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Telecommunications & Data Networking – Futures Scott Baily, Director of ACNS 02/03/2009 CFSP Briefing 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Telecommunications & Data Networking – Futures Scott Baily, Director of ACNS 02/03/2009 CFSP Briefing 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Telecommunications & Data Networking – Futures Scott Baily, Director of ACNS 02/03/2009 CFSP Briefing 1

2 Theme “When the horse is dead, get off!” – var., incl. Rosita Perez and Robin L. Silverman 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 2

3 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 3

4 FY 09 Monthly Cost for Basic Service CampusHousing* Base monthly cost$11.13$12.90 Number of units7,5253,813 Annual Revenue$1,005,039$590,252 02/03/2009 4 CFSP Briefing * Diminishing use of phones in residence halls: FY 10 loss of revenue ~$250k, but costs will be held constant or reduced for on-campus phones. FY 11 may lose an additional $200k.

5 02/03/2009 5 CFSP Briefing

6 FY 09 Cost Comparison with CSU Peers for Basic Service Peer InstitutionBasic Serv. ($/mo.) Colorado State$11.13 Oklahoma State$17.50 Ohio State$17.65 Purdue$22.60 Univ. of Illinois, Urbana Cham.$22.60 Univ. of Calif., Davis$26.50 02/03/2009 6 CFSP Briefing

7 FY 09 BS+VM Cost Comparison with Peers Peer InstitutionBasic Serv. + VM ($/mo.) Colorado State$15.13 Iowa State (bundled)$19.00 Michigan State (bundled)$20.50 Oklahoma State$22.50 Oregon State (bundled)$23.00 Univ. of Colo., Boulder (bundled)$23.89 Ohio State$24.15 Washington State (bundled)$25.00 Univ. of Illinois, Urbana Cham.$26.60 Purdue$27.10 Univ. of Calif., Davis$29.50 N. Carolina State (bundled)$34.00 02/03/2009 7 CFSP Briefing

8 History Early 80’s – Telephones transitioned to cost recovery to limit to ‘necessary’ installations 1992 – 10-yr bond issued to pay for telephone switch and cable plant @$12.6 M FY 02 & 03, ‘trade’ telephone costs for internet costs after paying off the telephone switch debt ▫Cost neutral to academic departments, savings to non-academic departments, on average ▫Cost recovery ensures non-centrally funded units pay their fair share (~30%) 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 8

9 Strategy After FY 00, use Telecom reserve for the following ‘projects’: ▫Build the data infrastructure ▫Keep the telephone switch up to date ▫Purchase equipment necessary to build & sustain the data infrastructure  OTDR, fiber splicer, fiber splicing van, trailer,… ▫Expand and sustain the E911 infrastructure 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 9

10 April 13, 2005NGN Presentation at CHECO 10 CU’s Fiber Splicing Van CSU’s Fiber Splicing Van

11 02/03/2009 11 CFSP Briefing Avg. = $521k

12 02/03/2009 12 CFSP Briefing

13 Campus Rewire – A Very Successful Activity AS.12 building wires/rewires of about 200 buildings On-campus fiber: buildings, backbone Off-campus fiber: inter-campus, WAN Regional optical network ▫BiSON ring at Gbps (more later) In a cost neutral manner, the campus has been provided ▫Excellent telephone service ▫Excellent physical communications infrastructure ▫Excellent Internet access While maintaining the lowest basic service costs among all of our peers, with no additional funding! 02/03/2009 13 CFSP Briefing

14 Telephone Switch End of Life in 2010 Was 2011 ▫Nortel into chapter 11 late January 2009 Apparently, can now pay Nortel ~$30k for a one-year extension until 2011 Can keep operating for some time after that ▫At increased risk ▫But, should have  An alternative VoIP solution in deployment  Spare parts 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 14

15 Transition to VoIP VoIP is the only feasible technology ▫Need to upgrade and ‘harden’ the data network Cheaper? Maybe… An integrated, better user experience! Two candidate solutions being explored ▫SIPX – a standards-based solution ▫Next-gen MS Office Communications Server ▫Will select one within a year or two  Continuing technology exploration projects 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 15

16 Desirable Attributes of VoIP Low-cost, SIP phones anticipated <$50 Mid-range “administrative” SIP phones ▫Like today’s Meridian phones Higher cost, unified communications devices ▫Integrated unified communications: voice, video, instant messaging, … Presence – tracks your availability Enhanced directory services to include multiple means of communication/collaboration 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 16

17 Intertwined with telephone costs Where do we want to be in 5 years? 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 17

18 Networking Policy Central IT/Facilities wires/rewires buildings Central IT deploys, operates, maintains and secures WAN and core campus network ▫Has grown into an extremely complex endeavor  IT Security, VLANs, redundancy, load balancing, end-to-end performance, firewalls… Departmental IT staff own the LANs, and have access to closets and network switches 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 18

19 Practice Networks are now very capable, very complex systems that must be carefully managed ▫Border router: 14K lines of configuration ▫Internet routing table now over 270K routes 3-4 times per year, departmental IT staff have caused significant network disruptions ▫Misconfiguration, inexperience, etc. ▫Life and safety issues exist Core network availability > 99%, want 99.9% 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 19

20 BB Pushing 1 Gbps Bandwidth Limits 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 20

21 Where are we now? Where should we be going over the next 5-10 years? 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 21

