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Chapter 19.2 Americ a Joins the Allies The Sinking of the Lusitania.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 19.2 Americ a Joins the Allies The Sinking of the Lusitania."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chapter 19.2

3 Americ a Joins the Allies

4 The Sinking of the Lusitania

5 The Zimmerman Telegram

6 The Yanks Are Coming! The Yanks Are Coming!

7 The budget for the US Army increased from $377,941 in 1917 to $4,869,955 in 1918 because of the US entry into WWI. The budget for the US Navy increased from $239,633 to $1,278,840. What products would the army/navy need to buy with the additional money? What does soldiers/sailors need to live? What is needed to help them train? How will people get to places the army/navy need them to go?

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9  What do soldiers need to live?  What is needed to help them train properly?  How will military personnel get to the places the army and navy are sending them too?

10 “The Draft” Enlistment  Selective Service Act ◦ Required men to register in order to be randomly selected for military service  24 million registered, 1 million actually went to fight  Women not allowed to enlist  When people choose to enter the army

11 The Most FamousRecruitmentPoster FamousRecruitmentPoster

12 Uncle Sam—He the Man!

13 Don’t Mess with the U. S.

14 “ Huns (Germans) Kill Women and Children!”

15 The “Little Soldier”

16 Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Take it on the run, on the run, on the run, Hear them calling you and me, Every son of liberty. Hurry right away, no delay, go today, Make your daddy glad to have had such a lad, Tell your sweetheart not to pine, To be proud her boy's in line. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Take it on the run, on the run, on the run, Hear them calling you and me, Every son of liberty. Hurry right away, no delay, go today, Make your daddy glad to have had such a lad, Tell your sweetheart not to pine, To be proud her boy's in line.

17 Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there! Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there!

18 Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Johnnie show the Hun you're a son of a gun, Hoist the flag and let her fly, Yankee Doodle do or die. Pack your little kit, show your grit, do your bit, Yankees to the ranks from the towns and the tanks, Make your momma proud of you And the old Red White and Blue. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Johnnie show the Hun you're a son of a gun, Hoist the flag and let her fly, Yankee Doodle do or die. Pack your little kit, show your grit, do your bit, Yankees to the ranks from the towns and the tanks, Make your momma proud of you And the old Red White and Blue.

19 com/watch?v=wbgg EGUaE28

20 Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there! We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there!

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22 ◦ 8 months of training, ½ in Europe, ½ in US ◦ 17 hour days on target practice bayonet drill, kitchen duty, cleaning ◦ Often used fake weapons

23 24,000,000 men registered for the draft by the end of ,800,000 men served in WW1 (2,000,000 saw active combat). 400,000 African-Americans served in segregated units. 15,000 Native-Americans served as scouts, messengers, and snipers in non-segregated units.

24  Not allowed to enlist  Served without rank, pay and benefits in the Army Core of Nurses  13,000 as nurses, secretaries, and telephone operators

25 YWCA – The Blue Triangle

26 Munitions Work

27 The Girls They Left Behind Do Their Bit!

28 Women Used In Recruitment Hello, Big Boy!

29 Even Grandma Buys Liberty Bonds

30 The Red Cross - Greatest Mother in the World

31 The Red Cross Nurse

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33 Opportunities for African-Americans in WW1 War industries work. Enlistment in segregated units.

34 True Sons of Freedom

35 For “Colored” Men in Service

36 African-Americans on a Troop Ship Headed for France

37 The US needed a way to transport men, food & equipment Four steps taken to expand Navy 1.Exempted shipyard workers from the draft 2.US Chamber of Commerce joined public relations campaign to emphasize importance of shipyard work 3.Made ships using standardized parts & assembly line 4.Government took over private ships & converted them for war use

38  Heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across Atlantic  Cut shipping losses in half

39  After 2.5 years of fighting the Allied forces were demoralized.  They appreciated American freshness and newness

40 Americans in the Trenches

41 The War of the Industrial Revolution: New Technology

42 French Renault Tank

43 British Tank at Ypres

44 U-Boats

45 Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats

46 The Airplane “Squadron Over the Brenta” Max Edler von Poosch, 1917

47 Curtis-Martin U. S. Aircraft Plant

48 The Zeppelin

49 Flame Throwers Grenade Launchers

50 Poison Gas Machine Gun

51 Timeline of American troops going on the offensive  1917 Americans stop German advance in France.  July and August helped win Second Battle of the Marne  September 1917 mounted offensives against the Germans  October 1918, Alvin York kills 25 Germans and captured 132 prisoners

52 1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies 50,000,000 – 100,000,000 died 50,000,000 – 100,000,000 died

53 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!

54 9,000,000 Dead 9,000,000 Dead

55 The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died

56 World War I Casualties

57  Civilian Deaths – 11 million  Military Deaths – 11 million  Injuries – 20 million  Refugees (people that lost their homes) – 10 million  Estimated Economic Costs


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