We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byMatteo Divine
Modified about 1 year ago
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas Small Area Analysis
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas What do we mean by small area analysis? Small area analysis is an assessment procedure that focuses on small specific geographic areas or populations in order to point up disparities or differences among them and between them and a larger statistical pattern. It is usually important to involve the community in conducting small area analysis.
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas Why conduct small area analysis? Small area analysis can identify disparities in health and services. It can show you issues you wouldn’t otherwise see. It helps you decide where to allocate resources. Small area analysis clarifies what problems, issues, and assets exist where. It can show what kind of effort is likely to be most effective in a particular place or with a particular population. Small area analysis can help to identify causes or contributing factors to a condition.
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas When should you conduct small area analysis? When small areas are what you’re responsible for. When you have to allocate limited resources among a large number of areas. When statistics don’t add up. When you’re trying to pinpoint sources or causes of conditions.
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas Who should be involved in conducting small area analysis? Community participation in small area analysis might require help from some of these and others: Citizens concerned with or affected by conditions that create disparities among groups in different areas or with different characteristics. Public health agencies, officials, and coalitions. Other public agencies that provide services (e.g., welfare, children’s services ). NGOs (non-governmental organizations) and community-based human service organizations. Community activists. Police and fire departments. Hospitals, clinics, and health professionals. Community developers. Community and regional planners. Municipal service departments, such as water, sewer, traffic, and public works. Foresters, wildlife biologists, and others concerned with the natural environment and unbuilt areas.
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas How do you conduct small area analysis? Encourage community involvement. Enlist key informants, community leaders, and others to help assemble a representative group to participate in initiating, planning, and implementing small area analysis. Identify the outcomes you hope will result from small area analysis. Some possibilities: Find and eliminate disparities among areas or populations. Address issues in places or among populations where they are most serious. Identify the potential environmental or social factors that may be responsible for the disparities or conditions you’re concerned with, and plan how your effort will address them. Figure out how to most effectively allocate resources in order to have the greatest impact.
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas How do you conduct small area analysis? Define the small areas you’ll examine City or town City neighborhood City block Public housing complex or other specific housing development Haitian immigrants People with a particular health condition Public health or other government agency service area Service area of a hospital, human service organization, etc. County Rural village or group of villages Favela or similar unincorporated living area Particular ethnic, racial, or cultural group School district Water district
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas How do you conduct small area analysis? Choose the information you’ll look for, including: Demographics Environmental factors that might contribute to disparities Social determinants related to disparities Context Decide where you’ll seek information. The census Organizational and institutional files Municipal records State and federal government agency files Direct, hands-on information gathering
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas How do you conduct small area analysis? Determine how you’ll analyze the information. Consider the timeliness of the information. Consider the quality of the information. Consider the geographic and demographic areas the information describes. Ask yourself questions that will help to identify and explain differences among small areas and between them and the larger community or statistical area. Are there disparities between small and larger areas? Are there disparities among small areas? Are there disparities within small areas? Are there factors in the physical environment that might contribute to or explain differences? Are there social, political, and/or economic factors (social determinants of health or SDOH) that might contribute to or explain differences? Are there cultural differences among the residents of small areas that contribute to the differences? Are there trends that show the issue increasing or decreasing in particular small areas or among particular population groups? Are numbers dependent on when measurements were taken? Do you know something the numbers don’t?
Copyright © 2014 by The University of Kansas How do you conduct small area analysis? Evaluate your small area analysis effort. Start evaluation at the beginning of the effort. Develop questions to be answered by the evaluation, and then structure the evaluation so that it will answer them. Encourage community participation in structuring and carrying out the evaluation. Use both quantitative and qualitative (based on non-quantitative measures of change by those implementing and experiencing it – anecdotes, observations, changes in related conditions, etc.) methods of evaluating your effort. Use evaluation results to inform the process, methods, and implementation of your effort.
Using the PAHO Guide for Documenting Health Promotion Initiatives.
Windshield and Walking Surveys. Windshield surveys are systematic observations made from a moving vehicle. Walking surveys are systematic observations.
The Project Cycle Management Course presented by Simon Pluess World Alliance of YMCAs.
Linda Kenney, MPH November 6, MATERNAL & CHILD HEALTH SERVICES BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM GENERAL INTRODUCTION REQUIREMENTS 2.
Program Evaluation Webinar Series Part 2: “Getting Started and Engaging Your Stakeholders” Presented by: Leslie Fierro and Carlyn Orians.
1 Project Identification Module 5 Session 4. 2 Summary This session gives introduction and approaches to project identification. It looks at: the context.
RISK ANALYSIS. Almost all of the things that we do involve risk of some kind, but it can sometimes be challenging to identify risk, let alone to prepare.
Module 2: National IEA process design and organization.
Planning is a process which ends up with a plan A plan should give you answers to three questions: What am I trying to achieve? What am I going to do?
Mobilizing the Community Unit 5 A Guide to Strengthen the Capacity of Promotoras.
A Model for Program Planning in Health Promotion PRECEDE - PROCEED.
Developing and Using Institutional Plans. Christopher D. Lambert Associate Director of Commission Relations ACCSCT.
STREET OUTREACH. GOALS OF COURSE Identify who and what we are looking for. To identify techniques that can help in development of effective outreach.
EVIDENCED-BASED ADVOCACY: WHAT IT IS? STEPS TOWARDS BUILDING THE ADVOCACY PLAN From Research to Advocacy.
Action Research Not traditional educational research often research tests theory not practical Teacher research in classrooms and/or schools/districts.
Learning Objectives 6.1 Explain the importance of mission, vision, and value statement and how they set the foundation for the planning process. 6.2 Describe.
Research Methods in Crime and Justice Chapter 12 Qualitative Research Methods.
The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement Rebecca Derenge Office of Instructional Services West Virginia Department.
Diversity Issues in Research Charlotte Brown, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Psychiatry Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic PMBC Summer Institute, Pittsburgh,
World Health Organization Health impact assessment explained.
1 Monitoring and Evaluation Use of statistics Module 5 Session 9.
CBR 302 A Hands-On Approach to Qualitative Methods and Analysis.
1 of 20 Information Dissemination Audiences and Markets IMARK Investing in Information for Development Information Dissemination Audiences and Markets.
Enter CBED Elements Urban Subpopulation Human Health Intrinsic (Biological) Factors: Age Gender Nutritional Status Disease Constitution Disease State Immunologic.
Top Tips on Funding Bids Maximizing your organisation’s chances.
Facilitating Change Through Decision Making Chapter 7.
Anonymous Services, Hard to Reach Participants, and Issues around Outcome Evaluation Centre for Community Based Research United Way of Peel Region Roundtable.
What does this mean for you? Meeting the Challenges in Implementing Evidence-Based Practices and Treatments in Ontario.
NEEDS ASSESSMENT Theoretical Frameworks. Defining or Considering Needs Need is relative, but norms are established “A condition that limits a person.
MAPP Process & Outcome Evaluation. Good Evaluation… Is not an afterthought or something that is done only if there is extra money. Measures progress and.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.