Presentation on theme: "Values 1)Standards by which a culture judges an item good or bad 2)Broad ideas about what most people in a society consider to be desirable 3) Form the."— Presentation transcript:
Values 1)Standards by which a culture judges an item good or bad 2)Broad ideas about what most people in a society consider to be desirable 3) Form the basis for norms
American Values Value of the individual The individual has rights above that of general society and government. Success occurs at the level of the individual. People should not have to fight for their rights. The government should protect the rights of the individual, not the other way around. Achievement and success Success is measured by the accumulation of power, status, wealth and property. What you already have is not as important as what you continue to accumulate. A retired wealthy person was successful, but is now less admirable. Change and progress Change is inevitable. Progress is good and leads to success. If you do not keep up, you will fall behind. Newer is always better. The next version will be better than the last. Ethical equality All people are equal, both spiritually and in the opportunities they deserve. This includes differences in race, gender, disability, age, sexual preference and so on. Effort and optimism Hard work and striving is the key to success. The great American Dream of fame and fortune comes to those who work hard and never give up. Efficiency, practicality and pragmatism Solution is more important than ideology. Utility is more important than show. A key question to any idea is 'Will it work?'
Values form the basis for Norms Values I Norms I I I Mores Folkways Taboos I Many Mores Are Laws I Conformity Required
Values form norms which many times become laws U.S. –Value- freedom Norm-Government cant take my personal freedom Law-4 th amendment (Must have a warrant to search my house) Not all mores become laws(Cheating on a test) Not all laws started out as mores(Fine for overtime parking meter)
Norms Are rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior. This is because once norms are learned, members of a society use them to guide their social behavior. Norms are so ingrained they guide behavior without our awareness. Ex. Cutting in front of someone in a line violates a norm.
Distinction between Mores and Folkways Folkways are of a more general and wider character than mores. Mores imply a value judgment about the folkways Mores are more effective and are always molding and restraining the tendencies of the individuals than the folkways. It is out of mores and not folkways that our profound convictions of right and wrong come. -Mores are less deeply rooted in society and change more rapidly than the mores which are more deeply rooted and change less frequently. Folkways change with one’s social status and occupational position but mores do not change that way. Violations of mores but not of the folkways are looked upon as an evident danger to the right of others.
Mores Mores: norms with great moral significance attached to them Fighting- Arrested ? Suspended?
Folkways What is the difference between folkways,mores, and taboo Folkways-folkways: norms that describe socially acceptable behavior without great moral significance attached to them Not considered vital to group welfare Chew with your mouth closed Will you be arrested? Suspended from school? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNAQheU36ws
Taboo Taboo-Marrying your sister Incest is Universal taboo