Presentation on theme: "The Indian Health Service Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Initiative"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Indian Health Service Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Initiative
2 ECC is defined as the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child under 6 years of age.We have adopted the definition for ECC from the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. In other words, ANY cavities, whether treated or untreated, in the primary, or baby teeth, is Early Childhood Caries.Unfortunately, what we see in American Indian and Alaska Native children is usually a severe form of ECC.
3 ECC and AI/AN ChildrenAccording to the 1999 IHS Oral Health Survey, 76% of AI/AN children ages 2-5 have experienced dental caries, a prevalence far higher than that of the general U.S. population.
4 Why are Baby Teeth Important? Eating and nutritionSaving space for permanent teethTalkingSmiling(read slide)
5 Costs of ECCECC can cost thousands of dollars to treat each child, even exceeding $8,000 when a child is hospitalized and treated under general anesthesia.Traditional dental treatment of ECC is expensive and largely ineffective at reducing the bacteria that cause the disease. Even after full-mouth treatment of ECC, children still have the same levels of decay-causing bacteria, and so the disease rages on in these high-risk children.More importantly, these children often experience pain and infection.
6 What is the IHS ECC Initiative? The IHS Early Childhood Caries Initiative is a new program designed to promote prevention and early intervention of dental caries in young children through an multi-disciplinary approach.It is both comprehensive (includes prevention and early intervention) and collaborative (multi-disciplinary).The goal of the ECC Initiative is to increase access for AI/AN children and their families to both preventive and early intervention services by implementing a multi-disciplinary approach.The ECC Committee was committed to making this Initiative both comprehensive, including both prevention and early intervention services, and collaborative.
7 How is this Initiative any different than ECC initiatives of the past? It includes the establishment of a national oral health surveillance system to monitor the prevalence of ECC.It includes a more formal approach at reaching out to multiple community partners.It involves not just prevention of ECC but also early intervention.It includes printed materials, online courses, and support at the Area and National levels.For those of you who have been around for awhile, you may be wondering how this Initiative is different from others in the past?This initiative includes the establishment of a national oral health surveillance system to monitor the prevalence of ECC.This initiative involves medical and community partners through a formal structure of training and documentation of services.This initiative goes beyond primary prevention to include adoption of caries stabilization techniques including Interim Therapeutic Restorations to stabilize caries in the primary dentition.This initiative has various products including two new online courses and printed resources for dental programs, medical programs, and community partners.We plan to meet with key staff from the IHS Medical Programs, CHRs, Head Start, and other community partners. Today, we are asking________ for your support of this Initiative. We know that your support will be key to the implementation of this Initiative throughout Indian country.
8 ECC Initiative Objectives Overall Goal: Reduce the prevalence of ECC among 0-5 year old AI/AN children by 25% by FY 2015.Increase dental access for 0-5 year old AI/AN children by 10% in FY 2010 and 50% by FY 2015.Increase the number of children 0-5 years old who received a fluoride varnish treatment by 10% in FY 2010 and 25% by FY 2015.
9 ECC Initiative Objectives Increase the number of sealants among children 0-5 years old by 10% in FY 2010 and 25% by FY 2015.Increase the number ITRs provided for children ages 0-5 by 10% in FY 2010 and 50% by FY 2015.All four objectives will be tracked separatelyfor 0-2 year olds and 3-5 year olds.3. The third objective is to increase the use of both resin and glass ionomer sealants on the primary teeth.The final objective requires a change in the way we think about treating dental caries in the primary dentition. We want to provide more caries stabilization for young children with the ultimate goal of earlier intervention and less dental treatment under general anesthesia. We are promoting the use of fluoride-releasing glass ionomer restorations that require no drilling and no local anesthesia.The objectives will be tracked using both RPMS data and the Basic Screening Survey. For each objective, we will track the objectives separately for 0-2 year olds and 3-5 year olds to be sure that we are adequately reaching children before they develop ECC.
10 Medical and Public Health Programs The ECC TeamIHS DOH ECC InitiativeDental ProgramsCHR sHead StartTribal OrganizationsWICMedical and Public Health ProgramsAgain, the ECC Initiative was designed to be both comprehensive and collaborative. We are already working with our medical and community partners at the national level. We will be presenting the ECC Initiative at various national conferences during this coming year.We hope that you will collaborate with your local dental, medical and community partners to develop your own collaborative and comprehensive ECC program.Let me describe the different components of the ECC Initiative.
