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Canada and the Great War The Western Front 1914 - 1918.

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Presentation on theme: "Canada and the Great War The Western Front 1914 - 1918."— Presentation transcript:

1 Canada and the Great War The Western Front

2 Canada’s entry How did Canada find itself in World War I?

3 Early recruitment

4 Sam Hughes with MacAdam shovel and Ross Rifle

5 The Western Front Definition: the battle front between German and allied forces in northern France and Belgium. western_front.shtml Site of a war of attrition: –Very little movement or success for either side –Both sides tried to wear each other down with casualties

6 New technologies contributed to war of attrition – how? Machine gun Artillery Chlorine and Mustard Gas

7 Trench Warfare

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9 “Going over the top”

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11 Mud!

12 “trench foot”

13 Battle of Ypres II First use of chlorine gas

14 The Somme Objective New tech Casualties Results

15 1st Newfoundland Regiment Newfoundland in the war Beaumont-Hamel objective Results

16 Recruiting Sergeant – Great Big Sea Two recruiting Sergeants came to the CLB To the sons of the merchants, to join the Blue Puttees So all hands enlisted, 500 young men Enlist you Newfoundlanders and come follow me They crossed the broad Atlantic in the brave Florizel And on the sands of Suvla, they entered into hell

17 And on the bloody beaches the first of them fell »Chorus: Well it’s over the mountains and over the sea Come brave Newfoundlanders and join the Blue Puttees You’ll fight the Hun in Flanders and at Gallipoli Enlist you Newfoundlanders and come follow me

18 When the call came from London for the last July drive In the trenches with the regiment – prepare yourself to die At roll call next morning just a handful survived Enlist you Newfoundlanders and come follow me

19 The stone men on Water Street still cry for the day when the pride of the city went marching away A thousand men slaughtered just to hear the King say “Enlist you Newfoundlanders and come follow me”

20 Read Flanders Fields by John McCrae (1915) and Dulce et Decorum Est by Owen (1917) Message of each poem What do they show about changing attitudes toward the war?

21 Battle of Vimy Ridge, April 1917

22 Preparation: creation and use of giant plasticine model of the ridge

23 Preparation: Tunnel network – how would it be used by both sides?

24 Preparation: Providing troops with maps and detailed information.

25 Preparation – 2 week long heavy artillery barrage. What would this accomplish?

26 Artillery hitting barbed wire

27 “ Creeping barrage” innovation

28 Soldiers advancing behind a tank.

29 Impact of Vimy On the war On Canada’s role in the war On the country

30 Passchendaele Why was it significant?


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