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F27SB2 Software Development 2 Lecture 10: Java GUIs 7.

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Presentation on theme: "F27SB2 Software Development 2 Lecture 10: Java GUIs 7."— Presentation transcript:

1 F27SB2 Software Development 2 Lecture 10: Java GUIs 7

2 Displaying images how to display images in a GUI? BufferedImage – from AWT – low level representation as array of pixels – image processing is complex Image – from AWT – displayable image – platform independent

3 Displaying images Icon – interface – from Swing – object that can draw a graphic of specified width/height at a specific location setIcon(Icon i) place Icon on JComponent

4 Displaying images ImageIcon – implementation of Icon interface – uses an Image to draw an Icon ImageIcon(String filename) constructs ImageIcon from image from a specified file then set ImageIcon on JComponent getImage() returns Image from ImageIcon

5 Display single image specify file name via main display in JLabel in JFrame import javax.swing.*; import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; class Photo1 extends JFrame { JLabel l;

6 Display single image Photo1() { setLayout(new GridLayout(1,1)); l = new JLabel("picture",JLabel.CENTER); l.setVisible(true); l.setOpaque(true); add(l); } void setPhoto(String s) { l.setIcon(new ImageIcon(s)); }

7 Display single image class TestPhoto1 { public static void main(String [] args) { Photo1 p = new Photo1(); p.setSize(400,420); p.setVisible(true); p.setTitle("Photo1"); p.addWindowListener (new WindowAdapter() { public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {System.exit(0);}}); p.setPhoto(args[0]); }

8 Display single image original image (EE5.jpg) display original image not same size/shape as display centre of image is displayed no scaling/resizing

9 Resizing image getScaledInstance (int width,int height,int hints) resizes Image to be width * height hints – determine how scaling is performed – we’ll use Image.SCALE_SMOOTH NB direct scaling to dimensions of JComponent may distort image if not same shape

10 Resizing image want resized image to retain original dimensions – new image width/new image height = old image width/old image height for given new image height: – new image width = new image height*old image width/old image height for given new image width: – new image height = new image width*old image height/old image width

11 Resizing image JLabel Image 1 lh lw i1h i1w image width/image height < JLabel width/ JLabel height new image height = JLabel height new image width = JLabel height* image width/ image height

12 Resizing image JLabel Image 2 lh lw i2w i2h image width/image height > JLabel width/ JLabel height new image width = JLabel width new image height = JLabel width*image height/ image width

13 Resizing image import javax.swing.*; import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; class Photo2 extends JFrame { JLabel l; Photo2() { setLayout(new GridLayout(1,1)); l = new JLabel("picture",JLabel.CENTER); l.setVisible(true); l.setOpaque(true); add(l); }

14 Resizing image void setPhoto(String s) { Image i1 = (new ImageIcon(s)).getImage(); int lw = l.getWidth(); int lh = l.getHeight(); int iw = i1.getWidth(this); int ih = i1.getHeight(this); int w = lw; int h = lh; if(iw>lw){ w = lw; h = lh*ih/iw; } else if(ih>lh){ w = lw*iw/ih; h = lh; } Image i2 = i1.getScaledInstance(w,h,Image.SCALE_SMOOTH); l.setIcon(new ImageIcon(i2)); }

15 Resizing image class TestPhoto2 { public static void main(String [] args) { Photo2 p = new Photo2(); p.setSize(400,420); p.setVisible(true); p.setTitle("Photo2"); p.addWindowListener (new WindowAdapter() { public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {System.exit(0);}}); p.setPhoto(args[0]); }

16 Resizing image original image (EE5.jpg) display

17 Photo Browser choose directory scroll through images which are.jpg or.JPG file name photo<> JFrame JLabel JButton

18 Photo Browser... class Browser extends JFrame implements ActionListener { JMenuBar jb; JMenu file; JMenuItem MNew,MOpen,MClose,MExit; JFileChooser files; JButton left,right; JLabel photo; JLabel fileName;

19 Photo Browser maintain array of File for contents of chosen directory File [] directory; keep track of current File in directory int current;

20 Photo Browser Browser() { jb = new JMenuBar(); file = new JMenu("Picture"); MOpen = new JMenuItem("Open"); MOpen.addActionListener(this); file.add(MOpen); jb.add(file); setJMenuBar(jb); files = new JFileChooser();

21 Photo Browser need file chooser which will only select directories change file chooser mode setFileSelectionMode(int mode) mode : DIRECTORIES_ONLY FILES_AND_DIERCTORIES FILES_ONLY

22 Photo Browser files.setFileSelectionMode (JFileChooser.DIRECTORIES_ONLY); Font f = new Font("Sans Serif",Font.BOLD,24); left = new JButton("<"); left.setFont(f); left.addActionListener(this); add(left,BorderLayout.WEST); photo = new JLabel(); add(photo,BorderLayout.CENTER);

23 Photo Browser right = new JButton(">"); right.setFont(f); right.addActionListener(this); add(right,BorderLayout.EAST); fileName = new JLabel("",JLabel.CENTER); fileName.setFont (new Font("Sans Serif",Font.PLAIN,18)); add(fileName,BorderLayout.NORTH); }

24 Photo Browser directories may contain files of mixed type check if file name ends with appropriate extension boolean endsWith(String s1,String s2) { int d = s1.length()-s2.length(); if(d<0)return false; for(int i = s2.length()-1;i>=0;i--) if(s1.charAt(i+d)!=s2.charAt(i)) return false; return true; } built in String method endsWith(String s)

25 Photo Browser require name & path information from File String getName() returns file name in directory String getPath() returns file path from root directory

26 Photo Browser boolean checkJPG(int i) { Image i1,i2; int ph,pw,ih,iw; String name = directory[i].getName(); if(endsWith(name,".jpg") || endsWith(name,".JPG")) { String path = directory[i].getPath(); i1 = (new ImageIcon(path)).getImage(); ph = photo.getHeight(); pw = photo.getWidth(); ih = i1.getHeight(this); iw = i1.getWidth(this); int w = pw; int h = ph;

27 Photo Browser if(iw>ih) { w = pw; h = ph*ih/iw; } else if(ih>iw) { w = pw*iw/ih; h = ph; } i2 = i1.getScaledInstance (w,h,Image.SCALE_SMOOTH); photo.setIcon(new ImageIcon(i2)); current = i; fileName.setText(name); return true; } return false; }

28 Photo Browser need list of directory contents from chooser selection File [] listFiles() returns array of File from chooser can then check each in turn to see if appropriate file type

29 Photo Browser public void doOpen() { int response = files.showOpenDialog(this); if(response==JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION) { File f = files.getSelectedFile(); directory = f.listFiles(); for(int i=0;i

30 Photo Browser public void doRight() { for(int i=current+1;i=0;i--) if(checkJPG(i)) return; }

31 Photo Browser public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) { if(e.getSource()==MOpen) doOpen(); else if(e.getSource()==left) doLeft(); else if(e.getSource()==right) doRight(); } class TestBrowser{...}

32 Photo Browser


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