11 Key Components of the ECC Initiative Best Practices to prevent ECCDental Access for prenatal and 0-5 year oldsCaries Stabilization using fluoride, sealants, and Interim Therapeutic Restorations.Data Collection: Tracking RPMS data and implementation of the Basic Screening Survey (BSS)There are four key components of the ECC Initiative: Best Practices, Dental Access, Caries Stabilization, and Data CollectionBest Practices: The ECC Initiative Committee was tasked with producing a document of evidence-based best practices and key oral health messages to prevent ECC. It is vital that dental providers, medical providers, and community partners all share an understanding of the best practices to prevent ECC and that we deliver consistent messages to pregnant women and families across the country.Dental Access: Best practices are of little use if we don’t improve dental access for pregnant women and children from birth to five years of age. This is why we are bringing in our medical and community partners to assist us in reaching more pregnant women and children.Caries Stabilization: As our medical and community partners join us, we know that there will be an increase in dental referrals for the first incidence of dental caries in 1-2 year olds. General dentists and their staff need to be prepared to treat these early carious lesions, avoiding lengthy and expensive referrals to pediatric dentists.Data Collection: Data Collection will be twofold 1) using RPMS data to track our objectives, and 2) collection of BSS community-based data to document and track the prevalence of ECC nation-wide.
12 The ECC Initiative: Products ECC Initiative PacketTwo Online CoursesHow To Apply Fluoride VarnishCaries StabilizationECC Initiative webpageNow. Let’s look more specifically at the products of the ECC Initiative. (Read slide.)
13 Together we can prevent ECC!!! ECC Initiative PacketTogether we can prevent ECC!!!The ECC Initiative packet is one of the products of the ECC Initiative. The packet was distributed to ADOs, DSCs, and every IHS and Tribal and Urban dental program in the country in March All of the materials in the packet are also available on the ECC webpage.
14 Left Side of Packet: Medical & Community Partners Customized information for medical & community partnersIncludes:ECC Initiative Fact Sheet for Community PartnersHead Start’s Role in ECC Prevention and Early InterventionWIC Staff’s Role in ECC Prevention & Early InterventionCHR’s Role in ECC Prevention and Early InterventionPHN’s Role in ECC Prevention and Early InterventionMedical Provider’s Role in ECC PreventionTribal Council’s/Governing Body’s Role in ECC PreventionLeft side of the ECC PacketOn the left side of the ECC Packet, you will find an ECC Fact Sheet and handouts specifically developed for each of our Community Partners.These handouts will help you define the roles of the medical and community partners in the prevention of ECC in each community.
15 Right Side of Packet: Dental Team ECC Initiative Goals & ObjectivesPromoting Awareness of Early Childhood Caries (fact sheet)Key Oral Health Messages and Setting GoalsWho are the key contacts in your community?Dental SealantsInterim Therapeutic RestorationsRPMS and Coding Questions on the IHS ECC InitiativeThe Basic Screening SurveyGetting Your Community InvolvedECC Initiative Course & Presentation SummariesECC Program PlanningThe right side of the packet contains detailed information for the dental staff. Your local dental programs should each have a copy of the full packet.
16 ECC Initiative Online Courses How To Apply Fluoride VarnishCaries StabilizationTwo courses have been developed as part of the ECC Initiative:1. How To Apply Fluoride Varnish is an online course that was developed in collaboration with the IHS Head Start Program. This course is for medical and community partners who want to provide fluoride varnish. After completing the course, participants must receive a posttest score of 80% in order to print a certificate. The participant must then demonstrate application of fluoride varnish before receiving standing orders. It will be up to local physicians and dentists to oversee these programs.2. Caries Stabilization is an online course developed to promote the use of resin and glass ionomer sealants on the primary teeth, and glass ionomer restorations on the primary teeth, termed Interim Therapeutic Restorations. Our goal is to increase early intervention techniques to decrease the number of children with severe ECC and to reduce the number of children requiring full-mouth restorative work under general anesthesia. This course is only appropriate for the dental staff.Both of these courses will be available online and also in PowerPoint format with scripts for presentations at conferences, meetings, and via WebEx.
17 http://www.doh.ihs.gov/ecc Models to Improve Dental Access ECC Packet (download and print)Links to the online coursesLinks to ECC resources and updates on best practices.ECC Initiative Webpage on the Dental PortalEach month on the webpage, IHS Division of Oral Health will highlight a local program that has increased access for 0-5 year olds. We know that there are already some champions who are working hard to improve access for this age group. By highlighting these programs, we hope to encourage other dental programs to develop local ECC programs. Let us know if you have a program in your Area that is already working with community partners or using unique strategies to improve access and prevent ECC.The ECC webpage will have all of the materials in the ECC packet in formats you can download and print.It will also include links to the online courses, links to ECC resources, and updates on best practices.This webpage is not just for dental staff. Medical and community partners can access this webpage too!
18 Best Practices during Pregnancy Educate mother about ways to prevent ECC.Support breastfeeding. Discourage tobacco use.Provide an oral exam, periodontal disease screening, prophylaxis, and recommendations for completing dental treatment, caries control, and appropriate recall.Assess caries risk and prescribeanti-bacterials like chlorhexidine orxylitol for high-risk mothers after thebaby is born.Let’s look closer at the best practices that we will be supporting. The best practices are outlined in greater detail in the ECC Packet.This is an overview of the best practices during pregnancy. You will need to rely on your medical and community partners to deliver key oral health messages and refer pregnant women to the dental clinic.
