macon’s Bill No. 2 which opened trade with both Britain and France. It went further to say that whichever nation put down trade restrictions that an embargo would be placed on the other nation.  French leader, Napoleon, agrees and the United States stopped trading with Britain.

7  The British economy was hurt by the Americans refusal to trade.  By 1812 the British attempted to drop trade restrictions but it was too late.  The United States had declared war on Great Britain.

8  Influences…  Impressment of sailors  “War Hawks” Congressmen from the South and Western regions pushing for war. Southern planters hurt tremendously by the British stealing their cash crops sent to Europe.  Clashes with Native Americans in the west were blamed on the British for giving them guns and encouraging them to attack the Americans.

9  Heavy division among people either supporting the war or against it. (Federalist vs. Dem-Repub)  Army only had 7,000 troops who were poorly equipped.  The national bank charter had run out and Dem.- Republicans wouldn’t re- charter it so the government couldn’t take out loans. Most banks were in the NE and they didn’t support the war.

10  The United States invades Canada unsuccessfully on three different occasions.  With the focus on Canada and the defeat of Napoleon’s French military the British focused on Washington, D.C.  They invaded D.C. and burned it to the ground and headed for Baltimore.

11  The Americans were ready for the British when they arrived at Fort McHenry in Baltimore.  The Americans successfully defended the fort and pushed back the British.  Francis Scott Key, an American prisoner aboard a British ship watching the battle wrote a poem which would later become our national anthem.

12  The British were also defeated in New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi by General Andrew Jackson.  The war drew to a close with both sides agreeing to an armistice (cease-fire).  Neither side surrendered nor claimed victory.

13  The war was ended with the Treaty of Ghent signed on December 24 th,  Prewar boundary lines were restored between the United States and British Canada.  They both did agree to claim the Oregon territory in the Northwest jointly.

14  Increased prestige and respect for the United States military throughout the world  Renewed spirit of patriotism and nationalism in the country.  The Federalists party greatly weakened by their lack of support for the war.

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