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Amy Wangdahl, CSP Director, Office of Maritime and Agriculture Occupational Safety & Health Administration.

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Presentation on theme: "Amy Wangdahl, CSP Director, Office of Maritime and Agriculture Occupational Safety & Health Administration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Amy Wangdahl, CSP Director, Office of Maritime and Agriculture Occupational Safety & Health Administration

2 Enforcement Update Hot Issues Standards and Guidance I2P2 Game

3 Enforcement Update OSHA Staff (Federal)2,305 (2012) Regional Offices10 Local Area Offices90 CSHOS~ 865 Consultation~ 150 Workers130 million Worksites8 million

4 FY 2009 – FY 2013 Inspections Conducted As of July 5 2013 As of July 5 2013

5 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Programmed vs. % Unprogrammed

6 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Complaint Inspections

7 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Inspections In-Compliance

8 FY 2009 – FY 2013 Total Violations Issued

9 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Total Violations Issued As Serious

10 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Total Violations Issued As Serious, Willful, Repeat, & Unclass

11 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % NIC Inspections With Only Other-Than-Serious Violations Cited

12 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Inspections With Violations Contested

13 FY 2009 – FY 2013 Average Current Penalty Per Serious Violation

14 FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Construction Inspections

15 FY 2009 – FY 2013 Significant Cases * FY’11 – FY’13 figures include cases under OSHA’s revised significant case procedures and new penalty system..

16 FY 2009 – FY 2013 Egregious Cases 1.Employer had knowledge of hazard 2.Made no reasonable effort to eliminate the hazard 3.One of these factors: Fatality or large number of injuries High rates of injuries/illnesses over time Extensive history of prior violations Employer conduct = bad faith

17 FY 2009 – FY 2013 Fatality Investigations

18 Maritime Fatalities – FY 2013 FY 2013 – 7 fatalities reported 4 – Longshoring Fall from scaffold Drowning Worker caught between 2 steel beams Worker crushed by crane

19 Fatalities – FY 2012 Shipyards - 6 Fall from deck of yacht to concrete dock Natural causes (2) Struck by pressurized sand blast pot lid Shipbreaking – struck by section of rake Crushed by falling load of steel plates Longshoring - 6 Caught between mast and overhead of forklift Run over by forklift Crushed by falling container Struck by steel roll pins Struck by moving crane Fall from suspended platform

20 FY 2013 Top 10 Most Cited Standards General Industry 1. Hazard Communication 2. Electrical, Wiring Methods 3. Lockout/Tagout 4. Respiratory Protection 5. Powered Industrial Trucks 6. Machine Guarding 7. Electrical, General Requirements 8. Bloodborne Pathogens 9. Personal Protective Equipment 10. Guarding Floor & Wall Openings Construction 1. Fall Protection 2. Scaffolding 3. Ladders 4. Fall Protection, Training Requirements 5. Hazard Communication 6. Head Protection 7. Eye & Face Protection 8. Excavation Requirements 9. Aerial Lifts 10. Safety & Health Provisions

21 FY 2013 Top 10 Most Cited Standards For Maritime Industry) 1. Respiratory Protection 2. Hazard Communication 3. Electrical, Wiring Methods 4. Electrical, General Requirements 5. Electrical, Wiring Design & Protection 6. Powered Industrial Trucks 7. First Aid & Lifesaving Facilities 8. Abrasive Wheel Machinery 9. Machine Guarding 10. Cranes & Derricks

22 FY 2013 Top Standards With The Most Willful Violations Cited 1. Fall Protection 2. Excavation 3. General Duty Clause 4. Machine Guarding

23 Maritime Steering Committee Meets in conjunction with MACOSH to discuss maritime industry and OSHA maritime concerns Members: National Office Training Institute Salt Lake City Technical Center Regional Representatives: Region 1 Katie NishimuraRegion 2 Kevin Sullivan Region 3 Angelo Costa Region 4 John Vos Region 5 Bill Donovan Region 6 David Doucet Region 7 Brian Drake Region 8 (No Maritime) Region 9 Jack Reich Region 10 Randy White

24 Maritime Directives Shipyard Employment (“Tool Bag”) Directive - 2006 *** Longshoring/Marine Terminal (“Tool Shed”) Directive - 2012 Authority Over Vessels/Facilities on or Adjacent to US Navigable Waters/Outer Continental Shelf (“Jurisdiction”) Directive – 2010 Maritime Cargo Gear Regulations/1919 Certification Directive – 2003 *** Subpart T – Commercial Diving Operations - 2011 Subpart B – Confined/Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment – 2010 Subpart I – Enforcement Guidance for PPE in Shipyards - 2011 OSHA Field Operations Manual (FOM) - Chapter 10 Maritime - 2011 National Emphasis Program (NEP) on Shipbreaking - 2010 ***Currently Updating