19 Best Practices 0-2 year olds Oral health assessment soon afterthe first tooth erupts.Fluoride varnish treatments 4 ormore times during the period from9-24 months of age.Brush twice daily with a small smear of fluoride toothpaste beginning when the first tooth erupts.Consider sealants and caries stabilization with GI as appropriate.For 0-2 year olds, each community will need to work with their medical and community partners to provide oral health assessments, fluoride varnish treatments, and education.This recommendation is based on the work of Dr. Steve Holve, a pediatrician in Tuba City, who published his research documenting that children who received 4 or more fluoride varnish treatments during well-child visits between the ages of 9-24 months of age had a 35% reduction in decayed surfaces. This is published in the IHS Primary Care Provider, October 2006.We are strongly promoting the use of fluoride toothpaste beginning with eruption of the first primary teeth. We know that it is difficult to motivate families to brush their children’s teeth, but we are convinced that if they did this, beginning with eruption of the first teeth, it would make a difference.We also recommend caries stabilization with glass ionomer sealants and interim therapeutic restorations as appropriate.While we recognize that there are various chemotherapeutics currently being tested with young children, including iodine and chlorhexidine, they are lacking the clinical trials to make them best practices at this time. We are, however, encouraging local dental programs to participate in pilot-testing of these products.
20 Best Practices 3-5 year olds Yearly dental exam.Fluoride varnish treatments 3-4 times a year.Brush twice daily with a pea-size dab of fluoride toothpaste.We also recommend caries stabilization with GI sealants and restorations as appropriate.These are the best practices for 3-5 year olds.Head StartFor children in Head Start, we are encouraging dental programs to explore new models to deliver exams, fluoride varnish, and dental treatment. One viable model is to provide caries stabilization using ITRs for as many children as possible and referring only those children who have the most extensive dental treatment needs to pediatric dentists. Currently, many Head Start children never receive dental treatment. Using caries stabilization, we can deliver more dental treatment to the population of Head Start children.We are also encouraging Head Start Directors, Health Coordinators, teachers, and whoever administers medication at Head Start to take the online course and become certified to apply fluoride varnish in Head Start classrooms.
21 Medical and Community Partners We are asking our medical and community health partners to work with us to provide oral health assessments and fluoride varnish treatments for children under 6 years of age. (go through chart)We collaborated with the IHS Head Start Program to develop the online course “How to Apply Fluoride Varnish.” We encourage to take this online course and work with your local dental staff to establish fluoride varnish programs for each age group.
22 Caries Stabilization Interim Therapeutic Restorations (ITR) Prevent the progression of caries.Reduce the levels of cariogenic bacteria.Follow-up care including OHI, fluoride toothpaste, and the use of fluoride varnishes may improve the treatment outcome.ITRs are endorsed by theAAPD and the IHS, DOHSo what happens when you refer babies and young children to the dental clinic for treatment? Some of these children will be good candidates for caries stabilization with fluoride-releasing restorations.Previously called ART and often referred to as a “scoop and fill” technique, the new name for these fluoride-releasing glass ionomer restorations is Interim Therapeutic Restorations or ITR. We want to cover a few important points about ITR here today so that you understand this important treatment option for young children:First of all, ITR is recognized as a viable treatment option by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and also the IHS Division of Oral Health.It is a simple procedure that requires no high-speed drills and no local anesthesia. The goal is to stabilize carious lesions. While these restorations are considered temporary, they often last the life of the primary tooth. In other cases, the children will need traditional dental treatment when they are older, and often more cooperative.Ask your dental program if they are offering ITR for the children in your community.Early intervention and caries stabilization is a key component of the ECC Initiative.
23 National Oral Health Surveillance We are using the Basic Screening Survey (BSS) to document ECC and track our progress.Developed by the American Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, this survey can be done in the dental clinic, at health fairs, at other screening opportunities, and through a retrospective chart review.We plan to build a national ECC database by encouraging local use of the Basic Screening Survey (BSS).This is a survey currently used by states to assess oral health status. BSS data collection would allow us to compare oral health status not only to other AI/AN communities, but also to the states where each AI/AN community is located.You may be asked to work with the dental program to collect data to document the prevalence of ECC in your community and to track the success of your ECC programs.
24 ECC InitiativeDental alone cannot prevent ECC because nationally our access to care rate is low, and children don’t often come to the dentist at an early age.That’s why our community partners are critical to the success of this initiative.In summary, we want to reiterate that the ECC Initiative was designed to be both comprehensive and collaborative.We know that we must work with our medical and community health partners to improve access for pregnant women and young children.Our community partners are critical to the success of this initiative.
25 What can YOU do?Review the ECC Initiative handouts that outline what medical and community partners can do to support the ECC Initiative.Collaborate with dental, medical and community partners in your community to develop a plan to prevent ECC.Screen and apply fluoride varnish. Take the online course “How to Apply Fluoride Varnish” if you want to learn more.Provide “Key Oral Health Messages” to families.Work with your dental program to collect BSS survey data.Medical and community partners are critical to implementation of the ECC Initiative in American Indian and Alaska Native communities.Here are some of the ways that you can become involved.(read slide)
26 Together, we CAN make a difference! Together, we really can make a difference!
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