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User Interfaces File I/O and Exceptions (c) IDMS/SQL News

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Presentation on theme: "User Interfaces File I/O and Exceptions (c) IDMS/SQL News"— Presentation transcript:

1 User Interfaces File I/O and Exceptions (c) IDMS/SQL News

2 File I/O Simple Example (c)http://www.geocities.com/idmssql 2 User Interfaces 4 In Java one can create at least 3 types of programs Windows AppletServlet Java Class A fourth can be applications run from Command Prompt (=DOS)

3 File I/O Simple Example (c)http://www.geocities.com/idmssql 3 Different User Interfaces 4 User interface can vary depending upon code execution is at client or server side 4 Here we take the simplest case of File I/O at the client side 4 Programs will be run from the command prompt (=dos window)

4 File I/O Simple Example (c)http://www.geocities.com/idmssql 4 I/O - File Based in Java ð We have already seen one form of output – print statement ð System.out.print(“Hello Printer”); ð In reality we are using the print method of the class PrintStream ð System.out is an instance of the class PrintStream ð Note: see tream.html

5 File I/O Simple Example (c)http://www.geocities.com/idmssql 5 Output file  We can define a file using class called FileOutputStream and PrintStream of package java.io  FileOutputStream fout= new FileOutputStream ("Writef1.out");  PrintStream myOutput = new PrintStream(fout);  Now one can write to the file “Write1.out” using myOutput.print commands!

6 File I/O Simple Example (c)http://www.geocities.com/idmssql 6 import java.io.*; // Class definition and implementation. public class Writef1 { public static void main (String args[]) { try { FileOutputStream fout= new FileOutputStream ("Writef1.out"); PrintStream myOutput = new PrintStream(fout); if (args.length == 0) { myOutput.println("Hello Nobody "); myOutput.println("Try with some arguments ");} else { for (int i=0; i < args.length; i = i+1) { myOutput.println(args[i]);}} } // try ends here catch (IOException e) { System.out.println("Error=" + e); System.exit(1); } // end of catch }

7 File I/O Simple Example (c)http://www.geocities.com/idmssql 7 Exceptions  try and catch statements  Try { code} catch (exception_type xyz1) { code to process this...}  There can be multiple catch blocks  like our ”call IDMS-STATUS”!  When doing file I/O exception must be coded  Note: There are other ways to handle exceptions in Java like a method throws....xyzException etc

8 File I/O Simple Example (c)http://www.geocities.com/idmssql 8 Exception Example Code class Except1 { public static void main (String args[]) { int i = 0; String [] greetings = { " Merry Christmas", " God Jul ", " Hyvää Joulua"}; try{ for (i=0; i < 4; i = i+1) { System.out.println(greetings[i]);} } // end of try catch (ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException e ) { System.out.println(" "); System.out.println(" Check Index Variable Value"); System.out.println(" ");} }}


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