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Template Development of Oil and Gas Emissions for the Three State Air Quality Study (3SAQS) Amnon Bar-Ilan, John Grant and Ralph Morris ENVIRON International.

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Presentation on theme: "Template Development of Oil and Gas Emissions for the Three State Air Quality Study (3SAQS) Amnon Bar-Ilan, John Grant and Ralph Morris ENVIRON International."— Presentation transcript:

1 Template Development of Oil and Gas Emissions for the Three State Air Quality Study (3SAQS) Amnon Bar-Ilan, John Grant and Ralph Morris ENVIRON International Corporation Zac Adelman University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 3SAQS Workshop -- CSU Fort Collins, CO May 28, 2013

2 Purpose To develop oil and gas emissions for the 2011 year and the WRAP Phase III Basins plus other areas in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming to support Photochemical Grid Model (PGM) modeling To develop future year oil and gas emissions out to 2030 for PGM modeling To improve oil and gas emissions for uncertain source categories –For example, fracing, completions and shale oil and gas To improve oil and gas emissions for areas in CO, UT and WY outside of the WRAP Phase III Basins –For example, Paradox, Raton and Big Horn Basins 2

3 3SAQS Oil and Gas Emissions Approach Near-Term – Develop 2011 and Future Year Oil and Gas (O&G) Emissions by Fall 2013 –Phase 1A: Estimate 2011 O&G Emissions Based on Readily Available Data (Sep 2013) –Phase 1B: Estimate Future Year O&G Emissions Based on Readily Available Data (Nov 2013) Longer-Term – Improve 2011 and Future Year O&G Emissions (Oct Apr 2014) –Phase 2A: Surveys and Other O&G Inventory Refinements –Phase 2B: Refine 2011 O&G Emission Estimates –Phase 3: Refined Future Year O&G Emissions and White Paper on Consideration for Improved FY Projections 3

4 Phase 1A: 2011 O&G Emissions Develop 2011 O&G emissions following Phase III methodology for: –D-J, Piceance, NSJ, Uinta, SWWY, PRB, Wind River Basins Start with CO/UT/WY 2011 state data (“permitted”) –CO APENs data (includes Raton Basin except NM) –UT data unknown (includes Paradox Basin) –WY data reported complete (includes Big Horn Basin) –EPA data for Tribes (minor source reporting?) Survey Based Sources starting with 2008 WestJump: –Develop 2008 to 2011 O&G activity scaling factors from IHS database: spuds, well count, gas, condensate and oil production –Controls analysis similar to WestJumpAQMS (“light”) 4

5 Phase 1A: 2011 O&G Emissions (continued) Colorado Phase III Basins (D-J, Piceance and NSJ) –Forecast survey-based categories from 2008 WestJump based on O&G growth with “light” controls analysis –Obtain 2011 APEN sources from CDPHE  Includes Raton Basin Wyoming Phase III Basins (SWWY, Wind River and PRB) –Obtain 2011 O&G emissions from WDEQ that includes all sources  Includes Big Horn Basin 5

6 Phase 1A: 2011 O&G Emissions (concluded) Utah Phase III Basins (Uinta) –Obtain 2010 data from UT BLM Air Resource Management Strategy (ARMS) and evaluate data/surveys –Forecast survey-based categories from 2008 WJ –Obtain major and minor permitted source data from UDEQ and EPA (Tribal Data) (includes Paradox) Develop SMOKE-ready O&G emission inputs –IDA files –Spatial surrogates –Speciation (existing Phase III based on 2006 surveys) 6

7 Phase 1B: Estimate FY O&G EI Basin-level projections five surrogate parameters –Spuds, wells, oil, condensate and gas production Develop three simple projection scenarios for each activity surrogate and Basin –Low Development: Continued decline to some “floor” level –High Development: Either continued growth or pick-up of growth following previous historic growth rate –Median Development: Either flat-lining or delayed growth after some number of years Project cooperators will decide on which of the three scenarios to apply for each Basin for each parameter Forecasts will be made for just one scenario 7