22 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 22 BiSON – Bi-State Optical Network - CSU - NCAR - NOAA - UWyo

23 April 13, 2005NGN Presentation at CHECO 23 CSU Optical Connectivity

24 ADVA Node Backbone Routers Juniper Router 1 Gig Fiber Ring To FRGP CSULAN Now

25 Comm. Rooms/Ethernet Switches 380 Communications Rooms 670 Ethernet Switches ▫~30K ports in use!!! ▫43% of switches are outdated (no longer made)  > 100 are more than 5 years old ▫There is no refresh cycle, switches are the ‘responsibility of the department’ All wire installed is Cat 5E or better, capable of 1 Gbps to the wall jack ▫Every circuit tested for performance! 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 25

26 Needed Enhancements VoIP – Must “harden” the network ▫Add redundancy ▫Manage centrally, as an infrastructure  Simpler, overall less expensive  Will also improve availability Add Capacity – Migrate backbone to 10 Gigabit Extend Capacity – 1 Gbps to major buildings ▫Requires switch upgrades Support Research – a shared responsibility ▫Accomplished via all of the above 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 26

27 Why We Need Greater Capacity More video (inauguration, Facebook, etc.) HD video, videoconferencing, and audio Growth in research requirements It may take us another 10 years to complete the next phase – we should start soon… 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 27

28 Time for a New Cost Model Current model makes cost increase with capacity ▫Cost limits capacity, even ‘inside’ CSU ▫Prohibits a “sensible architecture” ▫Inequitable and unsustainable ? Propose a simpler model, based on common infrastructure (charge per FTE/yr?) ▫Basic service to desk: 100 Mbps  Possible premium service: 1 Gbps to desk ▫Basic service to large buildings: 1 Gbps 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 28

29 Networking Costs 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 29

30 Costs for Infrastructure Upgrade Hardware ▫Upgrade border: $250k, $25k/yr ▫Upgrade core: $515k, $21k/yr ▫Upgrade in MDFs: $1.63M, $12.5k/yr ▫Upgrade IDFs: $1.73M, $35k/yr ▫TOTAL: $4.125M, $93.5k/yr Add 2 networking FTE ▫$100k/yr. – cost neutral in steady state May be able to ‘envelop’ these costs in telephone charges; also, some covered via network chargeback 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 30

31 For Discussion Next Time Do we reduce basic phone service rates in 2010 and defer progress? How far do we go? How fast to we go? How much do we risk? How do we decide on the above? We welcome an opportunity to come back for this discussion… 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 31

32 Discussion Is this on target? Questions/comments? 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 32

33 Telecom projects – physical infrastructure 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 33

34 Project Details – Phys. Infra. FY 99-00 ▫OIS Video $142,113 ▫AS-12 $47,000 ▫Clark $105,000 FY 00-01 ▫Wagar $42,000 ▫Ayleswsorth $73,000 ▫Atmos Sci Sim Lab $6,313 ▫Weber $17,670 ▫UV Phase 5 $15,529 FY 01-02 ▫OFCHS $25,507 ▫CIRA $13,273 ▫Chem Bio $5,188 ▫Industrial Science $1,162 ▫Weber AS.12 $3,000 FY 01-02 (cont’d) - Fiber ▫Glover $3,019 ▫Green Hall $2,480 ▫ Foothills $6,615 ▫VTH $2,100 ▫Rampart/Overland $2,175 ▫Foothills $11,276 ▫NRRC $972 ▫NWRC $1,720 FY 02-03 ▫ Tunnel Project $50,007 ▫Gugg/Chem-Bio/VTH $1,349 ▫Chem Bio $2,024 ▫VTH$5,000 ▫Foothills Generator $5,383 ▫AS.12 Projects $299,000 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 34

35 Project Details – Infrastructure (cont’d) FY 03-04 ▫Housing $13,253 ▫Tunnel Project $44,288 ▫MRB CSUIITE $4,109 ▫ARBL to AIDL $11,890 ▫Aggie South $5,023 ▫AS.12 Projects $369,768 ▫CDOT $23,493 ▫Campus Fiber  Pitkin Ave $17,540  Centre Ave $15,917  Aggie North $5,209  Campus Ring $151,237 FY 04-05 ▫CSU/UW fiber $185,000 ▫CSUIITE Projects $63,134 ▫ CDOT $31,027 ▫Tunnel Project $380 ▫Campus Fiber  Campus Ring $8,887  Misc.$27,199 FY 05-06 ▫AS.12 Projects $15,680 ▫ Campus fiber  Hughes $2,007  Misc $116,273 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 35

36 Project Details – Infrastructure (cont’d) FY 06-07 ▫CDOT $1,420 ▫ Campus fiber  Misc $59,921  555 S. Howes $8,119  Rampart Rd T$5,347  N. Lateral Loop $18,795  Pitkin Street $3,400  1500 UV$10,484 FY 07-08 ▫CSUIITE $30,000 ▫CDOT $1,539 ▫Glover $16,828 ▫GSB $60,000 FY 07-08 (cont’d) - fiber ▫Misc Fiber Projects $55,250 ▫ Overland Trail $47,309 ▫1500 UV$43,027 FY 08-09 (budgeted) ▫CSUIITE $100,000 ▫Fiber Projects $150,000 ▫CDOT $30,000 ▫Adesta $215,000 02/03/2009CFSP Briefing 36

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