# Understanding Performance Based Bonus Data, Calculations and Metrics October 2014.

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Understanding Performance Based Bonus Data, Calculations and Metrics October 2014

The funds released in Fall 2014 (FY 15) are based on the data through 12- 13. The previous years are the same business rules, with Fall 2013 (FY 14) based on data through 11-12 and Fall 2012 (FY 13) based on data through 10-11. 2013-2014 Timeline for Performance Based Bonus Fall 2014 funds (FY 15) Fall 2013 funds (FY 14) Fall 2012 funds (FY 13) SY 2010-2011 dataSY 2011-2012 data SY 2012-2013 data

Origin of Performance Based Bonus Original concept came from Superintendent Flanagan and Governor Snyder; idea of including “bonus” funding for schools Part of an overall package that also includes bonus funding for “best practices” that districts are incentivized to pursue

Brief History Original idea announced in April 2011 Final bill signed July 2012 included numerous revisions Included again in budget for fiscal years 2014 and 2015 The funds released in Fall 2014 (FY 15) are based on the data through 2012- 13.

Timeline Performance Based Bonus (PBB) funding was distributed in the October State Aid payment initially and will again be distributed in the October 2014 payments based on the new performance results Release of list and funding for the 2013-14 school year occurred in early October 2013 Release of list and funding for the 2014-15 school year will occur on or around October 20

Guiding Principles Develop a bonus funding metric Base it on student growth and improvement (not purely on proficiency) Provide ways to incentivize districts to achieve growth with their students

How Do We Calculate Eligibility for the Bonus? District-level calculation Uses 2012-2013 assessment data Each district is eligible for \$100 per pupil It is divided into three pieces: o \$30 for mathematics in elementary/middle school o \$30 for reading in elementary/middle school o \$40 for all tested subjects in high school

How Do We Calculate Eligibility for the Bonus? Can earn none, some or all of the bonus Get the per-pupil-bonus for every pupil in the district, regardless of grade o Students do not have to be in a tested grade o Does not relate to level (i.e. if you get the \$30 per student based on E/MS reading, the district gets an additional \$30 for ALL students enrolled)

District Size Requirement To qualify for elementary/middle school reading, a district needs at least 30 Full Academic Year (FAY) students who also have a Performance Level Change value To qualify for high school, a district needs at least 20 Full Academic Year (FAY) students in each of the current and previous three years

Implications of District Size Requirement Some districts have enough students to be eligible for the \$60 for E/MS, but not enough to be eligible for the \$40 high school bonus Some districts are too new  they don’t have enough years of data to qualify

Participation Requirements Districts must assess 95% of students on MEAP, MEAP Access, Michigan Merit Examination or MI-Access Aligned with the 2012-2013 accountability data for this year’s calculation Participation requirement is determined separately at the high school and elementary/middle school

Elementary/Middle School Reading and mathematics only Uses the Performance Level Change (PLC) metric MEAP and MI-Access (Functional Independence) Weighted PLC formula that gives greater points for growth with students who are further behind

Weighted PLC Calculations Previously Proficient Previously Not Proficient Significant decline or decline 00 Maintain21 Improve or significantly improve 23

Performance Level Change Example: A student who is Not Proficient in a previous year and becomes Partially Proficient in the current year qualifies as “Improve”

How To Calculate the Bonus for Elementary/Middle Schools Calculate weighted PLC on every student who is Full Academic Year and has a PLC value Calculate the district-wide average of the weighted PLC for the subject Compare to the target value (1.5) If greater than 1.5 in reading  reading \$\$ If greater than 1.5 in math  math \$\$

How To Calculate the Bonus for High Schools Percent of students proficient in all subjects o Defined as proficient in all valid tested subjects Four-year slope of that value If it is greater than the state average and positive, then they get the high school bonus

Example of Data District\$30—Math E/MS \$30—Read E/MS \$40—High School Total Bonus District AYesNoYes\$70 District BYes No\$60 District CNo Yes\$40 District DYesNo \$30 District ENoYesNo\$30 District FYes \$100

Common Concerns Only Full Academic Year students o District level FAY o Have had the students for at least a year It is not “growth” o PLC is our best measure of student progress o No “growth” for high school; use district-level improvement

Questions? Link to 22j info and spreadsheet for past data: o http://www.michigan.gov/mde/0,4615,7- 140-6530_6605-288549--,00.html http://www.michigan.gov/mde/0,4615,7- 140-6530_6605-288549--,00.html Additional inquiries: o Email: mde-accountability@michigan.gov or call: 877-560-8378, option 2mde-accountability@michigan.gov

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