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Chapter 3, Ancient India. Chapter 3, section 1: True or False? Prior knowledge… what do you know ? 1.The Northern boundary of the Indian subcontinent.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3, Ancient India. Chapter 3, section 1: True or False? Prior knowledge… what do you know ? 1.The Northern boundary of the Indian subcontinent."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3, Ancient India

2 Chapter 3, section 1: True or False? Prior knowledge… what do you know ? 1.The Northern boundary of the Indian subcontinent is the Himalayas. 2.The greatest influence on Indian climate is the seasonal monsoon winds. 3.Our knowledge of early Indian cultures is based on artifacts. 4.Some houses in Mohenjo-Daro had upper stories and indoor plumbing. 5.No one is sure why the Indus Valley Civilization disappeared. 1.Turn in any Ch 3 Terms to Know 2.Open text book to page 51 3.REMEMBER THE LATE WORK POLICY – have any late work today? 4.After School Tutoring begins next week Monday

3 1.Remain calm 2.Proceed to the exit matching the number above the classroom door 3.Stay with your teacher as you exit 4.Stay with your teacher – cross the street 5.Stay with your teacher – they need to take attendance 6.Stay with your teacher – wait for the “all clear” 7.Your teacher will escort you back into the building – go directly to class. Fire Drill

4 South Asia

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6 TUESDAY! Turn in homework – 3.1 FIB outline – highlighting is to be done AS HOMEWORK at this point 2.Take out notebooks & open text book to Write down & answer the following questions: a.Name the northern boundary of the Indian subcontinent b.How do we know about early Indian cultures? c.Name the TWO cities of the early Indus Valley people. d.How do we know Indus Valley people traded? e.How do we know Indus Valley people had religion?

7 1.Remain calm and quiet 2.Proceed to the area indicated on Emergency poster 3.Sit with back to wall knees to chest face covered by knees hands with interlaced fingers protecting back of neck 4.Remain silent in this position until “all clear” Tornado Drill

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10 II. Aryan Civilization Aryan People: nomads from Central Asia, invaded India through Khyber Pass around 1500BC, skilled fighters in chariots, few artifacts, no written language, brought Vedas Vedas: collection of hymns, prayers, & other religious teachings, sacred writings of Hindu religion, orally presented for thousands of years, Sanskrit language, c.1500BC Vedic Age Sanskrit: language of ancient India Upanishads: other sacred writing of Hindus; complex explanation of the Vedas, hard to understand Caste system: social classes of India; limited contact between Aryans and others; determined place in society and jobs; divided into 4 varnas: Brahman (priests), Kshatriyas (rulers/warriors), Vaisyas (merchants/artisans/farmers/traders), and Sudras (laborers/servants); born into it, cannot get out of it, could not marry another caste

11 Caste System Brahmins (priests) Kyshatriyas (warrior-nobles) Vaisyas (traders, artisans, farmers, herders) Sudras (laborers)

12 Divinities: divine, or “god-like,” beings Ramayana: short epic poem in the Vedas; story of Rama and bride Sita; symbolize the ideal husband & wife Mahabharata: longer epic poem in the Vedas; like the Old Testament of the Bible telling many stories Bhagavad-Gita: part of the Mahabharata; aka Gita; tells story of conflict between cousins and Prince Arjuna’s struggle to live up to his duty as a Kshatriya and the advise from his charioteer Krishna who is really the god Vishnu in disguise II. Aryan Civilization

13 Tuesday! Turn in homework – writing: why Aryans are a civilization 2.Take out notebooks & open text book to Write down & answer the following questions: a.What caused the descendants of the Aryans to become rulers of India? b.Name the method of social division developed by the Aryans c.Name the epic poems of the Aryans that are a collections of hymns, prayers, and religious teachings d.Name two epic poems about the Vedas e.To which river did the Aryans extend their territory?

