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Women During WWI. Before the War -Seen for “traditional” roles and duties. -Recognized as objects of beauty, not for what they did. (yet they did a lot)

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Presentation on theme: "Women During WWI. Before the War -Seen for “traditional” roles and duties. -Recognized as objects of beauty, not for what they did. (yet they did a lot)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Women During WWI

2 Before the War -Seen for “traditional” roles and duties. -Recognized as objects of beauty, not for what they did. (yet they did a lot)

3 Before WWI

4 WWI Was a turning point For Women Men left overseas for WWI, Men left overseas for WWI,

5 Women are forced/welcomed into the Workforce Women entered for 2 reasons, Women entered for 2 reasons, –1, Their sole support was gone and they needed money to survive –2, Factories were in demand of labour for the war effort.

6 Women’s New Roles Emergency war jobs, phone operators, telegraphers and stenographers, Rail Road Workers, Emergency war jobs, phone operators, telegraphers and stenographers, Rail Road Workers, Factories, factories, factories. Factories, factories, factories.

7 Roles in the factories Over 30,000 Canadian women worked in factories during the war making military supplies (guns, bullets, uniforms, ships, tanks etc). Women also employed as welders, fitters, machinists, riveters and numerous other jobs that before the war were considered to be “men’s work.”

8 Not all good! Workers or slaves ?? Workers or slaves ?? Women paid ½ salary of men. Women paid ½ salary of men. (they had no union) and male unions anti- losing their jobs. (they had no union) and male unions anti- losing their jobs. Near end of the war Women Unions did form, mostly working conditions not salaries raise. Near end of the war Women Unions did form, mostly working conditions not salaries raise. “Canaries” from sulfur. “Canaries” from sulfur.

9 War At Home New idea of war being fought on the home front, (this is perpetuated in WWII.) Woman can help fight the war at home; –C–C–C–Conserve coal, fuel, food, clothing, money –P–P–P–Prepare items for war (cloths, blanket, etc) This is done through Peer and Media pressure

10 War at Home con’t Children in blind schools in Canada spent time knitting and sewing items to be sent to Canadian soldiers fighting overseas. Children in blind schools in Canada spent time knitting and sewing items to be sent to Canadian soldiers fighting overseas. Along with others women who could not go overseas or work in a factory, they made things like socks, scarves, balaclavas pillows sheets, flannel shirts etc. Along with others women who could not go overseas or work in a factory, they made things like socks, scarves, balaclavas pillows sheets, flannel shirts etc.

11 Propaganda

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13 Some more Propaganda

14 Power of Persuasion Posters in Canada urged women to give their husbands and sons permission to join. Posters in Canada urged women to give their husbands and sons permission to join. Canadian women walked the streets and encouraged fit young men to enlist Canadian women walked the streets and encouraged fit young men to enlist White feather campaign. Women would handout white feathers to able body men who were not willing to join (public humiliation). White feather campaign. Women would handout white feathers to able body men who were not willing to join (public humiliation).

15 Their New Duties -Keep soldiers equipped, - and the nation moving.

16 Woman’s Land Army In Britain and USA as sons and husbands off at war, women grouped together and were paid to farm. In Britain and USA as sons and husbands off at war, women grouped together and were paid to farm. Hard labour, as tractors and fuel were saved for the war effort. Hard labour, as tractors and fuel were saved for the war effort. Women also would raise money for the war effort. Women also would raise money for the war effort.

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18 Women did not have to stay away from the front Nursing was the primary way to help overseas. Nursing was the primary way to help overseas. –VAD, Voluntary Aid Detachment, had $$ –FANY, Fist aid nurses Yeomanry, less glamorous, drove ambulances, bathed patients, removed bodies, as well as soup kitchens –2000 women enlisted in Canadian Armed forces as nurses Reasons for going; Reasons for going; –need $$, adventure, get out of roles, –help war effort Canadian Women were employed by the Royal Air Force as truck drivers, mechanics and ambulance drivers Canadian Women were employed by the Royal Air Force as truck drivers, mechanics and ambulance drivers.

19 Their propaganda

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21 Not all glamorous “We slept in our clothes and cut our hair short so that it would tuck inside our caps. Dressing simply meant putting on our boots. There were times when we had to scrape the lice off with the blunt edge of a knife and our cloths stuck to us” Elizabeth de T’Saecales, nurse on front line “We slept in our clothes and cut our hair short so that it would tuck inside our caps. Dressing simply meant putting on our boots. There were times when we had to scrape the lice off with the blunt edge of a knife and our cloths stuck to us” Elizabeth de T’Saecales, nurse on front line Nurse were 16+, Nurse were 16+,

22 Conclusion Women emerge from male-dominated society. (turning point for women). Women emerge from male-dominated society. (turning point for women). This sets the stage for 1918 when women given political power, Winnipeg, This sets the stage for 1918 when women given political power, Winnipeg, Lets look at Nellie McClung and her key Role. Lets look at Nellie McClung and her key Role.


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