Presentation on theme: "Colonies New England Middle Colonies Southern Colonies."— Presentation transcript:
Colonies New England Middle Colonies Southern Colonies
13 Colonies Vocabulary Puritan- a religious group not trying to separate from the Church of England, but making religious practice pure. Common- an open area where sheep and cattle graze; village green. Specialize- to work at one kind of job and do it well.
Vocabulary Charter-an official paper in which certain rights are given by a government to a person or business. Town meeting public office- an assembly in the New England colonies in which male landowners could take part in government.
Vocabulary Industry- all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service. Export- a product that leaves a country. Import- a product brought into a country. Triangular trade route- a shipping route that linked England, the English colonies in North America, and the west coast of Africa, forming an imaginary triangle in the Atlantic Ocean. Naval store- a product that is used to build and repair a ship.
Introduction to the 13 Colonies Brainpop video and quiz
Objectives for the New England Colonies. Explain reasons for colonization of America Define characteristics of each colony Describe new economies of each colony Identify contributions of key individuals
New England Colonies
Early United States The United States began with the 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast of North America. ◦Most colonies were founded in the early 1600’s to the 1700’s. colonists◦The first colonists, people coming from another country, were people from Spain in the 1500’s. They founded colonies in Mexico. ◦The first permanent colony in what is now the U.S. from England was the Jamestown Colony in Virginia in ◦Captain John Smith ◦Captain John Smith was a strong leader for the colonists, but one day he was captured by the Powhatan tribe. ◦PocahontasJohn Smith’s ◦Pocahontas was the chief’s daughter. She saved John Smith’s life by stopping her father from killing him.
New England Many early colonists left Europe in search of religious freedoms, desire for land, $$$ opportunity and in hopes of a new life. Pilgrims New England settlers first began with Pilgrims, a person who makes a journey for religious reasons, in the Plymouth colony in what is now Massachusetts. ◦The first Thanksgiving P.168.Thanksgiving Later came the Puritans, a religious group that wanted to make their religious practices more pure, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. New Englanders made a living by farming, fishing, hunting whales, or building ships. New England colonies were Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.
Activities Know the location of the 13 colonies and where they are located. This will be on the final test. Color code the 13 colonies and keep as a study guide in your Social Studies folder. Mayflower Compact The Mayflower Compact was an agreement signed by the Pilgrims to have “just and equal laws” that would be for the common good of the people for the colony. Take a look at page 167. Write your own compact that is for your class. Put this in your output page. What rules would you like to see your classmates follow? Make a list of the rules and explain how this compact will benefit your classmates in a paragraph..
The Middle Colonies “ The Fields, most beautiful, yield such Crops of Wheat, And other things most excellent to eat.” - Richard Frame, A Short Description of Pennsylvania, 1692
The Middle Colonies Middle Colonies included: New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Dutchfirst settlers The Dutch were the first settlers into the Middle Colonies. They were from the Netherlands and Sweden. They welcomed people from other countries, however Jews were not allowed to work certain jobs or freely practice religion. English settlers arrived later
New Netherland Becomes New York ◦King Charles II ◦King Charles II of England declared war against the Dutch, but the Dutch refused to fight and gave up their land. ◦New Netherland was split into present-day New Jersey and New York in 1664.
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware Quakers Land was sold at a low cost and the Quakers, a religious group, were the first to start a colony in New Jersey. William Penn proprietor William Penn was the proprietor, or owner, of what is now Pennsylvania and Delaware. diverse Philadelphia, Pennsylvania had many diverse, or different, backgrounds. General Assembly The General Assembly provided a legislature, which was a group of people that make laws for the colony.
The Middle Colonies Great Awakening The Great Awakening, a movement that called for a rebirth of religious ways of life, spread through the English colonies during the 1730’s and 1740’s. New York Philadelphia New York and Philadelphia were the largest cities in the colonies. Port cities Port cities were important centers of trade and manufacturing.
Activity In the output page you will be completing a worksheet called, “Excerpt from A Short Description of Pennsylvania” This is a document from a DBQ. Analyze the information and the quote. Answer all three questions in complete sentences.
Southern Colonies “Heaven and earth never agreed to frame a better place for man’s habitation.” - John Smith, on Chesapeake Bay, 1607
Southern Colonies Southern Colonies include: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. ◦The first Southern colonists were wealthy Englishman. plantations ◦They started large one-crop farms called plantations. ◦Later Germans, Scots, and Scots-Irish have smaller farms farther inland. Colonists had many hard choices to make opportunity cost ◦Colonists had to decide to leave for the new world or stay with their family. (This is opportunity cost.) Many young people at this time wanted a better life.
Example of Opportunity Cost Let’s say I LOVE to watch the Ellen Show- but Mrs. Byrne invited me to a party. If I choose to watch Ellen- I am giving up the party… If I choose the party… I am giving up Ellen.
Profit was made through… These colonies relied heavily on agriculture. ◦Plantation crops included tobacco, rice, and indigo, a blue dye. ◦Indentured servants agreed to work there. They are people who agree to work for another person without pay for a certain length of time in exchange for passage to North America. 40% ◦Slaves were not granted freedom like the indentured servants. They made up 40% of the population. Coastal port cities were busy with ships bringing slaves over and leaving with cotton, tobacco, and other crops. The ships went through the triangular trade route, and profits began to rise as they continued to do well with their crops.
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia Virginia becomes the largest English colony in North America by In 1712, Carolina was split into North Carolina and South Carolina due to their population growth. 1/3 of the original Carolina was not settled. The 1/3 that was not settled in the Carolinas became Georgia.
Important People through the settlement of the 13 Colonies The following people were important to the colonization of America. ◦John Smith ◦John Smith – English explorer and leader of the Jamestown settlement that saved its people from starvation. ◦William Penn ◦William Penn – Proprietor of Pennsylvania through a charter from King Charles II ◦Roger Williams ◦Roger Williams – Forced to leave Massachusetts and was the Founder of Providence. ◦Anne Hutchinson ◦Anne Hutchinson – Left Massachusetts because of her religious beliefs. She helped settle Rhode Island Colony. ◦James Oglethrope ◦James Oglethrope – Englishman who was given a charter to settle Georgia.
Activity In the output page you will be completing a worksheet called, “Illustration of a Southern Plantation.” This is a document from a DBQ. Read the beginning paragraph and analyze the illustration. Answer the two questions in complete sentences.
Test Review – You need a clean sheet of paper and a pencil. 13 Colonies Map – know the separation of the colonies Vocabulary words New England Colonies – Pilgrims, Puritans, first permanent Colony Middle Colonies – first settlers, New Netherland, William Penn, Port cities Southern Colonies – Plantation crops, difference between indentured servants and slaves, largest English Colony, 1/3 of the Carolinas became Georgia
Final look at the 13 Colonies Brainpop video and quiz