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Infant, Child, Youth and Young Adult Symposium “A Community Leaders’ Discussion” September 25, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Infant, Child, Youth and Young Adult Symposium “A Community Leaders’ Discussion” September 25, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Infant, Child, Youth and Young Adult Symposium “A Community Leaders’ Discussion” September 25, 2013

2 Symposium Goal To share information and identify actions and programs to support the healthy growth, development and education of children and youth from prenatal to young adulthood.

3 Agenda Symposium Goal & Agenda Overview Jon Van Arnam1:00-1:10 Opening Remarks and Self IntroductionsBoard Chairs1:10-1:20 “Children Deserve Our Help to Succeed”Tana Ebbole1:20-1:30 Staff Presentations – “Demographics, Lisa Williams-Taylor1:30-2:10 Key Factors & Recommendations”Marsha Guthrie Keith Oswald Mike Rodriguez Mimi Coenen Keynote Presentation – “Essential Life Skills” Ellen Galinsky 2:10-2:45 Refreshment Break 2:45-3:00 Facilitated Roundtable Discussion Ellen Galinsky 3:00-4:30 Wrap-UpEllen Galinsky 4:30-4:45 Closing Remarks Board Chairs4:45-5:00

4 Keynote & Facilitator Ellen Galinsky President and Co-Founder of Families and Work Institute

5 Goal for Our Children and Youth To support the healthy growth, development and education of our children and youth prenatal through young adulthood so that they graduate from high school and succeed in life.

6 Palm Beach County 77% of our children (high school seniors) are graduating, leaving approximately 2,500 not receiving a standard diploma annually 67% of all graduates go on to post-secondary education, leaving approximately 3,000 who do not 5.1% (3,273) of youth ages are not working and not in school

7 Over-Represented Populations Impoverished – 65% Black and Hispanic – 64% and 72% Exceptional Student Education (ESE) – 54% English Language Learners (ELL) – 47%

8 Cross-Sectional Input Steering committee and three sub- committees 50+ people 25+ organizations

9 Guiding Questions What framework should we use? What are the key factors impacting goal? What do these key factors look like in Palm Beach County? What can we do to make a difference – recommendations?

10 Prenatal- Birth 3 Kindergarten Entry Third Grade Middle School Entry High School Entry High School Graduation 22 Lead: Children’s Services Council Lead: School District Lead: Criminal Justice Commission & Workforce Alliance Child/Youth Framework

11 Steps to Success Healthy births Secure attachment to caregivers Effective parenting Safe & nurturing families & communities Meeting educational standards Ready for school Career readiness Connectedness Graduation & successful entry to adulthood Poor school attendance Non-proficient readers Discipline referrals/suspensions Not connected Toxic Stress  Depression  Substance Abuse  Exposure to violence Late or no Prenatal care DJJ Referrals Teen pregnancy Adolescents substance use Idle youth (not working and not in school) Prosocial adolescent behaviors

12 Prenatal care Parenting Toxic stress Depression Substance abuse Exposure to violence School readiness Key Prenatal-Five Factors Impacting Goal

13 Prenatal care access - healthy babies and developmental delays Preterm birth - third grade reading and math performance Low and very low birthweight - poor school performance and chronic health issues. In PBC, the rate of late or no prenatal care access is 6.9% compared to 4.8% for Florida Key Factor: Prenatal Care

14 Key Factor: Parenting Secure, stable, supportive relationships - brain development and school readiness Parenting skills and knowledge of child development - protective factors Sensitive and responsive parent/child relationships - cognitive skill development

15 Toxic stress - brain architecture and impact on learning, behavior, and physical and mental health Depression - children’s behavior, IQ scores, impulsivity, and developmental delays Postpartum Depression is estimated to occur in approximately 10 to 20 percent of new mothers – 2,100 in PBC 2 nd highest maltreatment type (verified) in PBC – “Substance Misuse” (302 cases - 21% in 2012) Key Factor: Toxic Stress Depression & Substance Abuse

16 Exposure to violence - depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, poor physical health, and poor academic achievement Emotional stability, self-regulation, problem solving skills and resilience are negatively affected by maltreatment 1,207 children (0-5) were abused and neglected in PBC in 2012 “Family Violence Threatens Child” was the most common maltreatment type (verified) in PBC (619 cases - 42% in 2012) Key Factor: Toxic Stress Exposure to Violence

17 Key Factor: School Readiness Strongest predictors of later school achievement - kindergarten-entry (math, reading, and attention skills) 30% of our children are not ready based on kindergarten assessments Preschool participants (3 & 4 year olds)  High school completion  School dropout  Juvenile arrests  Grade retention  Special education

18 Prenatal-Five Importance of First Five Years

19 Kindergarten to High School

20 Reading proficiency Attendance Discipline and suspensions Connectedness Key School Factors Impacting Goal

21 Reading on Grade Level About 16 % of children who are not reading proficiently by the end of third grade do not graduate from high school on time, a rate four times greater than that for proficient readers. For children who were poor for at least a year and were not reading proficiently, the proportion failing to graduate rose to 26%. For children who were poor, lived in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty and not reading proficiently, the proportion jumped to 35%. Key Factor: Reading Proficiency