14 Honors Vocabulary vocabulary quiz with each chapter quiz. World History is a reading and writing based course at all levels - the Common Core standards as stated on the syllabus are reading and writing standards. –A large part of both reading an writing are a developed vocabulary. evaluate the words based on the sections in which they appear. with definition at the beginning of each section biggest mistakes a student can make with studying vocabulary is to study it "in a vacuum" without any context to place them in. –therefore it is best to study the section's Terms to Know as we are reading and studying that section –Words often have a very simple base definition but then have more subtle yet necessary particular definitions based on the context in which is it used –A well utilized vocabulary is not something commonly valued in today's world, either, which makes learning vocabulary difficult for even the most willing student –This is why teachers of any subject encourage students to use classroom vocabulary in everyday life as often as possible

15 Wednesday 9/ Turn in any FIBs – 3.2 officially due Thursday (tomorrow) 2.Open notebooks to a NEW page 3.Take down these notes, it should take about ½ a page: No single founder (can be traced back to Aryan beliefs) Many sacred texts (including the Vedas), no one specific “polytheistic,” kind of (Vishnu, Shiva, Ganesh, etc are all part of Brahman, the “great spirit”) Ultimate goal: for your soul to reach Enlightenment Reincarnation If you follow your DHARMA, or duty in life, you will have good KARMA for your next life. If you have good KARMA, your next life will be better with a higher CASTE. The higher you go in the CASTE SYSTEM, the more likely it is your soul will break through the top into ENLIGHTENMENT. This is achieved through REINCARNATION. Hinduism

16 No single founder (can be traced back to Aryan beliefs) Many sacred texts (including the Vedas), no one specific “polytheistic,” kind of (Vishnu, Shiva, Ganesh, etc are all part of Brahman, the “great spirit”) Ultimate goal: for your soul to reach Enlightenment Reincarnation If you follow your DHARMA, or duty in life, you will have good KARMA for your next life. If you have good KARMA, your next life will be better with a higher CASTE. The higher you go in the CASTE SYSTEM, the more likely it is your soul will break through the top into ENLIGHTENMENT. This is achieved through REINCARNATION.

17 Thursday FOLLOW ENTERING CLASS PROCEDURE! 2.Turn in any FIBs – 3.2 officially due today 3.Open notebooks to a NEW page 4.Write down & answer these questions: 3.2 Aryan Civilization reading Check 1.Name the “social order” of the Aryans 2.Was it easy for Aryans to change their social class? Why? 3.Which epic poem gives advice on how to be the best husband or wife?

18 Hindu gods Brahma, the creator  Ganesh  Shiva, the destroyer  Vishnu, the preserver 

19 Caste system may play key role in fatal fire case Associated Press - January 2, :44 PM ET OAK FOREST, Ill. (AP) - India's caste system will likely play a key role in the prosecution of a suburban Chicago man charged with setting a fire that killed three family members. Authorities say Subhash Chander of Oak Forest said he was angry his daughter -- Monika Rani -- had married Rajesh Kumar because Kumar belonged to a lower caste in Chander's native India. Rani, Kumar and the couple's 3-year-old son died in the fire. The caste system was outlawed in India 60 years ago but it remains a strong force in India and even among some recent immigrants to the United States. They say it can be humiliating for a father whose daughter has married someone in a lower class. Prosecutors say Chander claims he got into an argument Saturday night with Kumar and then set the fire with a lighter. Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

20 Buddhism Created as a reaction to the complicated rituals of Hinduism Siddhartha Gautama is the Buddha, or Enlightened One, not a god. Hindu gods are often worshiped in Buddhism Belief in reincarnation 4 Noble Truths Eightfold Path to Enlightenment Ultimate goal: for your soul to reach Enlightenment

21 Friday the 13 th FOLLOW ENTERING CLASS PROCEDURE! 2.Turn in any FIBs – 3.3 officially due today 3.Open notebooks to a NEW page 4.Write down & answer these questions: 3.3 Hinduism & Buddhism 1.What is the record of good or bad deeds in a person’s life? 2.What is the major holy book of Hinduism? 3.What is the practice of “non violence”? 4.Name the 2 major beliefs of Buddhism: 5.How do the 2 items in #4 work together?