8 Phase 1B: FY O&G EI (concluded) “Light” controls analysis like WestJump to account for changes in O&G emissions due to regulations –For example, State-specific regulations; EPA Subpart OOOO; EPA NSPS for spark-ignited engines; EPA off-road diesel Tier standards SMOKE-ready inputs for one FY from

9 Phase 1A and 1B Scope of Work Task 1 – IHS Database Analysis: Extract historical O&G production data from HIS database for all Basins Task 2 – Permit Data Analysis: Obtain and analyze permit data on O&G emissions from CO, WY and UT Task 3 – Controls Analysis: Analyze 2011 controls on O&G sources Task 4 – Develop 2011 Emissions: Generate 2011 O&G emissions Task 5 – Emissions Processing: Generate SMOKE-ready 2011 O&G emissions Task 6 – FY Projections: Develop FY growth for O&G activity Task 7 – FY Controls Analysis: Develop control factors Task 8: – FY Emissions Development: Develop O&G emissions for one growth scenario Task 9 – FY Emissions Processing: Develop SMOKE-ready emissions for one FY from

10 Phase 2A: Surveys and Inventory Refinements Survey Methodology: –Surveys targeted for information for specific uncertain targeted source categories –Target a few large operators that dominate a Basin –Surveys may be equipment type and/or well type rather than Basin-specific –Survey to be populated with defaults prior to distribution –Operator outreach would be performed 10

11 Phase 2A: Surveys/Refinements (continued) Survey Targeted Source Categories: –Source categories not included in WRAP Phase III  For example, fracing/completion engines, produced water, compressor seals, etc. –Gas composition analysis  by well type, venting and flashing –Source categories with high degree of uncertainty  For example, well blowdowns, well workover rigs, initial well completions, etc. 11

12 Phase 2A: Surveys/Refinements (concluded) O&G Inventory Refinements: –Develop VOC speciation profiles for glycol dehydrators from state permit data (GLYCalc runs)  Obtain GLYCalc speciated output from state –Check availability of inventory data for pipelines currently missing in inventory –Optional Task: Develop survey-based Raton and Paradox Basin O&G emissions  Option 1: Survey for unpermitted sources  Option 2: No survey, analysis of existing data  Option 3: Use EPA default tool 12

13 Phase 2B: Refined 2011 O&G Emissions Incorporate information from Phase 2A into Phase 1A 2011 O&G emissions Update Williston and Great Plains Basins with O&G emissions from BLM Montana/Dakotas study Update O&G in Basins in Three-State area not included in WRAP Phase III study or Phase 1A 2011 O&G inventory –Raton and Paradox Basins 13

14 Phase 3: Refined FY O&G Projections Develop White Paper on approaches for making refined FY projections to be worked out with Cooperators before implementing any refinements in the projections Refine Phase 3 Technical Approach Future year projections using refined 2011 O&G emission estimates developed in Phase 2B Incorporate information from surveys including updates to Phase 1B control factors –Update targeted source categories and regions 14

15 Phase 3: Refined FY Projections (concluded) Refined O&G activity surrogate projections –By Basin by category unit-level –Incorporate data from BLM on resource availability  Review available BLM RFDs/AQTSDs on FY O&G –Review trends forecasts for five surrogates (IHS) –Review other available information on limits of production/wells/drilling  For example, reservoir capacity, regulations, etc.  Industry funded studies, states, USGS, etc. –For well count projections, same split as current well type –Develop growth rates for potential new plays  For example Niobrara (D-J) and Mancos (SSJ) Shale Oil 15

16 Schedule for Task & FY O&G EI Assumes a July 1, 2013 start date Phase 1A: 2011 O&G EI – Sep 2013 Phase 1B: FY O&G EI – Nov 2013 Phase 2A: Surveys/Refinements – Dec 2013 Phase 2B: Refined 2011 O&G EI – Mar 2014 Phase 3: Refined FY O&G EI – Apr


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