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Ed Felt & Sriram Srinivasan BEA Systems, Inc. Advanced Distributed Transaction Processing with BEA WebLogic Server ™ 6.0.

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Presentation on theme: "Ed Felt & Sriram Srinivasan BEA Systems, Inc. Advanced Distributed Transaction Processing with BEA WebLogic Server ™ 6.0."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ed Felt & Sriram Srinivasan, BEA Systems, Inc. Advanced Distributed Transaction Processing with BEA WebLogic Server ™ 6.0

2 Agenda Why use transactions? What capabilities does BEA WebLogic Server 6.0 provide? How to program? How to configure and monitor? References Questions & Answers

3 Benefit #1: Data Consistency Ensure data integrity when accessing more than one data store, especially in distributed environment Simple model for application programmer: A A - atomic C C - consistent I I - isolated D D - durable

4 Benefit #2: Monitoring & Management A transaction is a higher-level unit of work than a database query or an object invocation –BEA WebLogic Server allows transactions to be given a semantic name (“TransferFunds” or “ReserveSeat” or “CheckOut”) –Transaction Name is reported in error messages –Statistics subtotals categorized by Transaction Name

5 Benefit #3: Timeouts & Overload Protection Transactions are subject to timeout –30 second default Application code (or the EJB container) can mark a transaction “rollback only” In an overloaded system, BEA WebLogic Server: –Times out requests (who waits 30+ seconds for a Web page to return?) –Avoids wasted work on “doomed” transactions –Eventually refuses to begin new transactions when there are too many already running (configurable parameter)

6 Supported Configurations Multiple servers may participate in a distributed transaction –Clustered or non-clustered –Need not be in same administrative domain –Requires connectivity and permissions Clients may initiate transactions and infect multiple servers –Commit responsibility is handed off to a server –Clients may not enlist resources or register synchronization callbacks Multiple XA resources may participate in same transaction –More than one coordinated by “two-phase commit” algorithm

7 Relationship with Other Subsystems JDBC –Recognized any JDBC driver that implements JDBC 2.0 XA extensions –BEA provides Type 2 XA driver for Oracle 8.1.6 client –JDBC wrapper enhances performance JMS –Supports XA, can participate in JTA transactions –All storage types: database, file, non-persistent EJB –Automatically manages transactions based on EJB’s deployment descriptor

8 High-Level Architecture Transaction Manager XA-Capable Resource EJB Container Application JDBC Wrapper JTA JDBC JMS XA JDBC JTA

9 Performance Optimizations Boxcar algorithm for multiple commit records per I/O One-phase commit optimization Read-only branch optimization Dynamic resource enlistment optimization Piggy-back transaction propagation Multiple operations per coordination message Asynchronous, parallel coordination architecture with retry

10 Programming APIs Good news! In many cases, transactions are controlled by the EJB Container, and an application programmer writes no code for transactions The UserTransaction object provides simple begin/commit/rollback functionality for applications that need to explicitly demarcate transaction boundaries More powerful transaction objects normally used by the Application Server and EJB Container are available to applications with complex transactional requirements BEA WebLogic Server extensions for convenience and added value

11 JTA Interfaces UserTransaction –Basic methods to begin, commit, rollback transactions and get/set status TransactionManager –Adds suspend, resume, get thread’s current Transaction object Transaction –Represents on transaction, controls enlistment and synchronization Synchronization –Callback interface for before/after completion notification XAResource Xid Various exceptions and status codes

12 BEA WebLogic Server Extensions weblogic.transaction.TxHelper –Static methods to get Transaction, UserTransaction, and TransactionManager objects weblogic.transaction.Transaction –Get/set transaction name, transaction properties –Get/set rollback reason –Get timeout information –Get Xid weblogic.transaction.TransactionManager –XA resource registration –Get transaction object by Xid –Force suspend/resume (without XA calls)

13 Configuration Parameters (Per Domain) Transaction Timeout Seconds –Default number of seconds for transaction timeout, unless overridden by API call or EJB container Abandon Timeout Seconds –After X number of seconds, stop trying to resolve branch(es) of a committed transaction and log an error –Should never happen unless resource dies during commit processing and does not come back Forget Heuristics –When resource reports a heuristic completion, log an error message and then tell resource to “forget”about that transaction

14 Configuration Parameters (Per Domain) Before Completion Iteration Limit –Maximum number of times a server will iterate through registered Synchronization objects for the same transaction –Prevents infinite loops when one Synchronization callback causes another Synchronization object registration Max Transactions –Maximum number of transactions that can be simultaneously active on a server Max Unique Name Statistics –Maximum number of transaction names remembered for categorizing statistic subtotals

15 Configuration Options

16 Configuration Parameters (Per Server) Transaction Log File Prefix –Each server that coordinates a two-phase commit transaction writes to the transaction log at commit time and reads the transaction log during crash recovery –A transaction log is stored in multiple files Space is reclaimed automatically Never delete these files –Default location is server’s current directory –Highly reliable file system is recommended (RAID, etc.) –File naming convention: Prefix + ServerName + 9999 + “.tlog” (9999 = unique number)

17 Configuration Parameters (JDBC) Transaction branches –Connection pool name determines transaction branch qualifier –Different pool names cause separate branches, even if connected to same database –Databases typically provide lock isolation between branches, shared locks within a branch –Benefits of multiple branches: Lock isolation protects independently developed components from unexpected cross-interference –Drawbacks of multiple branches: Lock conflicts can cause deadlock/timeout More overhead in transaction coordination, more XA calls

18 Configuration Parameters (JDBC) JDBCTxDataSource wrapper for non-XA database drivers –If EnableTwoPhaseCommit=“false” (the default) and a non-XA JDBC driver is supplied, commit() will fail unless this is the only transaction participant –If EnableTwoPhaseCommit=“true” a non-XA JDBC driver may participate in a transaction with multiple participants, however there is a risk that the non- XA driver might fail at commit time This is reported as a heuristic rollback exception

19 Monitoring Counters –Overall –Subtotal by XAResource –Subtotal by Transaction name Specific transactions –List transactions more than XX seconds old –“Old” transactions are the most interesting ones

20 Monitoring Summary

21 Monitoring Stats by Name

22 Monitoring Stats by Resource

23 Monitoring Individual Transactions

24 Coming Attractions Ongoing integration testing and cooperation with XA resource providers Support for transaction export/import to/from external systems via interposed gateway architecture Additional internal enhancements for reliability, overload tolerance, and performance Additional management, monitoring, statistics

25 References Specifications – – BEA WebLogic Server 6.0 Documentation – News Group –news://

26 Questions & Answers

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