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U.S. Army Language Programs USAREC Language Advocate SFC Jeffrey Henry

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Army Language Programs USAREC Language Advocate SFC Jeffrey Henry"— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Army Language Programs USAREC Language Advocate SFC Jeffrey Henry

2 Agenda Background Army Recruiting Objectives Army Linguist Programs
DOD Army Army Recruiting Objectives Army Linguist Programs Description Requirements Benefits

3 Although the value of foreign languages and cultural proficiency is recognized by our Special Forces, these capabilities are essential for all forces preparing for irregular warfare, training and advising missions, humanitarian efforts, and security and stabilization operations. —Secretary Gates, Senate Armed Services Committee, February 6, 2008

4 Background The Defense Language Transformation Roadmap (DLTR), published in February 2005 DOD Strategic Plan for Language Skills, Regional Expertise, and Cultural Capabilities ( ) Ability to conduct World-Wide Missions without language or cultural barriers 09L program started in February 2003

5 Background Identify, validate, and prioritize requirements for language skills, regional expertise, and cultural capabilities, and generate accurate demand signals in support of DoD missions. Build, enhance, and sustain a Total Force with a mix of language skills, regional expertise, and cultural capabilities to meet existing and emerging needs in support of national security objectives. Strengthen language skills, regional expertise, and cultural capabilities to increase interoperability and to build partner capacity.

6 Objectives Recruit applicants with the ability to read, write and speak Pashtu, Dari and/or Farsi proficiently for the 09L Military Occupational Specialty (MOS). Recruit applicants with the ability to read, write and speak a foreign language proficiently and meet minimum requirements for MOS 35P, Signals Intelligence Analyst Recruit applicants that achieve minimum Defense Language Aptitude Battery (DLAB) scores to attend the Defense Language Institute and minimum requirements for MOS 35P, Signals Intelligence Analyst Ensure an applicants ability to speak a foreign language is documented within applicants military record, regardless of MOS The Linguist Recruitment Mission is for MOS 09L and 35P. Applicants enlisting into MOS 09L or 35P (ACASP) must demonstrate proficiency in both English and target foreign language. Currently Arabic, Chinese-Mandarin, Korean, French, Pashtu, Persian Farsi, and Spanish are open for 35P enlistment. 09L is only open to three target languages at the moment, Dari, Farsi and Pashtu. Applicants enlisting into MOS 35P without language proficiency in a foreign language, must achieve a minimum DLAB score of 100 (scores vary based on requirement) and successfully complete DLI training and achieve a minimum rating of 2/2/1+ on the Defense Language Proficiency Test (DLPT) to attend follow-on training for MOS 35P. Applicants that do not meet the minimum ratings or fail to successfully complete DLI Training may be subject to mandatory reclass within the needs of the Army.

7 Army Linguist Programs
Skilled Linguist Program (35P) Interpreter/Translator (09L) Foreign Language Acquisition (35P) Foreign Language Recruiting Initiative (FLRI) English as a Second Language Training (ESL) Army Civilian Acquired Skills Program (ACASP) (35P/09L) Currently, the two primary MOS’s that are language dependant are 35P and 09L. There are other MOS’s that are language capable, meaning proficiency in a foreign language is beneficial to career progression and the opportunity to collect Foreign Language Proficiency Pay (FLPP). The language capable MOS’s include 35L, 35M, and 35N (MI), 37F (PYSOPS), 38B (Civil Affairs). Other MOS’s exist but these are the most common. The current linguist programs are for MOS’s 35P and 09L and are designed to compensate the applicant for their ability to speak a foreign language or demonstrate an aptitude to learn a foreign language.

8 Skilled Linguist Program
Cryptologic Linguist (35P) Military Intelligence Branch Exploits foreign communications 2/2 DLPT Score Open to French, Spanish, Farsi, Pashtu, Chinese (Mandarin), Korean, and Arabic (other languages are accepted depending on availability) Native and Heritage speakers that meet requirements qualify for ACASP and will not receive foreign language training at DLI. (Native speakers must still attend basic training and AIT) Cryptologic Linguist performs and supervises detection, acquisition, geolocation, identification, exploitation and analysis of foreign communications at all echelons using Signals Intelligence/Electronic Warefare (SIGINT/EW) systems. The cryptologic linguist copies, translates, and produces summaries of foreign communication transmissions.

