Presentation on theme: "Class Notes 16.2b (NB p. 13) Soldiers on both sides were drawn to volunteer for a variety of reasons. Life in army camps on both sides was difficult and."— Presentation transcript:
1Class Notes 16.2b (NB p. 13)Soldiers on both sides were drawn to volunteer for a variety of reasons.Life in army camps on both sides was difficult and demanding.More soldiers actually died of disease than in battle.Improvements in weapons had far-reaching effects.
2Lesson 16.2: Life in the Army Today’s Essential Question: What was life like for soldiers during the Civil War?
3Vocabulary hygiene – conditions and practices that promote health enlist – join the militarydrill – marching practice in a military unitcavalry – soldiers on horsesinfantry – soldiers on foot
4Check for Understanding What is today’s Essential Question?Do you know someone who has enlisted?
7What’s the difference between infantry and cavalry?
8The Confederate victory at the Battle of Bull Run thrilled the South. What We Already KnowThe Confederate victory at the Battle of Bull Run thrilled the South.
9What We Already KnowAfter Bull Run, Lincoln sent the 90-day militias home and called for a real army of 500,000 volunteers for three years.
10What We Already KnowVolunteers rushed to enlist on both sides, many fearing the war would be over before they could join the fight.
11Those Who Fought 18-30-year-olds About half on both sides were farmers.Many were immigrants, especially from Germany and Ireland.African Americans saw the war as a way to end slavery.At first neither the North nor the South accepted blacks into their armies.Native Americans served on both sides.
12Those Who FoughtWhy did 2 million soldiers serve the Union, and almost 1 million serve the Confederacy?Adventure and gloryEscape from boredomFriends and neighbors were volunteering.Recruitment moneyLoyalty to their country or stateFor blacks, to end slavery
1413. What kind of men fought in the Civil War?? Choose all that are true!
1513. What kind of men fought in the Civil War? Most were years old.Many were immigrants.Most were farmers.Many were either slave owners or abolitionists.Many were free blacks.Choose all that are true!
16Why did men enlist in the army during the Civil War? Choose the one that is NOT true!
17Why did men enlist in the army during the Civil War? Many African Americans wanted to fight in the war as a way to end slavery.Many enlistees hated what the other side stood for, and wanted to kill as many enemy soldiers as possible.Some farmers and factory workers saw the war as an adventurous way to escape a life of boredom.Some fought out of loyalty to their nation or belief in its cause.Some enlisted to get the recruitment money offered by both sides.Choose the one that is NOT true!
18Turning Civilians into Soldiers Lived in tents and log hutsHeavily scheduled day of drill and dutiesGuard duty, wood cutting, digging latrines, etc.Problems with uniformsFood and supply problems
19Hardships of Army LifeBoth Union and Confederate soldiers endured hunger, cold, dirty living conditions, constant sickness, poor medical treatment, and bad hygiene.
20Hardships of Army Life Soldiers exposed to the weather Unsanitary campsWeeks between baths and clean clothesLice and fleas spread diseasePoor hygiene led to illnessContaminated food and waterPoor medical careMore than twice as many soldiers died from disease than battle wounds.
22Both Northern and Southern soldiers alike had to endure all the following EXCEPT boredom and hunger.cold, dirty living conditions.constant sickness.poor medical treatment.incompetent military leadership.
23What was the main cause of death in the Civil War? SuicideThe Minié ballSnakebiteDiseaseIronclads
2415. Why was disease the main cause of death in the Civil War? poor dietcontaminated water and foodexposure to cold and rainunsanitary conditionsintentional exposure to germs by the enemyChoose the one that is NOT true!
25Changes in Military Technology RiflesMinié ballsIronclads
26Changes in Military Technology A rifle is a gun with a grooved barrel that causes a bullet to spin through the air, giving the bullet more distance and accuracy.
28Changes in Military Technology A minié ball is a bullet with a hollow base, which expands upon firing to fit the grooves in the rifle barrel.
29Changes in Military Technology Tactics like cavalry charges and infantry assaults didn’t work as well as before.The increased range and accuracy of the rifle allowed defenders to shoot charging attackers before they could reach their position.
30Changes in Military Technology An ironclad is a wooden warship covered with iron plates.
31The first battle between ironclads took place on March 9, 1862. The CSS Virginia battled the USS Monitor for four hours, before sailing away.
3316. What new technology was introduced during the Civil War? the minié ballironclad shipsland minespoison gasriflesexplosive rocketsChoose all that are true!
34How did use of the rifle and minié ball change combat tactics in the Civil War? Their low cost allowed more soldiers to have more bullets, causing higher enemy casualties.Their rapid-fire capabilities gave one soldier the firepower of five men fighting in earlier wars.Their greater range and accuracy turned cavalry charges and traditional assaults into slaughter.They struck their targets with greater destructive force and made stronger defensive fortifications necessary.