Presentation on theme: "Mathematics learning support Videos to address student questions as they arise Ellen Appleby and Antony Dekkers, Mathematics Learning Centre, CQUniversity."— Presentation transcript:
Mathematics learning support Videos to address student questions as they arise Ellen Appleby and Antony Dekkers, Mathematics Learning Centre, CQUniversity
Scaffolding (original principles) Principle 1 and 2 – Diagnosis and initial support Principle 3 – Adaptive or dynamic feedback cycle Principle 4 – Demonstration of learning Principle 5 - Fading
Application of these principles TabletPCs can provide fast individualised feedback to students thus creating a dynamic feedback loop that can be faded as the student(s) demonstrates the learning.
Fast individual feedback through videos The advantages for students Gives fast response from lecturers to requests/problems through email Can be tailored to individual problems by the lecturer Can be stopped, started rewound
Fast individual feedback through videos The advantages for lecturers Gives fast response to student requests/problems Can be tailored for individual students or as a bank of resources to meet common problems Videos are quick and easy to make Little preparation Rarely require editing Emailed directly to the student (file size is small)
The tools Tablet PC with microphone Camtesia® Software (or screen and audio capture software) Tablet PC scribing program such as Windows Journal Word Powerpoint PDF Annotator etc
The process using Camtesia ® Open Camtesia Set it to record screen mode, turn off audio and video camera Open a screen in a tablet scribing program (eg Windows Journal®, Powerpoint®, Word®, PDF Annotator®)Windows Journal Record the video of the scribed calculation/lesson first Then add the audio (Add Narration) to the video (this is more controllable) Check audio fits video (can edit easily) Publish video to custom, either as wmv (Windows media player) or Quicktime file
Scaffolding Scaffolding – what does it really mean? What is effective scaffolding? What are the processes of scaffolding?
Original intention of scaffolding The formulation of this notion was designed to explore the nature of the support that an adult provides in helping a child to learn how to perform a task that, alone, the child could not master. (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976, cited Wood and Wood, 1996)
Effective Learning Support “Bloom concluded that face-to-face instruction leads to an improvement of two Standard Deviations over conventional class teaching (i.e. about 98% of individually taught learners score above the average for group taught). If computer-based systems could be designed to capture even part of this benefit, then the educational rewards of the research could be highly significant.” (Cited in Wood & Wood, 1996)
Scaffolding – the term Scaffolding as a term has become overused and its meaning has become unclear and has lost its significance. It has become a proxy for any cultural practices that were a form of mediated learning support that included people, artefacts, media, computers and other ICTs. (Pea, 2004)