2Section 3.1 FriendsFriendships grow, develop, and change throughout your life.2
3Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary acquaintance diverse peer compromiseexpectationjealousybenefitconfide
4What Is a Friend? A friend is someone: you like. who likes you. who shares similar interests.Friendships can develop from the acquaintances you have.acquaintanceA person one greets or meets fairly often, but with whom one does not have a close relationship.
5What Is a Friend?A give-and-take relationship means each person in a friendship benefits.Some friendships begin easily, but others take more effort.benefitHelp; useful aid; advantage.5
6What Is a Friend?Do not pass up a possible friendship because someone is different from you.People can differ in age, ethnicity, gender, and culture.6
7What Makes a Good Friend? Good friends are supportive, trustworthy, dependable, and reliable.During adolescence, most teens seek approval from their peers.peerA person of the same age.
8What Makes a good Friend? Your peers help fill your need for companionship and support.You can learn social skills, such as communication and compromise, from your peers.compromiseAn agreement in which each person gives up something in order to reach a solution that satisfies everyone.
9Changes in FriendshipChanges occur when friends move away, grow apart, and develop different interests.Some changes in friendships happen because of changing expectations.expectationA person’s idea about what should be or should not be.What are some expectations you have of your friends?
10Section 3.2 Peer PressureRecognizing the difference between positive and negative peer pressure can help you make smart decisions.
12Peers and Decision Making Peer pressure can be positive when your friends motivate you to do well.Peer pressure is negative when you feel pushed to engage in harmful activities.peer pressureThe influence one feels to go along with the behavior of one’s peers.
13Handle Peer Pressure Think ahead. Suggest other activities. Choose friends carefully.Talk to parents or counselors if you feel pressured.What are some fun, safe activities you might suggest doing with your friends?
14Handle Peer Pressure Refusal skills include: stating your feelings directly.using direct eye contact.avoiding compromise.refusal skillsCommunication tools that can help one say no when one feels pushed to take part in activities that are unsafe, unhealthful, or that go against one’s values.
15Handle Peer PressureTrying harmful substances like tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs can lead to addiction.Abstinence is the only sure way to protect yourself from high-risk behaviors.addictionA person’s physical or mental dependence on a drug or other substance.abstinenceThe decision to avoid high-risk behaviors, including sexual activity and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
16Assert YourselfYou will be better able to handle negative peer pressure if you act assertively.assertiveAble to express one’s views clearly and respectfully in a positive way.
17Assert Yourself Handle bullies by: telling parents or responsible adults.not striking back.responding firmly.staying away.The fight-or-flight response is your body’s physical and mental response to a threat.bullyA person who physically or verbally abuses someone with the intent to cause injury or discomfort.
18Chapter Summary Section 3.1 Friends Friendships develop when people meet and like each other.Good friendships are based on a give-and-take relationship.Friends enjoy good times together, help each other in bad times, accept each other as they are, and encourage and support each other.Good friends are supportive, caring, trustworthy, dependable, and reliable.Friendships will grow, develop, and change throughout your life.18
19Chapter Summary Section 3.2 Peer Pressure Positive peer pressure gives you a sense of belonging and encourages positive behavior.Negative peer pressure encourages participation in unsafe or unhealthful behaviors that go against your values.When faced with negative peer pressure, say “no” and walk away.Negative peer pressure can cause more than regrets.You will be better prepared to handle negative peer pressure if you learn how to use refusal skills and to act assertively.19
20ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
21acquaintance conocido A person one greets or meets fairly often, but with whom one does not have a close relationship.Una persona a la que uno saluda o encuentra con bastante frecuencia, pero con la cual no tiene una relación allegada.Show Definition
22Made up of many different parts. diversediversoMade up of many different parts.Compuesto de muchas partes diferentes.Show Definition
23Una persona de la misma edad. peerparA person of the same age.Una persona de la misma edad.Show Definition
24compromiseconcesiónAn agreement in which each person gives up something in order to reach a solution that satisfies everyone.Un acuerdo en el que cada persona renuncia a algo para llegar a una solución que satisfaga a todos.Show Definition
25A person’s idea about what should be or should not be. expectationexpectativaA person’s idea about what should be or should not be.La idea de una persona acerca de lo que debe o no debe ser.Show Definition
26jealousycelosWhen a person feels unhappy about someone else’s possessions, accomplishments, or luck.Cuando una persona se siente infeliz por las posesiones, los logros o la suerte de otra.Show Definition
27The influence one feels to go along with the behavior of one’s peers. peer pressurepresión de grupoThe influence one feels to go along with the behavior of one’s peers.La influencia que uno siente para tener el mismo comportamiento que sus pares.Show Definition
28refusal skills capacidad de negarse Communication tools that can help one say no when one feels pushed to take part in activities that are unsafe, unhealthful, or that go against one’s values.Herramientas de comunicación que pueden ayudarle a uno a decir no cuando se siente presionado a participar en actividades que son inseguras, insalubres o que van en contra de sus valores.Show Definition
29A person’s physical or mental dependence on a drug or other substance. addictionadicciónA person’s physical or mental dependence on a drug or other substance.La dependencia física o mental de una persona a una droga u otra sustancia.Show Definition
30abstinence abstinencia The decision to avoid high-risk behaviors, including sexual activity and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.La decisión de evitar comportamientos de alto riesgo, como la actividad sexual y el consumo del tabaco, el alcohol y otras drogas.Show Definition
31assertive seguro de sí mismo Able to express one’s views clearly and respectfully in a positive way.Capaz de expresar los puntos de vista propios de manera positiva,clara y respetuosa.Show Definition
32bullypeleónA person who physically or verbally abuses someone with the intent to cause injury or discomfort.Una persona que maltrata física o verbalmente a alguien con la intención de causar daño o malestar.Show Definition