Presentation on theme: "Sarah Hilton for revisionstation"— Presentation transcript:
1Sarah Hilton for revisionstation Is there a market for the business idea? Unit 1 Edexcel Economics and Business AS LevelSarah Hilton for revisionstation
2From the specPlease note: the website suggested in the spec is a subscription service and so is not used here
3Learning ObjectivesTo be able to discuss the following terms with confidence; market size, market niche, market segmentation analysisTo be able to answer past paper questions based on the topics
4Starter What kind of watch do you wear? Do you wear the same watch as: 1) the person next to you2) your parent3) me?Why do you think that is?Students should spot that they have different watches leads to a discussion about niche markets and designing products and services for different sectors.Sports / luxury / divers / chronograph/ fashion they can probably come up with an excellent diagram of all the market niches.
5Market size Size of the market can be measured in a variety of ways: Number of customers (perhaps per year, per month) a restaurant will look at number of “covers” a night% of market share in terms of volume for example a business may look at amount sold, 3,000 units sold this month£££ market size in terms of turnover or potential turnover.
6Market niche vs mass market Niche market is a small segment of the population who have a similar set of wants, needs and characteristics.Example: Walking bootsMass market is a product that is advertised to and aimed at EVERYONEExample: Toothpaste, cinema / films etc
7Market Niche characteristics A small market with unique characteristicsTend to demand higher prices – more unique products – attracts a niche demographicFewer consumers / better qualityFor example sky diving equipment – only needed by a small market therefore nicheProducts – which attract high prices for the specialist equipment
8Market segmentation Are you… Are you MaleFemaleAre you17-19 years oldOlderYoungerThere are some products which are gender specific – can you think of some There are some products that are age specific – any thoughts?
9Segmentation Classification of consumers or customers into categories AgeLifestyleGenderLocationDemographicPolitical viewpointEthnic originCultureLifestage (e.g. parent of toddler /retired)Interests / hobbiesSocio-economic
10Glossary – how’s your vocab? Market mapping…Niche marketing…Adding value…Market sampling…Market segment…Risk-taking…Non-ethical…Press escape key to view answersMarket mapping…to look at an entire market and decide on a number of factors whereNiche marketing…a small market with unique characteristicsAdding value… To add value to a product in some way, for example crisps are potatoes that have had value added to them through the production process, packaging, flavouring and marketing.Market sampling…Deciding on a group of people to ask questions of in a questionnaire. For example a cat food company may want to speak to all cat owners.Market segment…Part of a market, for example all customers who own a caravanRisk-taking…In business an entrepreneur that starts up a business may make a calculated risk with money that they invest into the new venture. They may lose the money if the venture is not a success – hence the risk.Non-ethical…Not morally correct, so if you know giving cigarettes to children in very poor countries to get them hooked is wrong – why continue to trade in that way?
11Sample question 1In April 2006, The Daily Telegraph reported that ‘Polish food shops and restaurants are continuing to open up and thrive on Britain’s high streets’. This trend continued to The establishment of Polish food shops and restaurants in Britain is evidence of A market mapping B niche marketing C adding value D market sampling 
12Answer question 1Correct answer is B – niche marketing - Definition of niche marketing (1) - Because the Polish population of UK will be relatively small (1) - Who have different tastes in food and other products (1) - Market mapping and market sampling are techniques to support product positioning (1) - Adding value is providing a product or service with an increment to provide customers with more for their money (1) Any acceptable answer which shows selective knowledge/application and/or development NB up to 2 marks out of 3 may be gained for part (b) if part (a) is incorrect. Maximum 2 marks for explaining why distracters are incorrect.
13Sample question 2B&Q and Jewson serve different segments of the market for building and decorating products. Which of the following is not a market segment for the above businesses? A Do It Yourself (DIY) enthusiasts B Self-employed electricians C Homebase stores D Private sector landlords 
14Answer question 2Correct answer is C Homebase stores - Market segmentation is how you classify people within a market according to age, gender, lifestyle, etc (1 mark) - Market segments share same characteristics, e.g. same age bracket (1 mark) - DIY enthusiasts, landlords and electricians will probably get supplies from B&Q/Jewson because of a regular need (1 mark) - but Homebase stores is a retailer/distribution channel/competitor of DIY products, not a type of buyer (1
15Sample question 3Sue Russell decided that she would leave her job at Denby Potteries (UK) Ltd in order to set up her own business. Which of the following is the most likely explanation for Sue’s decision to set up her own business? A To develop a niche market B To reduce risk-taking C For non-ethical reasons D To work independently 
16Answer question 3Correct answer d – to work independently - Defines niche market or non-ethical (1 mark) - Risk taking is naturally increased because she will be running her own business (1 mark) and no longer have the security of employment (1 mark) - Denby Potteries Ltd is a private sector business (1 mark) and so is unlikely to be too concerned with social and environmental benefits (1 mark) - Denby may already provide products for a niche market (1 mark) but Sue could not be in a position to actually develop the market (1 mark) - This decision might enable Sue to earn more money (1 mark) than she received as a salary when employed (1 mark) - Other reasons for selling in business, e.g. something new, make more money (1 mark)
17Sample question 4In December 2009, it was reported that Ferrero chocolates, imported from Italy, are available only in niche shops in India. Which of the following is not true about niche markets? A Prices tend to be high B Supply tends to be low C The number of consumers tends to be low D Effective demand tends to be high 
18Answer question 4Correct answer is D Effective demand tends to be high 3(b) - Niche markets are small markets with distinctive specialist requirements (1 mark) - Therefore there will be fewer consumers (1 mark) - Prices tend to be high because the products being sold are either specialist or distinctive quality (1 mark)