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BACKGROUND CHECKS. Background Screening Title VII Fair Credit Reporting Act National Labor Relations Act.

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Presentation on theme: "BACKGROUND CHECKS. Background Screening Title VII Fair Credit Reporting Act National Labor Relations Act."— Presentation transcript:

1 BACKGROUND CHECKS

2 Background Screening Title VII Fair Credit Reporting Act National Labor Relations Act

3 EEOC’S STRATEGIC ENFORCEMENT PLAN FY 2013 to 2016 Eliminate barriers Using investigations and litigation Target class based intentional and facially neutral Hiring and recruiting practices Adversely impact particular groups

4 EEOC’S STRATEGIC ENFORCEMENT PLAN Exclusionary policies and practices Channeling into specific jobs Restrictive application processes The use of screening tools: Pre-employment testing Background checks

5 EEOC’S STRATEGIC ENFORCEMENT PLAN

6 NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD National Labor Relations Act Employees shall have the right to self-organization... and to engage in other concerted activities for the purpose of... other mutual aid or protection It shall be an unfair labor practice for an employer to interfere with, restrain, or coerce employees in the exercise of the rights guaranteed in section 7

7 CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU Fair Credit Reporting Act Took over enforcement from the Federal Trade Commission in January 2013 Semiannual reporting – no sign of enforcement activity

8 CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Consumer Report Any communication... any information by a consumer reporting agency bearing on a person’s: Credit Character General reputation Personal characteristics Mode of living For employment purposes!

9 CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Not A Consumer Report Polygraph report Drug test Breathalyzer test

10 Communications for the purpose of employee recruiting Communications involving the investigation of employee misconduct CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Not A Consumer Report

11 Anyone who receives money & “Regularly” assembles or evaluates consumer reports & Furnishes those reports to third parties CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Consumer Reporting Agency

12 Mad Men Season 6, Episode 11 1.Pete Campbell is concerned about an up and comer Bob Benson 2.Pete Campbell hires Duck Phillips to look in Bob Benson 3.Duck worked with Pete, Duck is now a recruiter Does the FRCA Apply? CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Putting It Together

13 CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Putting It Together (video)

14 CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Compliance Prior to asking for a report, employer must: 1.Disclosure 2.Authorization Certification to Consumer Reporting Agency: 1.The above has been complied with, and 2.The information is for employment purposes

15 CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Compliance Pre-Adverse Action 1.Notice of what action will be 2.Give consumer report and Notice of Rights Post-Adverse Action 1.Notice of action taken 2.Contact info for the Consumer Reporting Agency 3.Consumer Reporting Agency had not voice in the decision 4.How to get a free copy 5.Right to dispute

16 EEOC: Stats Enforcement Guidance on the Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions

17 EEOC: Concerns Disparate Treatment -- Intentional Disparate Impact -- Unintentional

18 EEOC: Disparate Impact Griggs v. Duke Power

19 EEOC: Disparate Impact Business Necessity – how hard to prove Excerpts for appellate court opinions: 1.Related to job performance 2.Not business convenience test 3.Irresistible demand, and no other alternative 4.Employer has no choice

20 EEOC: Disparate Impact Business Necessity – from the EEOC perspective Three factors: 1.Nature and gravity of crime 2.Elapsed time 3.Nature of the job v. crime committed

21 EEOC: Recommendations 1. Eliminate policies or practice that exclude convicts 2. Train 3. Develop narrowly tailored policies

22 SOCIAL MEDIA

23 SOCIAL MEDIA: Hiring Texas Labor Code § Title VII ADA ADEA

24 NLRB GENERAL COUNSEL: Social Media Acting General Counsel reports on employer social media policies August 2011 January 2012 May 2012 Aggressively litigating

25 MICHAEL MELDER 6301 GASTON AVE, SUITE 730 DALLAS, TEXAS


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