22 Complete this chart on the back of 2.4 FIB Outline or in your notes – use information from 3.3 RELIGIONJudaismHinduismBuddhism FollowersJews Foundedc. 2000bc Abraham’s covenant with God c. 2000bc Aryans enter India FounderAbraham Aryans Commonly found in… Israel, North American, Europe Sacred textsTorah, Talmud, Hebrew Bible writings of the Buddha beliefsMonotheism Covenant 10 Commandments

23 The Buddha

24 Venn Diagram

25 Hinduism & Buddhism

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27 Comparing Religions

28 Monday FOLLOW ENTERING CLASS PROCEDURE! 2.Turn in any FIBs – 3.4 officially due tomorrow with Quiz 3.Open notebooks to a NEW page 4.Write down & answer these questions: 3.4 Indian Dynasty True/False 1.The Mauryan Empire was large, but it worked well because it was a democracy. 2. Chandragupta was the most admired Mauryan ruler. 3. The use of the Sanskrit language, which became the official language of the Mauryan Empire, became more widespread during the Gupta period. 4. Hindu Gupta rulers allowed Jews to worship freely which allowed people of the Gupta empire to concentrate on developing art, music, and writing. 5.The Guptas established schools that taught only religion.

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30 Subjugation of the Furious Elephant (detail)

31 Rulers of Ancient Indian Dynasties, 3.4 EmpireYearsAccomplishments Chandragupta Maurya Asoka Chandragupta I Chandragupta II

32 Rulers of Ancient Indian Dynasties, 3.4 EmpireYearsAccomplishments Chandragupta Maurya Mauryan Empire 321bc- ? Ruled with a bureaucracy; first ruler; improved trade; overthrew kingdom of Magadha Asoka Mauryan Empire 274bc- 232bc Dug wells along road for travelers & animals; Buddhist; rebuilt Hindu temple; religiously tolerant; Chandragupta I Gupta Empire ad Married the daughter of a powerful man to get power himself; started the dynasty Chandragupta II Gupta Empire ??Extended the empire; allowed culture to flourish

33 Explain how the ancient Aryans are a civilization even though they did not have a writing system. Even though the Aryans did not have a writing system they were still a civilization. Even without a writing system, they still had literature with the Vedas. The Vedas were a collection of hymns, prayers, and poetry that documented their culture and religion. Religion is another key factor for a civilization seen with the Aryans. Though historians do not know much about their religion they did leave behind many figures of gods and goddesses. Aryans also had social classes. The caste system is the Aryan class system that divided the people and told them what jobs they had. This also shows the Aryans had job specialization necessary to be a civilization. Advanced technology can be seen in the chariots the Aryans used and the weapons and figurines they created. For all these reasons, the Aryans had many characteristic that qualified their society as a civilization even without a writing system.

34 Tuesday FOLLOW ENTERING CLASS PROCEDURE! 2.Take out all FIB’s and notes for Chapter 3 – QUIZ TODAY (do not turn any in – keep them for use on the quiz!) 3.TURN IN Ch 3 Review History 4.Using your books or notes, list 4 ways religion (Hinduism or Buddhism) influenced & guided the lives of Indian people – you should use key terms in your list!

35 Part C Help: A. The greatest Indian leader was _________. He ruled the ______ Dynasty in [year(s)]. As a ruler, he…[go on to list and explain different things he accomplished – separate into individual sentences]. For theses and other reason, _______ was the greatest ruler of ancient India. B. Religion greatly influenced the lives of ancient Indians. The _________ and ________ religions were common to ancient India and had many beliefs. [go on to state different beliefs and how they changed the way people acted – like we did at the beginning of class]. For these and other reasons, religion greatly influenced peoples lives. After Chapter 4 we will have the Unit 1 Exam. ……….Chapter 4 Quiz: Thurs 9/26 ……….Unit Exam: Fri 9/27 Today you will receive the Cross Word Review – it covers chapters 1-4… work on it now and over the next week and a half. It is due 9/26 If you loose it, you can print one from my website at any time.

36 Part C Help: After Chapter 4 we will have the Unit 1 Exam. Chapter 4 Quiz: Thurs 9/26 Unit Exam: Fri 9/27 Today you will receive the Cross Word Review – it covers chapters 1-4… work on it now and over the next week and a half. It is due 9/26 If you loose it, you can print one from my website at any time.

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