22 54% of 3 rd Grade Students 58% of 10 th Grade Students

23 Key Factor: Attendance Chronic absence in kindergarten was associated with lower performance in 1 st grade Research shows this gap of lower academic performance continues through high school Kids who miss more than 10 days of school are 20% less likely to graduate from high school

24 Key Factor: Attendance Myths Absences are only a problem if they are unexcused Sporadic versus consecutive absences aren’t a problem Attendance only matters in the older grades Barriers Lack of access to health care Poor transportation No safe path to school Aversion Child struggling academically Lack of engaging instruction Poor school climate and ineffective school discipline Parents had negative school experience Provided by:

25 How many students miss more than 10 days annually? 26% of students in elementary school 14% of students in middle school 12% of students in high school Approximately 6% of students K-12 are missing more than 20 days of school a year Key Factor: Attendance

26 Florida Study on Suspensions and Graduations 75% - never suspended, graduated on time 52% - suspended once, graduated on time 38% - suspended twice, graduated on time Key Factor: Discipline & Suspensions Source: Florida Study on Suspensions and Graduation

27 Discipline Referrals High School  from 41,601 in FY12 to 33,335 in FY 13 Middle School  from 40,208 in FY 12 to 27,278 in FY 13 Elementary  from 15,839 in FY 12 to 11,282 in FY 13 Key Factor: Discipline & Suspensions

28 Students Who Feel Connected Feel like they belong Less likely to use substances, exhibit emotional distress, demonstrate violent or deviant behavior, attempt suicide, and become pregnant, etc. Less likely to skip school or be involved in fighting, bullying, and vandalism. These students are more likely to succeed academically and graduate. Key Factor: Connectedness

29 If I need to, I can talk to at least one adult about personal problems 82% in elementary school 72% in middle school 65% two years ago 70% in high school 59% two years ago

30 Key Factor: Connectedness My family encourages me to participate in clubs, groups or team activities 81% in elementary school 75% in secondary school

31 Kindergarten to High School

32 High School to 22

33 Connectedness DJJ referrals High risk behaviors Teen pregnancy Substance use Idle youth Career readiness Key Young Adult Factors Impacting Goal

34 Key Factor: Connectedness 2012 Total Population 0 – 12 vs. July June 2013 Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care and Afterschool Services in Palm Beach County In 2012, 8.6% of Palm Beach County’s 0-12 population received subsidized child care and afterschool services Source: Palm Beach Early Learning Coalition

35 School Year Slots Available for After School Programs 6th- 12th Graders Key Factor: Connectedness In , there were afterschool slots available to accommodate 5% of the student population. Source: Palm Beach County School District, CJC Community Survey, 2013

36 Over the past five years, DJJ referrals decreased by roughly one-third. Predictably, the Juvenile Detention Center population also decreased during that same period. This can be attributed to a reduction in juvenile crime on a national, state, and local level, coupled with the implementation of innovative crime prevention and diversion initiatives. One in five juveniles processed at the Juvenile Assessment Center is for Domestic Violence. Key Factor: DJJ Referrals

37 Nationally, 70% of teen mothers DO NOT earn a high school diploma. 38% of PBC High School youth used alcohol compared to 33.9% statewide as self reported. Adolescent marijuana users are 2.3% more likely to drop out than their non-using peers. Key Factor: High Risk Behaviors

38 Not working, not in school – “Disconnected” 3,273 in a one-year period, trending unfavorably Economic impact on society and youth Key Factor: Idle Youth (16-19) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, 2009, 2010, & 2011

39 Career Readiness Key Factor: Career Readiness

40 Recommendations Steps to Success

41 Programs/Services 1.Expand assessments for maternal depression (e.g., general practitioners, OBs, pediatricians) 2.Launch a community wide public awareness campaign focused on empowering parents and caregivers 3.Continue literacy-based initiatives that begin in early childhood through high school and beyond 4.Universally offer transition programs in every school (entry into kindergarten, 6 th, 9 th, and post-graduate) 5.Increase access to quality pre-school and afterschool programs Recommendations

42 Programs/Services 6. Identify dedicated staff at each school to help get at- risk children to needed services 7. Build more opportunities to reconnect disconnected youth to education (including trades) and employment opportunities 8. Expand the use of evidence-based programs focused on key factors 9. Increase awareness of domestic violence services and shelters in our community that serve juveniles and families, including pets

43 Infrastructure: 1.Create and sustain a management infrastructure to act as convener, organizer, and facilitator for collaboration focused on youth and young adults 2.Support and enhance a database and resource assessment to ensure the right people get to the most appropriate programs/services by: Leveraging technology to establish real-time mapping of available community resources including: Descriptions of programs, target populations and how to access programs/services 3.Develop a community research and evaluation structure to determine program effectiveness Recommendations

44 Questions Thank you, Criminal Justice Commission, Palm Beach County Children’s Services Council of Palm Beach County The School District of Palm Beach County Workforce Alliance

45 Keynote & Facilitator Ellen Galinsky President and Co-Founder of Families and Work Institute


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