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© 2002 by Shawna Haider

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There are two kinds of notation for graphs of inequalities: open/filled-in circle notation and interval notation brackets. 64 082-7-6-5-4-3-215732-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 [ Because the inequality is "greater than or equal to " the solution includes the endpoint. That’s why the circle is filled in. With interval notation brackets, a square bracket means it includes the endpoint. circle filled insquared end bracket

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64 082-7-6-5-4-3-21573 Let's look at the two different notations with a different inequality sign. 2-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 ) Since this says "less than" we make the arrow go the other way. Since it doesn't say "or equal to" the solution cannot equal the endpoint. That’s why the circle is not filled in. With interval notation brackets, a rounded bracket means it cannot equal the endpoint. circle not filled inrounded end bracket

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Graphically there are two different notations, and when you write your answers you can use inequality notation or interval notation. You should be familiar with both. 04682 -7-6-5-4-3-215732-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 [ Inequality notation for graphs shown above. Interval notation for graphs shown above.

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Let's have a look at the interval notation. For interval notation you list the left endpoint, a comma, and then the right endpoint – so the solutions are any numbers that are between the left and right endpoints. 2-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 [ The bracket after the infinity sign is rounded because infinity is not a real number and so the solution does not include the endpoint (there is no endpoint).

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Let's try another one. 2-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 Rounded bracket means cannot equal -2 Squared bracket means can equal 4 The brackets used in the interval notation above are the same ones used when you graph this. (] This means everything between –2 and 4 but not including -2

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2-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 Let's look at another one This means x is unbounded below This means the largest that x can be is 4 but can't equal 4 )

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64 082-7-6-5-4-3-21573 Compound Inequalities Let's consider a "double inequality" (having two inequality signs). 2-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 ( compound This is a compound inequality because it is a combination of two inequalities. It reads that “ x is greater than –2 and x is less than or equal to 3”. The word "and" means both parts must be true. ]

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64 082-7-6-5-4-3-21573 Compound Inequalities Now let's look at another form of a "double inequality" (having two inequality signs). 2-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 ) or Instead of "and", these are "or" problems. One part or the other part must be true (but not necessarily both). Either “ x is less than –2 or x is greater than or equal to 3”. (In this case both parts cannot be true at the same time since a number can't be less than –2 and also greater than 3). [

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Now let's look at an "or" compound inequality There are two intervals to list when you list in interval notation. 2-7-6-5-4-3-21573 0468 )[ When the solution consists of more than one interval, we join them with a union sign.

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Solving Linear Inequalities. Essentially, everything you did to solve linear equations applies to solving linear inequalities except that if you multiply or divide by a negative you must reverse the inequality sign. So to solve an inequality just do the same steps as with an equality to isolate the variable, but WATCH OUT WHEN YOU MULTIPLY OR DIVIDE BY A NEGATIVE NUMBER.

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Example: - 4x + 6 +6 -2 -2 We flipped the sign!

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