2 Parallel: A ReviewContinuing this week’s theme of sad love situations...
3 Understanding Parallel Structure Parallel structure (also called parallelism) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. By making each compared item or idea in your sentence follow the same grammatical pattern, you create a parallel construction.We will focus on parallel structure in lists.Examples:Not Parallel:Ellen likes hiking, the rodeo, and to take afternoon naps.Parallel:Ellen likes hiking, attending the rodeo, and taking afternoon naps.
4 Parallelism: A VisualLong John Silver fights with a pistol, a sword, and a knife.Long John Silver fights with article+noun, article+noun, and article+noun.The student was forced to write his report quickly, accurately, and thoroughly.The student was forced to write his report adverb, adverb, and adverb.
5 Parallelism Provides Grammatical Symmetry Known as "The Golden Ratio", the face must be of particular proportions to be considered symmetrical.More symmetrical = More beautifulWe’re just matching our grammar to provide this sought-after symmetry to our readers.Big Mike enjoys drinking protein shakes, lifting weights, and folding laundry.
6 WHHHHHY am I learning this?! Good parallel structure improves the clarity of your writing.Parallelism is used effectively as a rhetorical device throughout literature and in speeches, advertising copy, and popular songs.Example:"...and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth.“ –Lincoln
7 Class Practice Questions: During class, Samuel spent his time flirting with Brittney, he ate candy, and doodling on the assignment sheet.How do you make the sentence above have parallel structure?Answer:During class, Samuel spent his time flirting with Brittney, eating candy, and doodling on the assignment sheet.
8 Class Practice Questions: Barking dogs, kittens that were meowing, and squawking parakeets greet the pet shop visitors.How do you make the sentence above have parallel structure?Answer:Barking dogs, meowing kittens, and squawking parakeets greet the pet shop visitors.
9 Class Practice Questions: Eileen bought new shoes for the party, a gold charm for her mother, and to treat her best friend Maria to lunch.Eileen decided to buy new shoes for the party, purchasing a gold charm for her mother, and treating her best friend Maria to lunch.Eileen purchased new shoes for the party, a gold charm for her mother, and lunch for Maria, her best friend.Directions: Choose the sentence that has no errors in structure.
10 Class Practice Questions: Pasta boiling in water, __________, and garlic bread baking in the oven welcomed Francisco as he opened the door.simmered tomato sauce in the pantomato sauce simmering in the pantomato sauce that simmered in the pansaucy tomatoes that were simmering in the pan
11 Class Practice Questions: To win Laurie’s love, Albert visited the florist for roses, the drugstore for a box of chocolates, and __________.bought an expensive gold necklace at the jewelry storethe jeweler for an expensive gold necklacethe jeweler where he bought an expensive gold necklaceto buy an expensive gold necklace