9 35P Requirements U.S. Citizen Eligible to receive TS/SCI
Pass CI Polygraph examination Hearing test Normal Vision Minimum DLAB/ DLPT score Minimum score of 80 on ECLT Minimum ST score of 91 Never a Member of US Peace Corps Must complete formal advanced individual training

10 Interpreter/ Translator
Interpreter/ Translator (09L) Target languages Pashtu, Dari and Farsi U.S. Citizenship not required (must be a permanent resident) Must receive a 2 rating on Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) for English administered at MEPCOM Must score a 10 or higher on the AFQT if other than IRR Bonus of $40,000 for 3 year enlistment (Not eligible for any additional incentive) Conducts interpretation (oral) and prepares translations (written) between English and a foreign language. Support by assisting in unit cultural awareness and familiarizations.

11 09L Requirements Pass National Agency Check and Local Agency Check (NACLAC) Pass CI Screening Minimum score of 80 on ECLT (Below 80 must attend ESL) OPI Rating of 2 or better in English OPI Rating of S2+ or better in foreign language and R1 in reading 10 or higher on AFQT in Active Army IRR can score below 10 on AFQT if ECLT scores are between and still enter ESL Training Must be a permanent U.S. resident or Citizen Language acquisition training (DLI) is not authorized

12 Foreign Language Acquisition
Applicants enlist into MOS 35P Upon successful completion of DLI, completes AIT for MOS 35P Must meet all the qualifications for 35P (ie. U.S. Citizen, eligible for Top Secret Clearance) Must achieve minimum score on DLAB (DLAB minimum scores vary) Language training is based on DLAB scores and needs of the Army. MOS 35P. Applicants that fail to meet necessary standards for MOS 35P will be reclassed based on needs of the Army. DLI is located in Monterey, California and students undergo an intense language studies program that ranges from 6 weeks up to 65 weeks depending on the language studied.

13 DLAB The Defense Language Aptitude Battery (DLAB) is a standardized government test, approximately two hours in length, used to determine the natural ability of armed services members to learn a foreign language. The DLAB test scores are ultimately used to determine the service member’s eligibility for language training. The DLAB is divided into two major portions, audio and visual.

14 DLPT The DLPT5 is designed to assess the general language proficiency in reading and listening of a foreign language. The DLPT5 tests measure proficiency as defined by the Interagency Language Roundtable (ILR) Skill Level Descriptions, levels 0+ – 4 The DLPT5 will be used to make operational readiness, incentive pay, and training decisions for civilian and military language analysts in the United States government. The passages included in the test are sampled from authentic materials and real-life sources such as signs, newspapers, radio and television broadcasts, the Internet, etc. The passages cover a broad range of content areas, including social, cultural, political, economic, geographic, scientific, and military topics.

15 DLI The Institute employs more than 1,700 teachers and offers foreign language instruction in more than two dozen languages to approximately 3,500 students on a schedule that extends throughout the year. The duration of courses range between 26 and 64 weeks, depending on the difficulty of the language. DLIFLC currently awards an Associate of Arts degree in foreign language to students who successfully complete the course and are able to transfer 15 general education units from another educational institution. DLIFLC is accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Community & Junior Colleges of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

16 DLI cont. Arabic (MSA, Iraqi, Egyptian, Levantine) Chinese Dari French
German Hebrew Hindi Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Kurdish (Kurmanji/Sorani) Pashto Persian Farsi Portuguese Russian Serbian/Croatian Spanish Tagalog Thai Turkish Urdu Uzbek

17 FLRI Allows foreign language speakers with limited English speaking ability to enlist in the Army. Applicants enlist as MOS 09C and choose MOS after they successfully complete English as a Second Language (ESL) and 2 week GT prep course. Requirements: AFQT; 74 or below on ECLT/APCLT Applicants that score above 31 on the AFQT but do not score 75 or above on the ECLT/APCLT are still required to attend ESL training regardless of MOS but are not considered FLRI.

18 Total English Training Weeks
ESL ESL is designed to improve foreign language speaking soldiers English speaking ability and is not limited to FLRI and 09L programs ESL is required for non-FLRI foreign language speaking applicants that score above 31 on the ASVAB and below 74 on the ECLT/APCLT. Applicants select MOS and receive training path prior to shipping. Soldiers report to Ft. Sill Oklahoma for initial in-processing prior to being shipped to Lackland for ESL Training. 09L conduct ESL training at Ft. Jackson, SC ECLT Score Total English Training Weeks 20 17 16 14 13 8

19 Benefits Advanced Promotions (SPC) (ACASP)
Bonus up to $40,000 (can vary based on requirements and MOS) Language Training and Experience Exciting Career as a U.S. Army Linguist / Military Intelligence Professional Foreign Language Proficiency Bonus (FLPB) (see next slide) World-Wide missions (Travel)


21 Questions ?

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