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Infinitives are a form of the verb that comes after the word to and acts as a noun, adjective, or adverbs. EX: I wanted to go to the dentist Infinitive.

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Presentation on theme: "Infinitives are a form of the verb that comes after the word to and acts as a noun, adjective, or adverbs. EX: I wanted to go to the dentist Infinitive."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Infinitives are a form of the verb that comes after the word to and acts as a noun, adjective, or adverbs. EX: I wanted to go to the dentist Infinitive phrases take on several functions in a sentence: Nouns (as Subject, Direct Object, Complement), Adjectives or Adverbs He likes to play chess. The Infinitive Phrase Page 10 Infinitive phrase infinitives prepositional phrase

3 1.To master a language is time-consuming. 2.To complete a journey island wide must be exciting. 3.To see is to believe. 4.To fly an airplane upside down can be very dangerous. Infinitive Phrase as Subject

4 1.Jean tried to get along with new classmates. 2.I like to do window shopping. 3.I want to enjoy myself tonight. Infinitive Phrase as Direct Object

5 1.Jean’s life-long goal is to win a Nobel prize for physics. (S.C.) 2.I want you to tell the truth. 3.We expected the speech to be interesting but it wasn’t. (O.C.) (O.C.) Infinitive Phrase as Complement

6 1.A good play to read is the Skin of Our Teeth. 2.John willingly pays more money at the best places to eat good steaks. 3.The man to see about this is the president of the company. 4.The Alps is the perfect place to yodel on a mountaintop. Infinitive Phrase as Adjective

7 1.To be a professional pianist, Peter will have to practice many more years. 2.Elvis ran to catch the train. 3.Mary shouted to vent out her sorrow. Infinitive Phrase as Adverb 4. 4.The driver stopped to avoid the collision I am happy to see you. (modifying “happy”)

8 Verb + Infinitives agreeappearaffordattemptdecide expecthopeintendneedoffer planpretendpromiserefuseseem trywantwould like

9 Bracket Infinitive Phrases 1.Our new supervisor asked each person to bring a notebook. 2.To complete the job, we were required to work long hours. 3.The usher told us to enter quietly. 4.He reminded us to ask for directions. 5.To find fault with others is easy. O.C. S ADV ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ) (

10 6.To finish her chemistry assignment is Michelle’s only goal tonight. 7.Linda hopes to win the approval of her mother. 8.The best way to learn English is practice. 9.Kevin has been working out to keep fit. S DO ADJ ADV ( ) () ( ) ( ) Bracketing Infinitive Phrases Exercise

11 10.Her plan to travel around the world will come true next year. 11.She wanted to give up dancing. 12.To watch Uncle Billy tell this story is an eye- opening experience. ADJ O S ( ) () () Bracketing Infinitive Phrases Exercise

12 13.To know her is to love her. 14.Juan went to college to study medicine. ADV S S.C. ( )( ) ( ) Bracketing Infinitive Phrases Exercise

13 Punctuating An Infinitive Phrase When an infinitive phrase introduces a main clause, separate the two sentence components with a comma. The pattern looks like this: +, + To pass the exam To pass the exam, I have to study harder than before. Infinitive phrase Main clause

14 When an infinitive phrase concludes a main clause, you need no punctuation to connect the two sentence parts. The pattern looks like this: Janice and her friends went to the mall to buy groceries. Punctuating An Infinitive Phrase Main clause Infinitive phrase+

15 Don't confuse infinitives with prepositional phrases that begin with to. Remember that a prepositional phrase always ends with a noun or a pronoun; an infinitive always ends with a verb +(complement e.g. DO., ADJ,ADV, or Noun ) I love to watch cartoons. He went to school. Prepositional phrase Infinitive phrase Infinitive vs. Prepositional Phrase

16 Identify the following phrases as prepositional phrases (PP) or infinitive phrases (IP) 1.They go to Avenue of Stars to take some photos. 2.Mom decided to have steamed fish for dinner. 3.We walked to the park to have a picnic. 4.Students are not allowed to cheat on the exam. PP IP IP PPIP IP ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) Identifying Infinitive or Prep. Phrase ) (

17 Application 2-3 Place parentheses around the infinitive phrases in the following sentences. to receive the shipment 1.Everyone expected to receive the shipment before Friday. to write legibly 2.I asked them to write legibly. Page 10 () ( ) (O) (O.C.)

18 3.We tried to stop the car in time to avoid the accident. 4.To get to the stage, we had to enter through the side door. 5.Ms. Baker was instructed to begin the meeting at two o’clock. (O) (ADV) (ADV) (ADV) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Application 2-3 (Cont’d)

19 Infinitive Phrases Writing Assignment More to Learn

20 Thank You


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