25 Hot Issues Workplace Violence As of 2/28/13 – six citations (5(a)(1)) have been issued in health care and social services setting One to correctional facility Four to night retail establishments 12 Hazard Alert Letters Health Hazards Methylene Chloride – bathtub refinishers Diesel exhaust Silica during hydraulic fracturing

26 Hot Issues Heat campaign Raise awareness of hazards of working outdoors in hot weather Directive issued in July 2012 to expedite inspections and citation issuance Region 6 (Dallas) has LEP Conducted 140 heat related inspections Temporary Workers Reports of temporary workers killed 1irst day on the job Training was inadequate OSHA will continue to ensure these workers are protected using enforcement, outreach and training

27 MACOSH Regulatory Agenda Guidance Documents

28 MACOSH Last meeting of 2010-2012 Charter – July 2012 – Seattle, WA Request for Nominations – August, 2012 Notice of Reestablishment of Charter – April, 2013 Previous Charter Accomplishments: Shipyard Workgroup – 8 recommendations Longshore Workgroup – 13 recommendations

29 Regulatory Agenda Update Published July 3, 2013 Final Rules Items Nearing Proposal New Major Initiatives Recently Completed Actions

30 Final Rules Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution (Subpart V) 1910 and 1926 standards will be the same Most industries already in compliance with proposal Several new provisions increase protection for electrical power workers Expected to publish July 2013 Walking Working Surfaces and Personal Fall Protection (Subparts D&I) Updates standards for slips, trips and fall and establishes requirements for personal fall protection systems Expected to publish November 2013 Vertical Tandem Lifts (Remand) Two provisions not being enforced, court ordered remand New date of April 2014

31 Items Nearing Proposal Silica – NPRM anticipated in July 2013 Beryllium – NPRM anticipated in October 2013 Revocation of Periodic Records – NPRM/DFR anticipated in July 2013 This rule will revoke requirements for employers to prepare and maintain periodic records certifying that the employer performed the required tests and inspections on machinery

32 Other Major Initiatives Combustible Dust Injury and Illness Prevention Program Infectious Diseases Review/Lookback of OSHA Chemical Management Standards Process Safety Management and Flammable Liquids

33 Combustible Dust Purpose: To address combustible dust hazards through a comprehensive standard ANPRM published in 2009, stakeholder meetings in 2009 and 2010; Expert Forum held 2011 Current regulatory initiatives: Regulatory alternatives under development Economic impacts being assessed Next Step: Initiate SBREFA Concurrent guidance initiatives

34 Injury & Illness Prevention Program Purpose: Protect worker safety and health by requiring employers to implement an injury and illness prevention program Six core elements: Management leadership, Worker Participation, Hazard Identification, hazard prevention and control, education and training, and Program evaluation and improvement 2010 – Series of stakeholder meeting held SBREFA Next Steps: Complete the SBREFA process Publish Proposed Rule

35 Infectious Diseases Purpose: Protect workers in health care and high-risk environments from infectious disease hazards TB, chicken pox/shingles, measles and emerging diseases such as SARS and pandemic flu Published RFI in May 2010 Next Steps: Initiate SBREFA

36 Review/Lookback of OSHA Chemical Management Standards Purposes: 1) explore ways to more efficiently update PELs, 2) explore non-PEL options for managing exposure to chemicals, 3) inform stakeholders & public of regulatory and legal framework in which OSHA must operate Next Steps: Publish RFI

37 Process Safety Management and Flammable Liquids Purpose: Consider the revision of the Process Safety Management standard to address gaps in safety coverage or an update of the Flammable Liquids and Spray Finishing standards based on the latest consensus standards Next Steps: Publish RFI

38 Recently Completed Actions Hazard Communication/GHS Consensus Standards Updates – Signage Consensus Standards Updates – PPE-Head Protection Consensus Standards Updates – Acetylene

39 Hazard Communication 2012 Final Rule published in the Federal Register on March 26 th, 2012 Hazard Communication website provides additional information, guidance materials:

