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Mathematics learning support Videos to address student questions as they arise Ellen Appleby and Antony Dekkers, Mathematics Learning Centre, CQUniversity.

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Presentation on theme: "Mathematics learning support Videos to address student questions as they arise Ellen Appleby and Antony Dekkers, Mathematics Learning Centre, CQUniversity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mathematics learning support Videos to address student questions as they arise Ellen Appleby and Antony Dekkers, Mathematics Learning Centre, CQUniversity

2 Scaffolding (original principles)  Principle 1 and 2 – Diagnosis and initial support  Principle 3 – Adaptive or dynamic feedback cycle  Principle 4 – Demonstration of learning  Principle 5 - Fading

3 Application of these principles  TabletPCs can provide fast individualised feedback to students thus creating a dynamic feedback loop that can be faded as the student(s) demonstrates the learning.

4 Fast individual feedback through videos The advantages for students  Gives fast response from lecturers to requests/problems through  Can be tailored to individual problems by the lecturer  Can be stopped, started rewound

5 Fast individual feedback through videos The advantages for lecturers  Gives fast response to student requests/problems  Can be tailored for individual students or as a bank of resources to meet common problems  Videos are quick and easy to make  Little preparation  Rarely require editing  ed directly to the student (file size is small)

6 The tools  Tablet PC with microphone  Camtesia® Software (or screen and audio capture software)  Tablet PC scribing program such as  Windows Journal  Word  Powerpoint  PDF Annotator  etc

7 The process using Camtesia ®  Open Camtesia  Set it to record screen mode, turn off audio and video camera  Open a screen in a tablet scribing program (eg Windows Journal®, Powerpoint®, Word®, PDF Annotator®)Windows Journal  Record the video of the scribed calculation/lesson first  Then add the audio (Add Narration) to the video (this is more controllable)  Check audio fits video (can edit easily)  Publish video to custom, either as wmv (Windows media player) or Quicktime file

8 Example, file 972kb, time 1:40

9 Any questions?

10 Scaffolding  Scaffolding – what does it really mean?  What is effective scaffolding?  What are the processes of scaffolding?

11 Original intention of scaffolding  The formulation of this notion was designed to explore the nature of the support that an adult provides in helping a child to learn how to perform a task that, alone, the child could not master.  (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976, cited Wood and Wood, 1996)

12 Effective Learning Support  “Bloom concluded that face-to-face instruction leads to an improvement of two Standard Deviations over conventional class teaching (i.e. about 98% of individually taught learners score above the average for group taught). If computer-based systems could be designed to capture even part of this benefit, then the educational rewards of the research could be highly significant.”  (Cited in Wood & Wood, 1996)

13 Scaffolding – the term  Scaffolding as a term has become overused and its meaning has become unclear and has lost its significance.  It has become a proxy for any cultural practices that were a form of mediated learning support that included people, artefacts, media, computers and other ICTs.  (Pea, 2004)


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