Presentation on theme: "Rhetorical Devices For Dummies. Metonymy Metonymy is a form of metaphor, where one thing is replaced by another word which it is associated. The use of."— Presentation transcript:
Metonymy Metonymy is a form of metaphor, where one thing is replaced by another word which it is associated. The use of a particular metonymy makes a comment about the idea for which it has been substituted, and thereby helps to define that idea. Examples: The Crown had absolute power in the Middle Ages. Wisconsin won its first championship yesterday. The announcement came directly from the White House.
“ Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.” - Julius Caesar, III, ii “ I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly by Japan on Sunday…” Franklin D. Roosevelt– Pearl Harbor Speech, Dec. 8, 1941 “The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.” –Isaiah 13:1 Literary Examples of Metonymy
Simply the omission of understood words in a sentence. Also called “reduction” Examples: John forgives Mary and Mary, John. And he to England along with you. “…transgressed beyond…the normal bounds of human reason…” Ellipsis
“Set on; and leave no ceremony out.” -Julius Caesar “Enough of this; I pray thee, hold they peace.” – Romeo and Juliet “Welcome, Horatio; welcome, good Marcellus.” - Hamlet Literary Examples of Ellipsis
an adjective phrase appropriately qualifying a subject (noun) by naming a key or important characteristic of the subject. Examples: soothing lullaby soothing lullaby lazy trees tranquil spring raging fire Epithet
“It made Gudrun faint with poignant dizziness, which seemed to penetrate her heart.” –D.H. Lawrence, Women in Love “With confidence in our armed forces – with un- bounding determination of our people…” –Franklin D. Roosevelt, Pearl Harbor Speech “At length I heard a ragged noise and mirth of thieves and murderers…” –George Herbert Literary Examples of Epithet
Two different words linked to a verb or an adjective which is strictly appropriate to only one of them. Examples: She loved basketball, Amy soccer, and he football. Nor Mars his sword, nor war’s quick fire shall burn. Pride opresseth humility; hatred love; cruelty compassion. Zeugma
“Dost sometimes counsel take--and sometimes tea.” -Alexander Pope, The Rape of the Lock “…lose her Heart, or Necklace, at a Ball.“ - Alexander Pope, The Rape of the Lock “You held your breath and the door for me.“ -”Head Over Feet” Alanis Morissette Literary Examples of Zeugma
Use of conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause. Opposite of asyndeton. Examples: I went to the store and bought apples and oranges and grapes and pears. When I was younger I wanted to be a technician or a nurse or a doctor or brain surgeon. Justin Timberlake is cute and fine and hot. Polysyndeton
“If there be cords, or knives, poison, or fire, or suffocating streams, I’ll not endure it. –Othello, III, iii “…every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.” – “I have a dream speech,” Martin Luther King Jr. “…so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.” -Isaiah 24:1-2 (KJV) Literary Examples of Polysyndeton
Bibliography Harris, Robert A. A Handbook of Rhetorical Devices. 26 July 2002. 30 Mar. 2003. Harris, Robert A. A Handbook of Rhetorical Devices. 26 July 2002. 30 Mar. 2003. Pressley, J. M. "An Encapsulated Biography." Shakespeare Resource Center, September 12, 2001. October 11, 2001.. Pressley, J. M. "An Encapsulated Biography." Shakespeare Resource Center, September 12, 2001. October 11, 2001.. Burton, Gideon O. Silva Rhetoricae. Brigham Young University. 29 Mar. 2003. Burton, Gideon O. Silva Rhetoricae. Brigham Young University. 29 Mar. 2003. A Glossary of Rhetorical Terms with Examples. 29 Mar. 2003. A Glossary of Rhetorical Terms with Examples. 29 Mar. 2003. 'I Have A Dream\'. 28 Mar. 2003. 'I Have A Dream\'. 28 Mar. 2003. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. 27 Mar. 2003. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. 27 Mar. 2003.