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ECONOMIC POLICYMAKING. Who controls the Economy today? The President AND Congress!

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Presentation on theme: "ECONOMIC POLICYMAKING. Who controls the Economy today? The President AND Congress!"— Presentation transcript:

1 ECONOMIC POLICYMAKING

2 Who controls the Economy today? The President AND Congress!

3 The Federal Economy The PresidentThe Congress 1921 Budget & Congress hands over Accounting Actthe reigns to the President to prepare the budget CEA- Council of Economic Advisors (3 members) OMB- Congressional Budget Office of Management & Budget & Impoundment Act 1974 (over 500 workers) CBO- Congressional Budget Office

4 Market vs. Non Market Economies

5 ADAM SMITH Government keep your hands out of Business! ADAM SMITH

6 LAISSEZ FAIRE

7 JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES We can control the Economy! Aggregate Demand can be controlled through Monetary and Fiscal means.

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9 FISCAL POLICIES SPENDING & TAXING

10 MONETARY POLICIES Money Supply & Interest Rates

11 The Federal Reserve Established Members all appointed by the president in office 14 yr. Tenure Federal Chairman BEN BERNANKE

12 TAXES WE PAY Property- pays for education, police, and fire protection Excise- ex: gasoline tax Personal- tax on your income Sales Tax- State and Local OH= 6% Geauga County- 6.5% Cuyahoga County- 7.5%

13 TAXES WE PAY Payroll Taxes- Social Security, Medicare etc. Licenses- Social Insurance- Social Security User Fees- turnpike tolls

14 Tax Bracket (Single)Marginal Tax Rate $0+0.59% $5, % $10, % $15, % $20, % $40, % $81, % $102, % $204, % 2013 Ohio Income Tax Table

15 Tax BracketMarried Filing JointlySingle 10% Bracket$0 – $17,400$0 – $8,700 15% Bracket$17,400 – $70,700$8,700 – $35,350 25% Bracket$70,700 – $142,700$35,350 – $85,650 28% Bracket$142,700 – $217,450$85,650 – $178,650 33% Bracket$217,450 – $388,350$178,650 – $388,350 35% BracketOver $388,350 Federal Income Tax Brackets for 2012 Forbes Magazine ---forbes.com

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17 Figure 18.2 Federal Spending in 2011, by Function 17

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19 TARP Troubled Asset Relief Programs Passed in 2008 by President Bush

20 American Recovery and Reinvestment ActAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) 2009 February 13 ARRA was passed by both the House and Senate. Originally intended to be a bipartisan bill, the passage of the bill was largely along party lines. No Republicans voted for it in the House & three moderate Republicans voted for it in the Senate Collins and Snowe of Maine and Specter of PA. The bill combined TAX BREAKS with spending on INFRASTRUCTURE Projects, extension of welfare benefits, and education. The final cost of the bill was $787 billion, and almost $1.2 trillion with debt service included. President Obama signed the Act into law on February 17, 2009.


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