40 Consensus Standard Update – Head Protection Updates consensus standards referenced in OSHA Head Protection Standards Significant Z89.1 changes – permits additional testing for: Hard hats worn backwards Helmets at colder temperatures For high visibility coloring of helmets DFR published November 16, 2012

41 Consensus Standard Update - Signage Updates the reference to the version of consensus standards (1967 version of ANSI Z53.1 Safety Code for Marking Physical Hazards and the Identification of Certain Equipment; 1968 version of ANSI Z53.1 Specification for Accident Prevention Signs) included in three OSHA standards (1910.97, Nonionizing radiation; 1910.145, Specifications for accident prevention signs and tags; and 1910.261, Pulp, paper, and paper-board mills). NPRM/DFR published June 13, 2013 NPRM comment period ends July 15, 2013 Direct Final Rule effective September 11, 2013

42 Standards Improvement Project IV PURPOSE: Eliminate unnecessary paperwork Clarify or eliminate unnecessary employer duties Update standards and eliminate inconsistencies or duplication Miscellaneous revisions RFI published December, 2012

43 Shipyard Longshoring/Marine Terminals Soon to be completed

44 Shipyard Guidance Products All online – not printed yet *** Eye Protection Against Radiant Energy (Spanish translation) Working Alone in Shipyards (Fact Sheet) Hot Work on Hollow or Enclosed Structures in Shipyard Employment (Quick Card & Fact Sheet) Ventilation in Shipyard Employment Guidelines for Safe Entry and Cleaning of Vessel Sewage Tanks (Fact Sheet)

45 Longshore /Marine Terminals Guidance Products  Mechanics Working in the Yard during Marine Terminal Operations (Quick Card)  Mechanics Working on Power Equipment in the Yard in Marine Terminals (Quick Card & Fact Sheet) Freeing Inoperable Semi Freeing Inoperable Semi- Automatic Twist Locks (SATLs) Working Safely on the Apron or Highline during Marine Terminal Operations (Quick Card) Servicing Multi-piece and Single-piece Wheel Rims (Quick Card) Top and Side Handler Safety (Quick Card) The Safety of Intermodal Containers Repair (Fact Sheet)

46 Guidance Documents Coming Soon…. Shipyards: Electrical SHIPS Shipyard eTool Update Shipyard Digest Safe Lighting Practices in Shipyard Employment (Quick Card) Hazard Communication in Maritime (Fact Sheet) Longshoring: Single-Piece and Multi-Piece Rim Wheels (Fact sheet) Dock Rail Safety (Fact Sheet) Hot Work on Hollow and Enclosed Structures (Fact Sheet) Recovery of Person in the Water (Guidance Document) Log Handling Operations (Guidance Document) Longshore Digest


48 Well-designed simulation or game-based learning applications work because they leverage many known principles of active learning environments.  Motivation: Structures of engagement from game design ensure learners stay motivated throughout the learning experience.  Retrieval: Learners are asked to use knowledge immediately, cementing each new idea through application.  Goal-directed practice: Knowledge and skills are reinforced through focused, relevant practice.  Targeted feedback: Actionable feedback is provided so that learners can make meaningful progress with each round of practice.

49 Help users understand key elements of the hazard identification process. Collect information Observe/inspect workplace Investigate incidents Involve workers Prioritize hazards* Apply the elements together to identify hazards. 49

50  Help employers get better at identifying hazards in their workplaces.  Understand the importance of Hazard Identification as a key to good business and protecting workers.  Point to OSHA resources Website Pamphlets Consulting group

51 51

52  Parts Manufacturing  20 weeks  75-90 hazards  15 workers  14 pieces of equipment  Small Store  30 days  3 Phases  40-50 hazards/phase  ~10 worker/phase 52

53 Time:  Used to complete actions in the game.  Can be converted to profit. Profit:  Earned based on your remaining time.  Can be used to fix hazards. 53

54  Random hazards occur in a set number at the start of each game.  Hazards can cause accidents until they are controlled even if they haven’t been discovered.  Since some mitigations lose effectiveness over time some hazards will recur after they have been controlled.

55  Incidents are chosen probabilistically between turns, based on the number and type of unmitigated hazards that exist in the scenario.  Incidents automatically cost the player a certain amount of money (referencing the Safety Pays program).  A description of the incident is given, along with a chance to conduct an investigation.

56  Member of a Safety Committee:  10 actions to find as many hazards as possible in one area of the Manufacturing Facility  Talk to co-workers  Inspect area/equipment  Search “paper” resources

57 Four Equipment Inspection Games 57

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