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Nondegenerate Solutions of Dispersionless Toda Hierarchy and Tau Functions Teo Lee Peng University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus L.P. Teo, “Conformal Mappings.

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Presentation on theme: "Nondegenerate Solutions of Dispersionless Toda Hierarchy and Tau Functions Teo Lee Peng University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus L.P. Teo, “Conformal Mappings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nondegenerate Solutions of Dispersionless Toda Hierarchy and Tau Functions Teo Lee Peng University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus L.P. Teo, “Conformal Mappings and Dispersionless Toda hierarchy II: General String Equations”, Commun. Math. Phys. 297 (2010),

2 Dispersionless Toda Hierarchy Dispersionless Toda hierarchy describes the evolutions of two formal power series: with respect to an infinite set of time variables t n, n  Z. The evolutions are determined by the Lax equations:

3 where The Poisson bracket is defined by

4 The corresponding Orlov-Schulman functions are They satisfy the following evolution equations: Moreover, the following canonical relations hold:

5 Generalized Faber polynomials and Grunsky coefficients Given a function univalent in a neighbourhood of the origin: and a function univalent at infinity: The generalized Faber polynomials are defined by

6 The generalized Grunsky coefficients are defined by They can be compactly written as

7 Hence,

8 It follows that

9 Given a solution of the dispersionless Toda hierarchy, there exists a phi function and a tau function such that Identifying then Tau Functions

10 Riemann-Hilbert Data The Riemann-Hilbert data of a solution of the dispersionless Toda hierarchy is a pair of functions U and V such that and the canonical Poisson relation

11 Nondegenerate Soltuions If and therefore Hence, then Such a solution is said to be degenerate.

12 If Then

13 Hence,

14 We find that and we have the generalized string equation: Such a solution is said to be nondegenerate.

15

16 Let Define

17 One can show that

18 Define Proposition:

19 where

20 is a function such that

21 Hence,

22 Let Then

23 We find that

24 Hence, Similarly,

25 Special Case

26 Generalization to Universal Whitham Hierarchy K. Takasaki, T. Takebe and L. P. Teo, “Non-degenerate solutions of universal Whitham hierarchy”, J. Phys. A 43 (2010),

27 Universal Whitham Hierarchy Lax equations:

28 Orlov-Schulman functions They satisfy the following Lax equations and the canonical relations

29 where They have Laurent expansions of the form

30 we have From

31 In particular,

32 Hence, and

33 The free energy F is defined by Free energy

34 Generalized Faber polynomials and Grunsky coefficients Notice that

35 The generalized Grunsky coefficients are defined by

36 The definition of the free energy implies that

37 Riemann-Hilbert Data: Nondegeneracy implies that for some function H a.

38 Nondegenerate solutions

39 One can show that and

40 Construction of  a It satisfies

41 Construction of the free energy Then

42 Special case

43


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