Presentation on theme: "The Circular Economy by Stuart Pledger. Agenda Introduction What is circulpr economy Why is it interesting? How can it be used? Where do we start? Conclusion."— Presentation transcript:
The Circular Economy by Stuart Pledger
Agenda Introduction What is circulpr economy Why is it interesting? How can it be used? Where do we start? Conclusion
Cradle Net is a Swedish Non-Profit Association started in Cradle Net´s Vision: Helping to transform Sweden to a Circular Economy
We live in exciting times! Our generation is re-thinking and re- designing the way we organize our society and our economy so that the way we produce the the things respects our natural environment.
It is hard to have a productive economy and a healthy society without a well- functioning ecological system 1. Ecological system 2. Social system 3. Economic system
Circular Economy is… A proactive school of thought/paradigm in which social and economic development respects the principles of nature and human needs. The circular economy aims to create production and consumtion processes which work in endless material loops that leverage nature’s regenerative power to enhance the quality of life for humans and all living things
Nature inspires us to be more good, not ”less bad”.
Natural Resources are finite, getting more expensive. Resources in waste dump = wasted profit!
Principles of Circular Economy: Systems thinking: understand resource stocks and flows Waste is Food: non-toxic, biological- & technological loops Diversity is strength: Biological, Technological, Cultural Use renewable energy: sun, wind, geothermal, biomass
European Commission MEMO Brussels, 17 December 2012 MANIFESTO FOR A RESOURCE-EFFICIENT EUROPE In a world with growing pressures on resources and the environment, the EU has no choice but to go for the transition to a resource-efficient and ultimately regenerative circular economy. Our future jobs and competitiveness, as a major importer of resources, are dependent on our ability to get more added value, and achieve overall decoupling, through a systemic change in the use and recovery of resources in the economy. EU Commits to Circular Economy
Concept Development-Circular Economy Regenerative Design. In the 1970s, an American professor named John T. Lyle launched a challenge for graduate students. Performance Economy. Walter Stahel, architect and industrial analyst, sketched the vision of an economy in loops (or circular economy) and its impact on job creation, economic competitiveness, resource savings, and waste prevention in his 1976 research report to the European Commission The Potential for Substituting Manpower for Energy, co-authored with Genevieve Reday. Cradle to Cradle. In the 1990s, German chemist and visionary Michael Braungart went on to develop, together with American architect Bill McDonough, Industrial Ecology. Industrial ecology is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems. Biomimicry. Janine Benyus, author of Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature, Permaculture. Australian ecologists Bill Mollison and David Holmgren coined the term ‘permaculture’ in the late 1970s, defining it as ‘the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems, which have the diversity, stability and resilience of natural ecosystems’. Blue Economy. Initiated by former Ecover CEO and Belgian businessman Gunter Pauli, the Blue Economy is an open-source movement bringing together concrete case studies, initially compiled in an eponymous report handed over to the Club of Rome.
Dame Ellen MacArthur World Record HolderChange Agent Dame Ellen set a world record in 2005, sailing around the globe in 71 days. Today she and the Ellen MacArthur Foundation work to spread knowledge about the need to transition from our disfunctional economy to a circular economy.
Ellen McArthur Foundation & Mckinsey
Closing Biological & Technological Loops
Re-thinking progress/From consumer to user
Anders Wijkman & Johan Rockström
Walter R. Stahel Originator of the phrase “Cradle to Cradle “ The Product-Life Institute Geneva, founded 1983, is the oldest established consultancy in Europe devoted to developing sustainable strategies and policies Author: “The Performance Economy” (2010)
Authors: Cradle to CradleCradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things Prof. Dr. Michael Braungart Academic Chair for Cradle to Cradle Innovation & Quality Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) University of Twente, Netherlands. Founder EPEA. Prof. William McDonough is an American architect, designer, advisor, author, and thought leader. McDonough is founding principal of William McDonough + Partners, co- founder of McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry. Michael Braungart & William McDonough0
C2C Report for Building Industry cradle-to-cradle-for-den-byggda-miljon/
Biological Metabolism Technical Metabolism
Do you have reverse logistics?
Shaw Carpets Ecovative Packaging Circular Cases: Herman Miller Office Furniture Park 20/20 Holland
Ecovative Design Eben Bayer and Gavin McIntyre, the founders of Ecovative Design, found inspiration while observing mushrooms growing on wood chips and how the mycelium – the ‘roots’ of the mushrooms – bonded the wood chips together. Mycelium, a fungal network of threadlike cells, then acts like a “natural, self-assembling glue”. This enabled the team to formulate a new method to produce materials able to replace various types of products, including petroleum-based expanded plastics and particle board made using carcinogenic formaldehyde.
Ecovative Production Process The raw material used is agricultural feedstock. They use parts of plants that cannot be used for food or feed, therefore with low economic value. These are cleaned and inoculated with mushroom tissue. The mycelium grows in 5-7 days without needing any light or water, digesting the agricultural by-product and binding into the shape needed. At the end of the process, the material goes through a dehydration and heat treating process to stop the growth and to ensure the absence of spores or allergens.
Ecovative cont. In 2010, Ecovative commercially launched a portfolio of protective packaging products, originally called EcoCradle®. Steelcase, a global provider of office furniture, and Dell, the computer technology corporation, were early adopters. Since then, Ecovative has supplied their protective packaging to a growing number of other Fortune 500 companies. Ecovative is also investigating further applications, such as insulation, consumer products, and new bio-materials. Since starting with two people 6 years ago, Ecovative has experienced very steep growth, reaching about employees today
Park 20/20 – a C2C Business Complex The masterplan A collection of unique buildings inspired by C2C buildings form a circle around a car-free public area with water, green, promenades, inspiring places offers a welcome break from the workplace has car and bicycle parking, located under the offices Parking: includes a private entrance for 24/7 secure
Shaw Carpets Re-uses material
Michelin - Tire Leasing As of 2011, Michelin Fleet Solutions had 290,000 vehicles under contract in 23 countries, offering tire management (upgrades, maintenance, replacement) to optimize the performance of large truck fleets—in Europe, 50% of large truck fleets externalize their tire management. By maintaining control over the tires throughout their usage period, Michelin is able to easily collect them at end of the leases and extend their technical life (for instance by retreading) as well as to ensure proper reintegration into the material cascade at end of life.
Herman Miller´s Design for Disassembly Look at a disassembled Herman Miller“Aeron” chair above. At the end of its useful life you can see there are a lot of different components that make up the furniture. Up to 90% of the parts above will be reused in new furniture thus generating huge savings on material purchase.
Ricoh Copiers Business Ecosystem
Social Innovation Buckminster Fuller said “You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” This tour represents our collective effort to build a new model. One that is in the best of interest of all The People…… no longer the privileged few.